HUI216.01 -- ITALIAN CIVILIZATION (Spring 2007)

General information and announcements

Calendar: lectures, office hours, exams and deadlines

Lectures and assignments, readings

Week 01 | Week 02 | Week 03 | Week 04 | Week 05

Week 06 | Week 07 | Week 08 | Week 09 | Week 10

Week 11 | Week 12 | Week 13 | Week 14 | Reading days and Finals

Syllabus

Topics for the paper

General bibliography

Site map of campo7


General information and announcements

Make sure to read the latest announcements regarding this class and its web pages. Announcements are labeled according to their contents:
- "[Schedule]" indicates important changes that affect the schedule of lectures and office hours (cancellations due to inclement weather, temporary changes of classroom, deadline reminders);
- "[Content]" signals new uploads, new pages, or additions and deletions to the list of readings and assignments;
- "[Technical]" refers to events that affect the functionality and availability of these pages;
- "[Other]" includes useful information about grants and awards for undergraduates, on-campus lectures and debates, etc.
Remember that, depending on the configuration of your browser, you may have to hit "Refresh" or "Reload" on your next visit in order to update the contents of this page.

This page was last updated on Jan. 27, 2008, at 3:31 PM.

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Jun. 30 [Content] -- Under Reading days and Finals I have added the audio files of the review session.

May 22 [Content] -- I have added a new page, http://campo7.com/hui21607/stats.html with statistics about the class (average for the paper, average for the final exam and the final grade, number of As, Bs, etc.). You can also download the final exam, in Acrobat format: version 1, or version 2. The correct answers are formatted in bold.

May 6 [Content] -- Under Week 14 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with eight multiple-choice questions. I have added suggested readings on Machiavelli.

May 6 [Schedule] -- I have received 174 papers so far. Don't forget to send yours via e-mail as soon as possible, if you have not done so! The penalty for lateness is one point per day (from Friday, May 4), to be subtracted from the grade of the paper.

May 5 [Content] -- Under Week 14, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Wednesday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

May 1 [Content] -- Under Week 14, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Apr. 27 [Content] -- Under Week 12 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with five multiple-choice questions.

Apr. 26 [Content] -- Under Week 13, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Wednesday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Apr. 25 [Content] -- Under Week 11 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with nine multiple-choice questions.

Apr. 24 [Content] -- Under Week 14, I have posted next week's Lecture notes, in various formats.

Apr. 24 [Schedule] -- I can finally announce the location of the final exam: if your last name begins with the letters A-K, you must go to Javits 102; if your last name begins with the letters L-Z, you must go to Javits 105. Inside the calendar you can find the date and the time. You can also find two dates when you can pick up your paper, after the final exam.

Apr. 24 [Content] -- Under Week 13, I have added a presentation with pictures of Leonardo's 'inventions': the links can be found in the list of topics, under 13.8.

Apr. 24 [Content] -- Under Week 13, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Apr. 22 [Content] -- Under Week 13, I have posted this week's Lecture notes, in various formats. I have added more suggested readings on Leonardo, and a special presentation with notes on Dan Brown's novel, The DaVinci Code.

Apr. 22 [Content] -- Under Week 12, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's and Wednesday's lectures, subdivided by topics.

Apr. 18 [Content] -- Under Week 12, I have posted this week's Lecture notes, in various formats.

Apr. 11 [Content] -- Under Week 11, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Wednesday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Apr. 10 [Content] -- Under Week 10 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with four multiple-choice questions.

Apr. 10 [Content] -- Under Week 11, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Apr. 9 [Other] -- The second annual Cody Center Walk for Developmental Disabilities is scheduled for Sunday, April 15, at 9:30 am. In the six years since its founding in 2001, the Cody Center for Autism and Developmental Disabilities has become Long Island's premier provider of clinical and diagnostic services for children and adults with Autism spectrum and related disorders. All Walk proceeds from registration and from additional donations will benefit the Cody Center. The Walk will begin and end at the Student Activities Center and follow a 2.2 mile circle on the roads around the Academic Mall. A shorter route is also available. Registration for the Walk is available online at the Cody Center Website, http://www.codycenter.org under "on line registration". The walk will end by 11 a.m. For those interested in supporting the Center while enjoying a good laugh, the Cody Center's Tenth Annual Comedy Festival will be held Wednesday, May 9, at the Staller Center at 8:00 pm.

Apr. 9 [Content] -- Under Week 10 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with six multiple-choice questions.

Apr. 9 [Content] -- Under Week 5 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with four multiple-choice questions.

Apr. 9 [Content] -- Under Week 4 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with seven multiple-choice questions.

Apr. 9 [Content] -- Under Week 11, I have posted this week's Lecture notes, in various formats. I have also added new suggested readings under Weeks 10, 11 and 12.

Apr. 5 [Content] -- Under Week 10, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Wednesday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Mar. 28 [Content] -- Under Week 7 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with six multiple-choice questions.

Mar. 27 [Content] -- Under Week 10, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Mar. 26 [Content] -- Under Week 8 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with ten multiple-choice questions.

Mar. 26 [Content] -- Under Week 9 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with six multiple-choice questions.

Mar. 26 [Content] -- Under Week 3 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with five multiple-choice questions.

Mar. 25 [Content] -- Under Week 10, I have posted two different presentations, 10a and 10b, with Lecture notes that will be used this week and the next (Week 11, after the Spring recess).

Mar. 22 [Schedule] -- As you can see from the Calendar, I am canceling the office hour of Thursday, March 29, because I'm leaving to go to a conference that day.

Mar. 22 [Content] -- Under Week 9, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Wednesday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Mar. 20 [Content] -- Under Week 9, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Mar. 19 [Content] -- Under Week 9, I have posted this week's Lecture notes, in various formats. Under Week 8, I have added audio files with relevant sections of last Wednesday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Mar. 14 [Content] -- Under Week 2 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with seven multiple-choice questions.

Mar. 13 [Content] -- Under Week 8, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Mar. 13 [Other] -- The Rete delle scuole autonome della Lombardia offers a program of study, training and cross-cultural experience for the 2007-2008 academic year to native speakers of English. The program is open to individuals who are completing or have recently completed (within the last 18 months) university studies in Italian language and culture, and is also open to students who are currently enrolled in M.A. or Ph.D. programs in Italian language and culture in North-American universities. While the program is intended for enrolled students or recent graduates whose course of study is Italian language and culture, it is also open to enrolled students or recent graduates in other disciplines who would like to have an intercultural experience of study and training in Italian schools. The terms of the program are as follows:
1) The selected candidates will plan a program of study and training that is in keeping with their university curriculum and their own cultural and linguistic goals. The program shall be carried out at an appointed school;
2) The selected candidates must be covered by medical insurance;
3) Reimbursement for expenses will come to a net total of 500 Euros a month, and can be offered in non-monetary form such as provision of lodging; 4) The school which accepts the appointed candidates will designate a tutor who will see to their reception and integration, and who will serve as their principal resource and point of reference. The tutor will help the students to locate housing (apartment, room, or room with a family); 5) The selected candidates commit themselves to attend a program of 12 hours per week of training in English language instruction and to 13 cumulative hours per week of various other activities, namely, independent study, creation of projects, conversation with students, office hours, excursions, meetings with a tutor, and reports, in the school to which they are assigned. The schedule is arranged with the tutor designated by the directors of the program.
6) The selected candidates may be able to attend courses in the local universities. The courses should be consistent with the above mentioned activities and are subject to agreement of the interested parties.
7) The duration of the program will be from 3 months to a school year (between October and May). The duration is to be settled before the student’s departure, according to the needs of the schools and the candidates themselves. The departure date should also conform to the directives of the Italian consular officers in regard to the acquisition of a visa.
Contact Dr. Fedi for for more information.

Mar. 12 [Content] -- Under Week 8, I have posted this week's Lecture notes, in various formats. I have moved some topics to Week 9. Under Week 7, I have added audio files with relevant sections of that week's lectures, subdivided by topics.

Mar. 5 [Content] -- Under Week 7, I have posted this week's Lecture notes, in various formats.

Feb. 27 [Other] -- The Center for Italian Studies, here at USB, is sponsoring the following event: "Remembering Farfariello: A program on the character actor in Italian-American theatre, Eduardo Migliaccio". Presentation by Professor Hermann Haller (Queens College) of his new biography on this subject with readings and interpretations of Migliaccio's Farfariello sketches and commentary/memorabilia by surviving members and friends of the Migliaccio family. Also, a DVD documentary on Farfariello will be screened. Location: Center for Italian Studies Meeting Hall, Stony Brook University’s Frank Melville Memorial Library, Room E4340. All are invited. Free and open to the public.

Feb. 27 [Content] -- Under Week 6, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Feb. 26 [Schedule] -- Classes are in session. A new presentation has not been posted yet because we still need to finish the presentation from Week 5. See you later!

Feb. 25 [Content] -- Under Week 5, I have added audio files with relevant sections of that week's lectures, subdivided by topics.

Feb. 21 [Schedule] -- I am cancelling tonight's office hour. However, I will be in class as usual, and if you need to talk to me, you can do so right after the lecture.

Feb. 19 [Content] -- Under Week 5, I have posted this week's Lecture notes, in various formats.

Feb. 14 [Schedule] -- The University has just cancelled all classes for today. I will see you on Monday.

Feb. 14 [Schedule] -- The University is open: therefore I will be in class as usual this afternoon. Check http://www.stonybrook.edu/sb/emergency/status.shtml to be informed of any changes. I have cancelled tonight's office hour.

Feb. 14 [Content] -- Under Week 4, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Feb. 12 [Content] -- Under Week 4, I have posted this week's Lecture notes, in various formats.

Feb. 8 [Content] -- Under Week 3, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Wednesday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Feb. 6 [Content] -- Under Week 3, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Feb. 5 [Technical] -- I have changed the colors inside the interactive online quizzes.

Feb. 5 [Content] -- Under Week 3, I have posted this week's Lecture notes, in various formats. Under Week 2 I have added a link to another interactive quiz, with five multiple-choice questions. Under Week 1 I have added three new questions to the first interactive quiz.

Feb. 2 [Content] -- Under Week 2, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Wednesday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Jan. 31 [Content] -- Under Week 2, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Jan. 29 [Content] -- Under Week 2, I have posted this week's Lecture notes, in various formats. Under Week 1 I have added a link to the first interactive quiz, with three multiple-choice questions (more will be added during the semester). By taking this simple online test, you can measure the level of competence that you have achieved on some of the topics introduced so far. The test will also help you prepare for the final exam. In order to take this online test, remember that you have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls.

Jan. 27 [Content] -- Under Week 1, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Wednesday's lecture, subdivided by topics.

Jan. 23 [Content] -- In the Calendar, I have added the office hours of my graduate assistant, Holly Schnittger.

Jan. 23 [Content] -- Under Week 1, I have added audio files with relevant sections of the first lecture, subdivided by topics.

Jan. 23 [Other] -- I have received this from the office of the President, Shirley Strum Kenny: You are invited to attend STONY BROOK DAY IN ALBANY 2007, scheduled for Tuesday, March 6, 2007. On this day hundreds of students, faculty and staff descend upon Albany with banners, buttons, brochures, and boundless energy and enthusiasm. In today's financial climate, it is important to let your legislators know what Stony Brook means to you. By going to Albany, you will show them that you are involved and you care. You are a constituent and legislators listen to their constituents. If you have questions, log onto the web site http://www.stonybrook.edu/albany or contact Pat Cruso at patricia.cruso@stonybrook.edu (you can also call her at 632-4309).

Jan. 22 [Other] -- Welcome to this class: to all, I wish a most pleasant and productive semester!

Jan. 22 [Content] -- Under Week 1, I have posted this week's Lecture notes, in various formats.

Jan. 21 [Technical] -- The web site has been set up. However, it has not been thoroughly tested.

General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


Calendar: class schedule, office hours, deadlines

Always check this site and the USB homepage for last-minute announcements about cancellations due to the weather or an emergency. The University Emergency Operations Center (EOC) allows you to monitor the latest forecasts, provides detailed notifications and updated information. As an alternative, you can rely on WUSB 90.1 FM Radio, Campus Cable Channel 8, News 12 and other local media stations.

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General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


Lectures and assignments, required and suggested readings

This list may be subject to minor changes and adjustments during the semester.
Required readings, together with class lectures and presentations, include all the topics covered in the exam.
Suggested readings may be used to research the topics and subtopics of the paper or to pursue personal interests.
The importance of each topic or reading is indicated with 0-3 stars:
(***) = indispensable (approx. 60% of exam questions from these topics);
(**) = very important (approx. 30% of exam questions from these topics);
(*) = important (approx. 10% of exam questions from these topics);
no star = less important (no exam questions or just bonus questions from these topics).
Lecture notes in HTML can be viewed online with most Internet browsers: the framed HTML version works best in Internet Explorer, and will work as well in Netscape, provided that you set the page to "Display like Internet Explorer" (use the button in the bottom left corner). In Firefox you may see each slide in a size that is smaller than your screen, and you may have to decrease font size (CTRL+-) to be able to read the text of the slide. Firefox seems to require more tweaking, and, if you know of an effective, simple trick, please let me know.
If you would rather see/print the notes in PowerPoint (.ppt), and you don't have a copy of that software, you can click here to download Microsoft's free PowerPoint viewer for Windows. Click here for the Macintosh edition of the PowerPoint viewer.
For the Acrobat (.pdf) version, you can download the latest version of the free Acrobat Reader, for Windows, MAC or Unix/Linux, from Adobe.
Text (.txt) and Rich Text Format files (.rtf) can be opened and edited with almost all word processors, and also inside most browsers.
Audio files in RealAudio are compatible with a variety of programs and media: if needed, RealPlayer software for different platforms can be downloaded for free at http://www.real.com.
Audio files in mp3 can be played on different platforms and different media. If you need assistance identifying the software you need, please contact me.
If your Internet connection is slow, you can estimate the size of the mp3 and RealAudio files that you find on this page using this simple formula: 4' = 1 MB.
In order to take the online tests, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls.

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Week 1 (Jan. 22-24)

Topics
0.1 A general overview of the class; the web site; the syllabus.
0.2 The paper: recommendations and ideas, format, topics, drafts. Plagiarism, with examples.
0.3 The final exam. Preparing for the exam.
1.1 Different Italians. The South and the North of Italy. (**)
1.2 The slow process of political unification. (**)
1.3 Dual identities throughout Italian history. Unifying factors in Italian civilization. (***)
1.4 "La parola Italia" [The word Italy]. (***)
1.5 Obstacles along the path to Italy's cultural and political unification: geography and history. (**)
1.6 Italian proverbs and the strength of local cultures/identities. (**)
1.7 The Italian national anthem. Giorgio Gaber's song "I don't feel Italian" (2003). (**)
1.8 The Italian flag. The emblem of the Italian Republic. (**)
1.9 National Italian identity and the issue of language. Standard Italian: its components. Standard Italian and literature. Tuscan, Florentine and Italian literature, culture and society. Literary Tuscan and Italian culture/society. (***)
1.10 Neolatin vernaculars in Italy. Examples of present-day Italian dialects. (*)
1.11 Body language in Italian society. Excerpts from "Gesture in Italian Speech," by Laura Raffa. Italian gestures. (*)
1.12 Bilingualism and diglossia in Italy. Bilingualism in the emigrant Italian communities. (**)
1.13 Foreign languages spoken in Italy.

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 1 in .html (Web version)
- Week 1 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 1 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 1 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 3.2 MB); Week 1 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 3.2 MB)
- Week 1 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 1 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Introduction and announcements (Monday) (3')
- Q&A on various topics, related to Italian culture and society (21')
- 0.1 The class, the web site, the syllabus (32')
- Questions about the class (5')
- Introduction and announcements (Wednesday) (4')
- Topics 0.2-0.3, slides 4-12: the paper; the final exam (24')
- Topics 1.1-1.3 and 1.9-1.10, slides 13-30, 56-63: different Italians (39')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Introduction and announcements (Monday) (3')
- Q&A on various topics, related to Italian culture and society (21')
- 0.1 The class, the web site, the syllabus (32')
- Questions about the class (5')
- Introduction and announcements (Wednesday) (4')
- Topics 0.2-0.3, slides 4-12: the paper; the final exam (24')
- Topics 1.1-1.3 and 1.9-1.10, slides 13-30, 56-63: different Italians (39')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on crucial issues in Italian civilization (6 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- You can listen to 2 clips from the song "Io non mi sento italiano", by Giorgio Gaber (2003): "I, G. G., was born and live in Milan..." (.mp3, 33", stereo); "I am sorry Mr. President..." (.mp3, 23", stereo).
- Listen to the Italian national anthem (scroll the page up a few lines, and then click on the link inside the gray box, above the lyrics, where you see the words "ascolta l'inno").
- From The New York Times (March 31, 2002): "In Italy, a Busy Crossroads of History" By Frederika Randall (free registration required; otherwise, click here to see the article in Acrobat format, no editing or printing allowed). This is a very simple piece from the travel section of the New York Times, highlighting the beauty of the region of Apulia and reminding the reader, through short statements by local Italians and simple historical references, how complex and rich the history of a small Italian region can be.
- if you want to see political and historical maps of Italy, you can visit this site http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/italy.html, or click here for an interactive map, where you can zoom from the entire peninsula to the map of a single city, with its main streets and the various neighborhood.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, ed. By George Holmes, read the Editor's Foreword (pp. v-vii). (*)

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Week 2 (Jan. 29-31)

Topics
2.1 Statistics and data about modern Italy.
2.2 OECD: demographics, population (1989-2004). Demographics, by age (1960-1999). Ageing societies (2005, 2020). Foreign population (1989-2002). Population growth rate (1993-2003). Public support per child in the EU. (**)
2.3 Gross Domestic Product (2002). Average economic growth of real GDP (1991-2005). (*)
2.4 Unemployment rates (1991-2003). Part-time employment (1991-2003). (*)
2.5 Government deficits (1991-2003).
2.6 Expenditure on R&D (1995-2000).
2.7 The Italian census of 2001: demographics, families. Foreign-born residents. Geographic distribution. Distribution by municipality. Internal migration. (***)
2.8 Chronology of Italian civilization. The Roman/Latin Era (753 BCE-476 CE). (*)
2.9 The Middle Ages (476-1375). The preservation of medieval culture and the revival of medieval traditions in Tuscany. Neo-guelphism. Maurice Hewlett and the Anglo-American travelers from the early 1900s. (***)
2.10 Humanism (1375-1475): culture and the arts. Socio-political trends. (**)
2.11 Renaissance (1476-1550): political events. (**)
2.12 Modernity (1551-1861): culture and politics. (*)
2.13 The last 150 years: unification; the monarchy; the two World Wars; fascism; the Republic. (**)
2.14 Federalism: the Northern League. The reform of the Constitution: the federal Senate. The Assembly of the Republic. (**)
2.15 Italy and Europe. The foundation of the European Union. 1973-1995: the European Union grows. 2003-2006: the EU 27. The European Union and the euro. (**)
2.16 The main institutions of the EU. (***)
2.17 What kind of federation will the European Union become? Italy's positions. The issue of language. (*)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 2 in .html (Web version)
- Week 2 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 2 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 2 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 4.2 MB); Week 2 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 4.2 MB)
- Week 2 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 2 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Q&A on the differences between the South and the North of Italy (17')
- Updates to the class Web site. The interactive online tests, to be used for review (7')
- Topic 1.2, slides 21-23: Italians fighting on different sides (21')
- Topic 1.4, slides 31-33: The word Italy (notes on a 2001 conference) (14')
- Topic 1.5, slides 34-39: the geography of Italy (12')
- Topic 1.6, slides 40-46: stereotypes in Italian proverbs and sayings (6')
- Topics 1.7-1.8, slides 47-55: the national anthem, the flag and the emblem of the Italian republic (20')
- Topics 1.9-1.13, slides 56-71: the national Italian identity and the issue of the language (9')
- Topics 2.1-2.6, slides 2-17: statistics and data about modern Italy (25')
- Topic 2.7, slides 18-23: the Italian census of 2001 (12')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Q&A on the differences between the South and the North of Italy (17')
- Updates to the class Web site. The interactive online tests, to be used for review (7')
- Topic 1.2, slides 21-23: Italians fighting on different sides (21')
- Topic 1.4, slides 31-33: The word Italy (notes on a 2001 conference) (14')
- Topic 1.5, slides 34-39: the geography of Italy (12')
- Topic 1.6, slides 40-46: stereotypes in Italian proverbs and sayings (6')
- Topics 1.7-1.8, slides 47-55: the national anthem, the flag and the emblem of the Italian republic (20')
- Topics 1.9-1.13, slides 56-71: the national Italian identity and the issue of the language (9')
- Topics 2.1-2.6, slides 2-17: statistics and data about modern Italy (25')
- Topic 2.7, slides 18-23: the Italian census of 2001 (12')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on statistics and data about modern Italy (5 multiple-choice questions)
Quiz on the general overview of Italian civilization (7 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- There are numerous links inside today's presentation.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- Andrea Fedi, "Maurice Hewlett and Tuscany's hidden treasures". (**)

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Week 3 (Feb. 5-7)

Topics
3.1 Italy 1000 BCE -- 400 BCE. The Etruscans: geography and basic historical facts. The Etruscans and the Romans. (**)
3.2 Excerpts from The Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria by George Dennis (London, 1848). (***)
3.3 Some texts on Etruscan civilization and today's Tuscany.
3.4 The Indo-Europeans arrive in Italy. Indo-European languages: the latest theories. (*)
3.5 Early Italy: the Greeks. (**)
3.6 Contributions by the Greeks to Roman civilization. Foundational myths of the Romans: Romulus and Remus, Aeneas. (***)
3.7 The Griko dialect and the Italian Greeks. (*)
3.8 The Carthaginians. (**)
3.9 Early Italy: other cultures and peoples. (**)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 3 in .html (Web version)
- Week 3 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 3 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 3 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 4 MB); Week 3 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 4.1 MB)
- Week 3 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 3 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 2.8, slides 24-28: overview of Italian civilization, the Roman era (21')
- Topic 2.9, slides 29-30: the Middle Ages (15')
- Topic 2.9, slides 31-36: the preservation of medieval culture (23')
- Topics 2.10-2.17, slides 37-64: other periods in Italian civilization (6')
- Topic 3.1, slides 2-7: general introduction; the Etruscans and their civilization (29')
- Topic 3.2, slides 8-16: The Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria by George Dennis (18')
- Topic 3.4, slides 18-24: the Indo-Europeans (10')
- Topics 3.5-3.6, slides 25-28: civilizations in ancient Italy, the Greeks (15')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 2.8, slides 24-28: overview of Italian civilization, the Roman era (21')
- Topic 2.9, slides 29-30: the Middle Ages (15')
- Topic 2.9, slides 31-36: the preservation of medieval culture (23')
- Topics 2.10-2.17, slides 37-64: other periods in Italian civilization (6')
- Topic 3.1, slides 2-7: general introduction; the Etruscans and their civilization (29')
- Topic 3.2, slides 8-16: The Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria by George Dennis (18')
- Topic 3.4, slides 18-24: the Indo-Europeans (10')
- Topics 3.5-3.6, slides 25-28: civilizations in ancient Italy, the Greeks (15')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on ancient civilizations in Italy (5 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- There are numerous links inside today's presentation.
- The Etruscan World: a very well-organized and informative virtual exhibition, from the University of Pennsylvania Museum.
- The Etruscans: basic Web site of the Mugello Valley archeological project (very interesting, plenty of pictures).
- Read the Introduction to an 1848 book on the Etruscans, written by George Dennis (it's in two parts, whose links are posted here): Introduction, Part I; Introduction, Part II.
- Or, instead of the introduction, you can read the following chapter from that book, Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria (even this is in two parts, linked here): Chap. XVIII, Part I; Chap. XVIII, Part II.
Keep in mind that our goal, when reading from George Dennis, is not primarily to learn about the Etruscans, but to get a better understanding of the representation and the appreciation of Pre-Roman civilizations in modern Western culture.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 1-15. (*)

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Week 4 (Feb. 12-14)

Topics
4.1 More on the foundational myths of the Romans. (***)
4.2 Characteristics of the ancient Romans. (**)
4.3 What remains of Roman civilization. (***)
4.4 Pompeii.
4.5 Roman law. The idea of a secular state. Written laws, precedents, the discretion of judges. Judges and jurists. Law and society. Public and private law. Justinian. (**)
4.6 The Calendar. (*)
4.7 The American Founding Fathers and Rome. The US as the new Rome. Palladio. Jefferson in France. The US Capitol. George Washington as Cincinnatus. (**)
4.8 Neoclassical architecture in the US. (*)
4.9 Neoclassical architecture in the US: bibliographical sources.
4.10 "There's Nothing Conservative About the Classics' Revival," by Garry Wills (NYT, 1997). Women studies. Multiculturalizing the canon. Subversive classics. Intentional omissions and the notion of a "classical age." Multiculturalism in the Aeneid. Black Athena. The study of Latin. Classics in translation. (***)
4.11 The classics in the Italian curriculum. (**)
4.12 Classical architecture in Italy: barbarians and Barberinis. The vanishing of bronze statues. Marcus Aurelius. (*)
4.13 Master Gregory visits Rome. (*)
4.14 Ancient Rome: the monarchy. Gary Forsythe on the seven kings of Rome. Livy's History of Rome: Book 1, Preface. (**)
4.15 Ancient Rome: the Republic. Livy's History of Rome (Bk. 1, Preface): national character, military expansion. (**)
4.16 Social classes in Roman society. Patricians and Plebeians. (**)
4.17 Foreigners and slaves in ancient Rome. Slaves in Roman society: familia urbana. "The Cultural Significance of Roman Manumission." Slaves in the fields: familia rustica. William Fitzgerald, Slavery and the Roman Literary Imagination (2000). (**)
4.18 Meals of the Romans (from C.A.E. Luschnig, "Potes esurire mecum"). Wine, conviviality. The Roman dining room. The table napkins of the clients. Sauces made with fish or wine. Apicius's recipe book. (*)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 4 in .html (Web version)
- Week 4 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 4 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 4 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 2 MB); Week 4 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 2 MB)
- Week 4 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 4 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 3.6, slides 28-30: recap; Aeneas and the foundational myths of the Romans (29')
- Topics 3.6-3.9, slides 31-37: Romulus and Remus, the foundational myths of the Romans (24')
- Topics 4.1-4.7, slides 2-17: the relevance of Roman civilization (15')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 3.6, slides 28-30: recap; Aeneas and the foundational myths of the Romans (29')
- Topics 3.6-3.9, slides 31-37: Romulus and Remus, the foundational myths of the Romans (24')
- Topics 4.1-4.7, slides 2-17: the relevance of Roman civilization (15')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Classicism and neoclassicism - The organization of Roman society (7 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- There are numerous links inside today's presentation.
- A short, simple piece on the Roman calendar: http://www.crowl.org/Lawrence/time/months.html.
- A more elaborate site on the Roman calendar, with interesting images: http://webexhibits.org/calendars/calendar-roman.html.
- Roman art and architecture from various periods: lots of images and short commentaries: http://harpy.uccs.edu/images/roman/html/roman.html.
- A virtual exhibition on The Roman world, from the University of Pennsylvania Museum.
- To supplement your knowledge of practical aspects of Roman life, let me recommend to you this good virtual tour of a Roman "Villa rustica" located in Southern Germany (in English, quick and informative): http://www.villa-rustica.de/tour/toure.html.
- A 2003 article from the New York Times, presenting recent discoveries about the Etruscans and their civilization
- "The Young American Nation and the Classical World": an article in Acrobat format (1.9 MB), by Edwin A. Miles (Journal of the History of Ideas 35.2 [Apr.-Jun. 1974], 259-74).
- The Laws of the XII tables (in English, with notes and commentary): http://www.constitution.org/sps/sps01_1.htm.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- excerpts from the Roman historian Livy, recounting the foundational myths of the Romans. (**)

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Week 5 (Feb. 19-21)

Topics
5.1 Rome vs. Carthage (270 BCE). The 3 Punic wars. Roman historian Livy on the 2nd Punic war (bk. 21). (*)
5.2 Hannibal in popular culture. Contemporary Italian songs on Hannibal. (*)
5.3 The last 100 years of the Roman Republic. The Roman Empire. Time, history, life. Simple progress vs. constant progress. The cyclical movement of time. Cyclical time in Machiavelli's political theories. (**)
5.4 The historical novel Pompeii (2003), by Robert Harris. The main characters in the novel. The plot and the organization of the events. Historical elements and the themes associated with them. (**)
5.5 James Hay, Popular Film Culture in Fascist Italy (1987). Popularity of Roman civilization in Fascist Italy. (***)
5.6 Scipione l'africano (dir. Carmine Gallone, 1937). Fascism and the ancient Romans. Scipio and Mussolini. Mussolini and the Greco-Roman heroes. (***)
5.7 The plot of the movie Scipione l'Africano. (*)
5.8 Italy past and present in the movie Scipione l'Africano. (***)
5.9 Movie projects on Hannibal.
5.10 Spartacus and the 1951 novel by Howard Fast. (*)
5.11 The plot of the movie Spartacus. (*)
5.12 Hollywood and ancient Rome: Spartacus and Italian geography. Spartacus and the Roman empire. Romans in Spartacus. The Roman senators in Spartacus. Sex and decadence in Spartacus. The disconnect between Roman civilization and Italian history. Ethnicity in Spartacus. (**)
5.13 The plot of the movie Gladiator. (*)
5.14 Gladiator and the greatness of Rome. Gladiator and Italy. Gladiator and the themes of ambition, progress. (**)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 5 in .html (Web version)
- Week 5 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 5 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 5 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 4.9 MB); Week 5 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 4.9 MB)
- Week 5 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 5 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topics 4.8-4.10, slides 18-41: recap; the American Founding Fathers and Rome; politics and the revival of the classics (17')
- Topics 4.11-4.13, slides 42-49: the classics in the Italian curriculum and in Italian society (15')
- Topics 4.14-4.17, slides 50-67: classes and politics in Roman society; slavery (19')
- Topic 4.18, slides 68-75: food and its rituals in ancient Rome (9')
- Topics 5.1-5.2, slides 2-9: relevance of the Punic wars in Roman history and in Italian culture (29')
- Topic 5.3, slides 10-17: the last one hundred years of the Roman Republic; Q&A on slavery and various other topics (43')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topics 4.8-4.10, slides 18-41: recap; the American Founding Fathers and Rome; politics and the revival of the classics (17')
- Topics 4.11-4.13, slides 42-49: the classics in the Italian curriculum and in Italian society (15')
- Topics 4.14-4.17, slides 50-67: classes and politics in Roman society; slavery (19')
- Topic 4.18, slides 68-75: food and its rituals in ancient Rome (9')
- Topics 5.1-5.2, slides 2-9: relevance of the Punic wars in Roman history and in Italian culture (29')
- Topic 5.3, slides 10-17: the last one hundred years of the Roman Republic; Q&A on slavery and various other topics (43')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Rome vs. Carthage - Ancient Rome in fiction (4 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- There are numerous links inside today's presentation.
- This is a collection of sites about Hannibal, the great Carthaginian general who defeated the Romans on their own Italian grounds:
- A site on Hannibal, with useful information about his Roman counterpart, general Scipio Africanus: http://www.livius.org/ha-hd/hannibal/hannibal.html (plenty of interesting links, images and documents, all in English).
- Machiavelli mentioned Hannibal and Scipio in a key passage of the Prince: http://www.constitution.org/mac/prince17.htm (in English).
- A short excerpt on the assassination of Julius Caesar, from the biography written by Greek historian Plutarch: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/plutarch-caesar.html (in English).
- A page with links to each of the scenes of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar: http://the-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/julius_caesar/index.html
- Reviews of the movie Spartacus can be found at http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/Spartacus-1019544/
- If you have chosen to write a paper on the topic of Italian Fascism and ancient Rome [Topic no. 6], remember that your paper must focus on references to ancient Rome in Fascist propaganda and in Fascist culture. If you visit the following link, inside the Stony Brook library page, http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you will find, inside the database called JSTOR, plenty of articles on this topic. In particular, I recommend that you read this one: "Fascist Doctrine and the Cult of the Romanità" by Romke Visser, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Jan., 1992), pp. 5-22.
- In the Stony Brook library page, at http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you can click on the link for the database called JSTOR, to find this article (which you can read on screen, download as an Acrobat file, or print): "Cinema and the Fall of Rome" by Martin M. Winkler, Transactions of the American Philological Association (1974-), Volume 125 (1995), 135-154.
- One of the best sites available on the Roman gladiators, with relevant remarks on the movie Gladiator: http://ablemedia.com/ctcweb/consortium/gladiators.html.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- excerpts from James Hay, Popular Film Culture in Fascist Italy (password required). (**)

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Week 6 (Feb. 26-28)

Topics
See under Week 5. On Feb. 28, scenes from Scipio Africanus, Spartacus and Gladiator were shown in class, with commentary.

Lecture notes
See under Week 5.

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 5.3, slides 17-19: general overview of the topic; the end of the Roman Republic (31')
- Topic 5.3, slides 20-25: Cato; the Roman Empire; conclusion (12')
- Topic 5.4, slides 26-41: the historical novel Pompeii (2003), by Robert Harris (18')
- Topics 5.5-5.6, slides 42-49: the movie Scipione l'Africano (1937) (10')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 5.3, slides 17-19: general overview of the topic; the end of the Roman Republic (31')
- Topic 5.3, slides 20-25: Cato; the Roman Empire; conclusion (12')
- Topic 5.4, slides 26-41: the historical novel Pompeii (2003), by Robert Harris (18')
- Topics 5.5-5.6, slides 42-49: the movie Scipione l'Africano (1937) (10')

Suggested readings
- There are links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- A simple page on the life of Roman soldiers from the Web site of PBS: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/warriorchallenge/romans/profile.html.
- An interview with military strategist Edward Luttwak, on general topics, and with biographical notes linking him to Italy: he's quite a character. The interview appeared on the Financial times in 1999: http://kansalaistalo.jns.fi/tietoyhteiskunta/luttwak.htm.
- From the site of PBS, a simple page on the fortress of Masada, and its conquest by the Romans.
- If you visit the following link, inside the Stony Brook library page, http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you can click on the link for the database called JSTOR, to find these interesting articles on Tacitus and on Rome, during this period:
- Williams, Mary Frances, "Four Mutinies: Tacitus 'Annals' 1.16-30; 1.31-49 and Ammianus Marcellinus 'Res Gestae' 20.4.9-20.5.7; 24.3.1-8," Phoenix, 51.1 (Spring 1997): 44-74.
- Laupot, Eric, "Tacitus' Fragment 2: The Anti-Roman Movement of the 'Christiani' and the Nazoreans," Vigiliae Christianae, 54.3 (2000): 233-47.
- Heller, Wendy, "Tacitus Incognito: Opera as History in 'L'incoronazione di Poppea'," Journal of the American Musicological Society, 52.1, (Spring 1999), 39-96.
- Patterson, John R., "The City of Rome: From Republic to Empire," The Journal of Roman Studies 82 (1992): 186-215.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- Tacitus describes a mutiny of the Roman legions (from the Annals, Book I); (**)
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 19-26. (*)

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Week 7 (Mar. 5-7)

Topics
7.0 The Roman Empire around the year 25 BCE. (*)
7.1 Summary of the excerpts from The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire, by Edward N. Luttwak, 1976. (***)
7.2 Excerpts from The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire. The fundamentals. Superiority of the Romans? Weaponry and leadership. Political goals and the military. Political use of military power. Conserve force, advance slowly. Avoid losses whenever possible. A complex security system, hard to bring down. Deterrence. (***)
7.3 Systems of imperial security. Goals and results of the 3 systems. (***)
7.4 About the Roman infantry. Discipline and propaganda in the Roman army. The organization of the Roman army. Josephus describes the Roman army: the chain of command, the ranks. (*)
7.5 Tacitus and the idea of a decadent Roman empire.
7.6 Publius Cornelius Tacitus: his life and career. (*)
7.7 The rediscovery of Tacitus by humanists. (*)
7.8 Tacitus and Tacitism during the late Renaissance. (*)
7.9 Classical historiography. Decadence in the history books of the Romans. Roman historiography and the Senate. Roman historiography and the Emperors. (**)
7.10 The mutiny of the legions: Percennius. Tacitus' agenda. The premise. The instigator. The reaction of the soldiers. The reaction of the commanding officer. The aftermath of the first mutiny. Mutiny spreads to strategic areas of the Empire. The inadequate reaction of the Emperor; a worrysome pattern at the court. The simple strategy of Drusus, the simple minds of the soldiers. Tiberius' letter: political maneuvering, the blame game and other tricks of absolute rulers. The primitive minds of the soldiers, the casual tactics of Drusus. The superstition of the soldiers, judged by the Stoic thinker Tacitus. The massacre that ended the second mutiny, in Germany. Final considerations. (***)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 7 in .html (Web version)
- Week 7 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 7 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 7 in PowerPoint (.ppt); Week 7 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version)
- Week 7 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 7 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Lecture by guest speaker Dr. Jackie Reich, on masculinity and race in early 20th-century Italian cinema (40'; login and password required)
- Q&A with Dr. Reich (14'; login and password required)
- Topics 7.1-7.4, slides 2-23: commentary of the excerpts from The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire, by E.N. Luttwak (59')
- Topic 7.5-7.6, 7.9, slides 24-26, 33-37: Tacitus and the idea of a decadent Roman empire (9')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Lecture by guest speaker Dr. Jackie Reich, on masculinity and race in early 20th-century Italian cinema (40'; login and password required)
- Q&A with Dr. Reich (14'; login and password required)
- Topics 7.1-7.4, slides 2-23: commentary of the excerpts from The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire, by E.N. Luttwak (59')
- Topic 7.5-7.6, 7.9, slides 24-26, 33-37: Tacitus and the idea of a decadent Roman empire (9')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on the strategies of the Roman Empire, on Tacitus, and on the mutiny of the legions (6 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- You can read a very good Chapter entitled "Cosmopolis: Rome as World City", written by Catharine Edwards and Greg Woolf (from a volume edited by them, entitled Rome the Cosmopolis, Cambridge UP, 2003). It is in Acrobat format.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- Tacitus about Nero and Agrippina, the great fire of Rome and the Christians (from the Annals, Books XII, XIV and XV); (**)
- Edward Gibbon, General Observations on the Fall of the Roman Empire in the West (from The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire [1782], Vol. 3, Chapt. 38);
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 27-38. (*)

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Week 8 (Mar. 12-14)

Topics
8.1 The life of Nero: chronology of the main events. (*)
8.2 How Nero becomes Emperor at the age of 17. (**)
8.3 The murder of Agrippina. Elements of a literary tragedy inside the narration of the murder of Agrippina. Tacitus: the sin of incest, the art of innuendo. Incest, superstition, verisimile. Agrippina's theatrical death: a tragic fate. After the crime: guilt, panic, hypocrisy, escape. The responsibility and incompetence of the Senate: the opposition has high moral values, lacks a plan. The consequences of sinful behavior. (***)
8.4 Suetonius on the Golden House of Nero. Optional readings on Tacitus and Nero.
8.5 Claudio Monteverdi's opera on Nero, The Coronation of Poppaea. Nero the immoral tyrant, whose behavior affects the moral sanity of single souls. Power and personal whims. The immoral conclusion, the final duet. Ettore Petrolini's Nero (1930): a parody of Mussolini? (*)
8.6 Recent attempts to explain the fall of the Roman empire. The beginning of the end: Commodus. Septimus Severus (193-211 CE). Trade deficit, the mines, hyperinflation. Diocletian (284-305 CE): his temporary solutions. His political reforms. Living conditions in the rural areas. Reduced mobility, the Empire divided. Constantine (305-337 CE). Constantine's donation. Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom). The end. (***)
8.7 The fall of the empire in Valerio Massimo Manfredi, The Last Legion (2002). (*)
8.8 Europe and the Mediterranean after the fall of the Roman empire (circa 500 CE). (*)
8.9 Final remarks on the fall of the Roman Empire. Aldo Schiavone, The End of the Past: Ancient Rome and the Modern West (Harvard UP, 2000). (*)
8.10 More suggested readings.
8.11 Valerio Massimo Manfredi, The Last Legion (2002): the plot, the characters, the themes. Key ideas behind the book. (*)
8.12 Edward Gibbon (1737-1794) and The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776-1788). Gibbon's 'temporary' conversion to Catholicism. His 1764 visit to Rome and his decision to write about Rome. The goals of his work on Rome, and its success. Key ideas.

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 8 in .html (Web version)
- Week 8 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 8 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 8 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 2.2 MB); Week 8 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 1.8 MB)
- Week 8 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 8 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Introduction and topics 7.6-7.9, slides 26-37: Tacitus and the Roman Empire (22')
- Topic 7.10, slides 38-43: the mutiny of the legions (22')
- Topic 7.10, slides 44-60: the mutiny of the legions (18')
- General introduction and overview of Presentation 8; Topic 8.1, slides 2-4: the Emperor Nero, his mother Agrippina (40')
- Topics 8.2-8.5, slides 5-30: Nero and Agrippina; Monteverdi's opera on Nero; Petrolini's parody (1930) (29')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Introduction and topics 7.6-7.9, slides 26-37: Tacitus and the Roman Empire (22')
- Topic 7.10, slides 38-43: the mutiny of the legions (22')
- Topic 7.10, slides 44-60: the mutiny of the legions (18')
- General introduction and overview of Presentation 8; Topic 8.1, slides 2-4: the Emperor Nero, his mother Agrippina (40')
- Topics 8.2-8.5, slides 5-30: Nero and Agrippina; Monteverdi's opera on Nero; Petrolini's parody (1930) (29')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Emperor Nero and the idea of decadence - The fall of the Roman Empire (10 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- Here you find a list of references to the Emperor Nero in modern popular culture: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nero_in_popular_culture.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- St. Augustine, excerpts from The City of God: on the virtues of the ancient Romans, on God and the Roman empire; (**)
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 38-58. (*)

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Week 9 (Mar. 19-21)

Topics
9.1 The life and death of Roman poet Lucretius. (*)
9.2 Lucretius: On the Nature of Things. Atomism and materialism. Lucretius and Epicurus. (***)
9.3 Religion as a social practice in ancient Rome. The religion of ancient Romans: sacrificial offerings. Superstition. Ethics, religion and politics. (**)
9.4 Seneca and the practice of self-examination. (*)
9.5 Cato the Elder, The Harvest Ritual (circa 160 BCE). The prayer of Scipio Africanus (from Livy, History of Rome). Actual inscriptions from Roman temples. Certificate of sacrifice to the traditional pagan gods (250 CE). (*)
9.6 The ancient Romans, polytheism, and the gods of other religions. St. Paul in Athens. The deification of Roman emperors. The early Christians and the meat of the Pagans. (*)
9.7 The Roman way of life: ancient Romans and other cultures. (**)
9.8 The ancient Romans, the Jews, and the Christians. Messianism and politics. Tacitus on the Christians in Rome. (*)
9.9 Pliny's letter to the Emperor Trajan. (**)
9.10 Alexamenos and his god.
9.11 Excerpts from "Cocullo Snake charmers, A pagan and Christian tradition" by Elena Foresti. St. Anthony's feast in Capena. (*)
9.12 Excerpts from Michael Carroll, Madonnas that Maim. Popular Catholicism in Italy, Chapter 4, "The Dark Side of Holiness". (**)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 9 in .html (Web version)
- Week 9 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 9 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 9 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 2.2 MB); Week 9 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 2.2 MB)
- Week 9 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 9 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Introduction and topic 8.6, slides 31-32: trying to explain the fall of the Roman Empire (14')
- Topic 8.6, slides 33-35: Commodus, Severus and the decline of the Roman empire (19')
- Topic 8.6, slides 36-39: Diocletian's remedies and their consequences (24')
- Topics 8.6-8.11, slides 40-67: Constantine, the growth of Christianity, the fall of the Empire; Manfredi's novel on the last Roman emperor (14')
- Topics 9.1-9.3, slides 2-7: the Roman poet Lucretius, atomistic philosophy and pagan religion; Stoics and Epicureans in Rome (32')
- Topics 9.3-9.4, slides 8-14: religion in ancient Roman society (27')
- Topics 9.5-9.9, slides 15-35: various documents about religion in ancient Rome (18')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Introduction and topic 8.6, slides 31-32: trying to explain the fall of the Roman Empire (14')
- Topic 8.6, slides 33-35: Commodus, Severus and the decline of the Roman empire (19')
- Topic 8.6, slides 36-39: Diocletian's remedies and their consequences (24')
- Topics 8.6-8.11, slides 40-67: Constantine, the growth of Christianity, the fall of the Empire; Manfredi's novel on the last Roman emperor (14')
- Topics 9.1-9.3, slides 2-7: the Roman poet Lucretius, atomistic philosophy and pagan religion; Stoics and Epicureans in Rome (32')
- Topics 9.3-9.4, slides 8-14: religion in ancient Roman society (27')
- Topics 9.5-9.9, slides 15-35: various documents about religion in ancient Rome (18')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Religion in Roman culture and society (6 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- "Why did Christianity succeed?" is a good article from the site of PBS, which includes the opinions of several scholars, trying to put into perspective the growth of Christian religion during the Roman Empire: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/religion/why/appeal.html

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 58-68. (*)

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Week 10 (Mar. 28-30)

Topics
10a.1 St. Augustine (354-430). The Manicheans. St. Ambrose and the allegorical interpretation of the Bible, of faith and life. St. Augustine's conversion. The frescoes of Benozzo Gozzoli in San Gimignano. (**)
10a.2 St. Augustine on grace and salvation, on the sack of Rome, on God and the Roman Empire. How St. Augustine read the classics. Why he valued the classics. (**)
10a.3 St. Augustine: metaphors that he popularized and that are still popular among Christians. (**)
10a.4 The 4 Latin doctors of the Church, in a medieval manuscript: Augustine, Ambrose, Jerome, Gregory.
10a.5 The Temporal Reward Which God Granted To The Romans (from St. Augustine's The city of God, 5.15). Examples of the extraordinary virtues of the ancient Romans: Mucius. Ferdinand Bol, Titus Manlius Torquatus Beheading His Son (1661-63). Rubens, Mucius Scaevola and Porsenna (1620). Giambattista Tiepolo, Mucius Scaevola (1750-53). The virtues of the Romans, from The city of God. (**)
10a.6 Christianity and Roman civilization. St. Augustine and medieval culture. (**)
10a.7 Conclusions. (***)
10a.8 The Early Middle Ages: summary of the topics.
10a.9 The Middle Ages: the definition. Localization and fragmentation. Society and culture. The dark age? The originality of medieval culture. (**)
10a.10 The Eastern Roman Empire expands its influence (6th century). Charlemagne (742-814), king of the Franks. The Papacy and the Empire. (*)
10a.11 Chivalric literature. The pupi siciliani. The great modern pupari. (**)
10a.12 Italo Calvino, The castle of crossed destinies (1969). (*)
10a.13 Feudalism. The pyramid of power inside Feudalism. The castles. Lord and vassal: mutual rights and obligations. (**)


10b.1 St. Francis of Assisi (c. 1182-1226): his life. (**)
10b.2 Giotto and St. Francis of Assisi. (**)
10b.3 St. Francis of Assisi, The Canticle of the Sun. (***)
10b.4 The Canticle of the Sun: religious sources. (***)
10b.5 St. Francis and Christian religion. On perfect gladness (from the Little Flowers of St. Francis). (**)
10b.6 The theory of the four elements. The theory of the natural place. A model of the universe. Aristotle's first mover. (***)
10b.7 Aristotle in Western culture. Galileo Galilei and the followers of Aristotle. (*)
10b.8 The theory of the four elements in Hildegard of Bingen. (*)
10b.9 A modern opera on St. Francis of Assisi: excerpts from "The Vision of a Mystic" By Anthony Tommasini, NYT, Sept. 30, 2002. (*)

Lecture notes (10a)
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 10 (a) in .html (Web version)
- Week 10 (a) in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 10 (a) in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 10 (a) in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 14.2 MB); Week 10 (a) in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 14.1 MB)
- Week 10 (a) in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 10 (a) in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes (10b)
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 10 (b) in .html (Web version)
- Week 10 (b) in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 10 (b) in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 10 (b) in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 13.3 MB); Week 10 (b) in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 13.4 MB)
- Week 10 (b) in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 10 (b) in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Introduction and Q&A: on the final exam, on the consequences of falsifying a signature in the attendance list, on early submission of drafts of the paper (11')
- Topics 9.9-9.10, slides 34-36: Pliny's report on the Christians; Christianity and the "pagan" religions (16')
- Topics 9.11-9.12, slides 37-44: Christian rituals and pagan rituals, beliefs (24')
- Topics 10a.1-10a.9, slides 2-9: St. Augustine's life; the Manicheans; St. Ambrose and the allegoric interpretation of the Scriptures; Augustine's conversion (20')
- Topics 10a.2-10a.4, slides 10-17: general overview and recap: Christian ideology and classical culture, medieval culture; The City of God (27')
- Topics 10a.5-10a.7, slides 18-29: the virtues of the Romans, according to St. Augustine (30')
- Topics 10a.8-10a.12, slides 30-47: medieval history; Chivalric literature of yesterday and today (13')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Introduction and Q&A: on the final exam, on the consequences of falsifying a signature in the attendance list, on early submission of drafts of the paper (11')
- Topics 9.9-9.10, slides 34-36: Pliny's report on the Christians; Christianity and the "pagan" religions (16')
- Topics 9.11-9.12, slides 37-44: Christian rituals and pagan rituals, beliefs (24')
- Topics 10a.1-10a.9, slides 2-9: St. Augustine's life; the Manicheans; St. Ambrose and the allegoric interpretation of the Scriptures; Augustine's conversion (20')
- Topics 10a.2-10a.4, slides 10-17: general overview and recap: Christian ideology and classical culture, medieval culture; The City of God (27')
- Topics 10a.5-10a.7, slides 18-29: the virtues of the Romans, according to St. Augustine (30')
- Topics 10a.8-10a.12, slides 30-47: medieval history; Chivalric literature of yesterday and today (13')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Classicism and Christian culture - Feudalism and chivalric literature (6 multiple-choice questions)
Quiz on St. Francis of Assisi, medieval culture and society (4 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- Read one or two cantos from Ariosto's Orlando Enraged: http://omacl.org/Orlando/;
- Read a New York Times article on the great Sicilian puppeteers and their reenactments of the epic battles between Christians and Muslims: http://www.pupisiciliani.com/eng/links/nyt_sicilian_puppets.htm;
- A hypertext about Roland, with references to the Italian tradition: http://www.wordsend.org/rht/rhtindex.html;
- Watch videos (in Italian) of summer productions based on chivalric literature, from the small village of Costabona, in the Italian Apennines: http://www.costabona.it/scarica.htm;
- To learn more about St. Francis, you can look at some of the sections (in English) of the web page of the Basilica of St. Francis in Assisi: http://www.sanfrancescoassisi.org/index.php?lang=eng; I particularly recommend the chronology: http://www.sanfrancescoassisi.org/index.php?dir=storia&lang=eng&url=cronologia.htm; also of interest, the interactive map of the church, with links to all the frescoes of the life of St. Francis: http://www.sanfrancescoassisi.org/index.php?dir=arte&subdir=ciclostoriesf&lang=eng&url=index.php;
- You may also want to look at this documents: the Testament of St. Francis (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/stfran-test.html); the rule of the Franciscan order (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/stfran-rule.html); an excerpt from Thomas of Celano's Life of St. Francis (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/stfran-lives.html); the article on St. Francis from the Catholic encyclopedia (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06221a.htm).

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- St. Francis of Assisi, The Canticle of the Sun. (***)

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Week 11 (Apr. 9-11)

Topics
11.0 The medieval City-state. (**)
11.1 Dante Alighieri (1265-1321). (*)
11.2 Dante Alighieri: his works. (***)
11.3 The structure of Dante's Inferno (Hell). The world in the Middle Ages. (***)
11.4 Inferno, Canto 4. (**)
11.5 Excerpts from Italian studies in North America. Ed. by Massimo Ciavolella and Amilcare A. Iannucci. Ottawa: Dovehouse Editions, 1994. (**)
11.6 Dante and the Italian language. (**)
11.7 Inferno, Canto 5: references to classical civilization. The characters, the sources. The historical evidence. The literary sources (Dante, Boccaccio). (***)
11.8 Inferno, Canto 5: pity and attraction in Dante. Francesca speaks to Dante using the language of courtesy. Dante's reaction. The opposition between sinful literature and the new enlightening literature of the Comedy. (***)
11.9 The Dante Club: "All Literary Allusions Abandon, Ye Who Enter Here," By Janet Maslin, NYT Feb. 7, 2003. (*)
11.10 Roberto Benigni and Dante. (*)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 11 in .html (Web version)
- Week 11 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 11 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 11 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 5.2 MB); Week 11 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 5.2 MB)
- Week 11 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 11 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 10a.13, slide 53: remnants of feudal culture in Italian society, with reference to the Mafia and to the public administration in Italy (28')
- Topics 10b.1-10b.2, slides 2-13: St. Francis of Assisi, his life and the culture of his times (39')
- Topics 10b.3-10b.5, slides 14-23: analysis of a poem by St. Francis of Assisi (27')
- Topics 10b.6-10b.8, slides 24-37: the theory of the four elements (21')
- Topics 11.0-11.1, slides 2-8: life inside a city-state in the late Middle Ages; Dante's exile from Florence (14')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 10a.13, slide 53: remnants of feudal culture in Italian society, with reference to the Mafia and to the public administration in Italy (28')
- Topics 10b.1-10b.2, slides 2-13: St. Francis of Assisi, his life and the culture of his times (39')
- Topics 10b.3-10b.5, slides 14-23: analysis of a poem by St. Francis of Assisi (27')
- Topics 10b.6-10b.8, slides 24-37: the theory of the four elements (21')
- Topics 11.0-11.1, slides 2-8: life inside a city-state in the late Middle Ages; Dante's exile from Florence (14')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Dante, medieval culture and society (9 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- Digital Dante at Columbia, http://dante.ilt.columbia.edu/; includes links on Dante's Comedy and the arts (something similar, in Italian, here: http://www.italica.rai.it/principali/dante/)
- Professor Charles Franco's page on Dante, http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/index.htm, with more links, and a translation of the Divine Comedy, with footnotes. To learn more about Dante's attitude towards Classical culture, after Canto 4 read an episode from Canto 26 of the Inferno, "Ulysses": http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/Inferno26.htm; consider especially the positive way in which Dante presents the character of Ulysses, from Homer's Iliad and Odyssey: focus on vv. 52-142;
- Suggested readings focusing on the content and the characters of the episode of Paolo and Francesca (Inferno, Canto 5): The Arthurian legends (http://www.bartleby.com/211/1214.html); Guinevere (http://www.english.ubc.ca/~sechard/344guen.htm); "Francesca's sweet new subversive style" (http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Italian_Studies/LD/numbers/03/fleming.html);
- A storybook romance, Dante's Paolo and Francesca (http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?ID=293); this is a site made for teachers, which includes relevant questions and significant points for analysis).
- Video clips (format: .wmv; language: Italian) from Roberto Benigni's show on the last canto of Dante's The Divine Comedy: http://www.robertobenigni.altervista.org/paradiso.htm;
- This is the address of the section of an Australian exhibit which shows the wonderful illustrations of The Divine Comedy made by William Blake: http://www.ngv.vic.gov.au/collection/international/print/b/blake/dante.html;
- An interview with Matthew Pearl about his literary thriller, The Dante Club: http://www.bostonphoenix.com/boston/news_features/qa/documents/02844054.htm;
- Another interview to Pearl, on National Public Radio (audio file, approx. 10' long): http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1180097.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- Introduction to Dante's Inferno: http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/Inferno_int.htm; (*)
- Paolo and Francesca (Canto 5): http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/Inferno5.htm (focus on the episode of the two lovers, vv. 70-142). (**)

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Week 12 (Apr. 16-18)

Topics
12.1 Giovanni Boccaccio's life. (**)
12.2 The Decameron (1348-51). The structure of the Decameron. (**)
12.3 Multiple points of view in Ciappelletto's novella (Dec. 1.1). Analysis of the novella. (***)
12.4 Pierpaolo Pasolini's movie Decameron (1971). (**)
12.5 Boccaccio's novella and its protagonist, Ciappelletto. Final remarks. (***)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 12 in .html (Web version)
- Week 12 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 12 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 12 in PowerPoint (.ppt); Week 12 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version)
- Week 12 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 12 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Recap and topic 11.2, slide 9: Dante's works and the culture of a medieval city-state (32')
- Topic 11.3, slides 10-12: the view of the universe in Dante's culture (17')
- Topics 11.4-11.8, slides 13-41: Inferno, canto 4; canto 5, Paolo and Francesca (21')
- Topics 11.9-11.10, slides 42-47: Dante in popular culture, fiction and the media (10')
- Topics 12.1-12.2, slides 2-7: Boccaccio, his life and his ideology (20')
- Topics 12.2-12.3, slides 8-14: the structure of Boccaccio's Decameron; the significance of the first novella (25')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Recap and topic 11.2, slide 9: Dante's works and the culture of a medieval city-state (32')
- Topic 11.3, slides 10-12: the view of the universe in Dante's culture (17')
- Topics 11.4-11.8, slides 13-41: Inferno, canto 4; canto 5, Paolo and Francesca (21')
- Topics 11.9-11.10, slides 42-47: Dante in popular culture, fiction and the media (10')
- Topics 12.1-12.2, slides 2-7: Boccaccio, his life and his ideology (20')
- Topics 12.2-12.3, slides 8-14: the structure of Boccaccio's Decameron; the significance of the first novella (25')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Boccaccio and the transition from medieval culture to humanism (5 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- The Decameron Web, at Brown University, contains a lot of useful material on Boccaccio and his masterpiece: http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Italian_Studies/dweb/dweb.shtml;
- Read about the Plague epidemic of 1348 in Florence: http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Italian_Studies/dweb/plague/index.shtml;
- Read the description of the 1348 plague epidemic, from Boccaccio's Decameron: http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/decameron/engDecShowText.php?myID=d01intro&expand=day01.

Required readings
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 76-85; (*)
- the first novella from Boccaccio's Decameron, the novella of Ciappelletto (link points to an external server, which may be slow at times). (***)

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Week 13 (Apr. 23-25)

Topics
13.0 Humanism. Italy during the Renaissance. (***)
13.1 The life of Leonardo. (*)
13.2 Leonardo da Vinci: the myth. Vasari's vested interest, Burckhardt's Romantic ideal. Leonardo's defects and failures. His portrait. (***)
13.3 Vasari's portrayal of the artist as an intellectual genius. The Renaissance artist as a thinker and a great man, the equal of Dukes and Kings. Leonardo's death in Vasari (1568 version, normalized to fit into the culture of the Counter-Reform). (***)
13.4 The Virgin and St. Ann, by Leonardo.
13.5 Leonardo's inventions. Excerpts from an interview with Paolo Galluzzi, curator of the exhibition "Innovative Engineers of Renaissance" (2001). Leonardo's inventions in the context of late-medieval and Renaissance technology. (**)
13.6 Final remarks on Leonardo and Vasari. (***)
13.7 References to Leonardo and to Italian civilization in Dan Brown's The DaVinci Code (2003): download this presentation in Powerpoint (.ppt) format, in Acrobat (.pdf), or in text (.txt) format.
13.8 Leonardo's 'inventions' and the projects of other engineers, from the late Middle Ages to the Renaissance: download this presentation in Powerpoint (.ppt) format (size: 32.3 MB!), or in Acrobat (.pdf) (size: 2.1 MB).

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 13 in .html (Web version)
- Week 13 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 13 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 13 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 3.7 MB); Week 13 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 3.8 MB)
- Week 13 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 13 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 12.5, slides 27-37: general considerations on the novella of Ciappelletto, and on the culture of humanism (22')
- Topic 12.3, slides 15-25: analysis of the novella of Ciappelletto (26')
- Topic 12.4, slide 26: Pierpaolo Pasolini's movie on the Decameron (5')
- Topic 13.0, slides 2-3: humanism; Italy during the Renaissance (4')
- Topic 14.0, slides 2-10: the final exam (format, contents, instructions); rules for the submission of the paper (29')
- Topics 13.1-13.3, slides 2-19: the myth of Leonardo (42')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 12.5, slides 27-37: general considerations on the novella of Ciappelletto, and on the culture of humanism (22')
- Topic 12.3, slides 15-25: analysis of the novella of Ciappelletto (26')
- Topic 12.4, slide 26: Pierpaolo Pasolini's movie on the Decameron (5')
- Topic 13.0, slides 2-3: humanism; Italy during the Renaissance (4')
- Topic 14.0, slides 2-10: the final exam (format, contents, instructions); rules for the submission of the paper (29')
- Topics 13.1-13.3, slides 2-19: the myth of Leonardo (42')

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- If you visit the following link, inside the Stony Brook library page, http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you will find, inside the database called JSTOR, plenty of articles on Leonardo. In particular, I recommend that you read these: Meyer Schapiro, "Leonardo and Freud: An Art-Historical Study," Journal of the History of Ideas 17.2 (Apr. 1956): 147-78; P.G. Aaron, Robert G. Clouse, "Freud's Psychohistory of Leonardo da Vinci: A Matter of Being Right or Left," Journal of Interdisciplinary History 13.1 (Summer 1982): 1-16; D.J. Gordon, Stephen Orgel, "Leonardo's Legend," ELH 49.2 (Summer 1982): 300-25; Michael Ann Holly, "Writing Leonardo Backwards," New Literary History 23.1 (Winter 1992): 173-211.
- Visit the English-language version of the Leonardo Museum in Vinci (Leonardo's birthplace). When it first opened, this was one of the best virtual museums on the web. Scholarly sound, informative and well organized, it shows pictures of manuscript drawings and reconstructed scale models of Leonardo's inventions.
- Learn about the controversy surrounding Leonardo's invention of the bicycle:
http://www.cyclepublishing.com/history/leonardo%20da%20vinci%20bicycle.html (in English);
http://www.bclaudios.net/Leonardo/other.html (in Italian);
- Leonardo and the Engineers of the Renaissance, the English-language version of the site of an interesting exhibition organized by the Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza, Florence;
- Visit a virtual exhibition on Leonardo, from the Museum of Science in Boston;
- Visit the Leonardo da Vinci Gallery at the Museum of Science and Technology in Milan;
- The official page of Dan Brown's novel: http://www.danbrown.com/novels/davinci_code/reviews.html;
- If you are writing your paper on Leonardo and The Da Vinci Code, I recommend these articles: "The Da Vinci Con" By Laura Miller (NYT, Feb. 22, 2004), http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B07E0DD103AF931A15751C0A9629C8B63; "Dismantling The Da Vinci Code" By Sandra Miesel (Crisis Magazine, Sep. 1, 2003), http://www.crisismagazine.com/september2003/feature1.htm; "Defenders of Christianity Rebut 'The Da Vinci Code'" By Laurie Goodstein (NYT, Apr. 27, 2004).

Required readings
- read Giorgio Vasari's Lives of the Artists: Leonardo Da Vinci (1550). (**)

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Week 14 (Apr. 30, May 2)

Topics
14.0 The final exam: format, contents, instructions. Rules for the submission of the paper.
14.1 The life of Machiavelli (1469-1527). His works. (*)
14.2 His letter to Francesco Vettori, Dec. 10, 1513. The first reference to The Prince. (**)
14.3 The Prince, dedication.
14.4 Traditional historiography and Renaissance culture. (***)
14.5 Machiavelli's experience in the field. (**)
14.6 Human nature. (**)
14.7 Analysis of The Prince, Chap. 7, New principalities acquired with help of others. (***)
14.8 From The Prince to The Godfather: references to Machiavelli in modern culture.

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Week 14 in .html (Web version)
- Week 14 in Acrobat (.pdf); Week 14 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Week 14 in PowerPoint (.ppt); Week 14 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version)
- Week 14 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Week 14 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topics 13.3, 13.6, slides 20-24, 30-33: Vasari and Leonardo; the artist during the Renaissance (29')
- Topics 13.5, 13.7-13.8, slides 26-29 etc.: Leonardo, the inventor; Leonardo in Dan Brown's novel (27')
- Topic 14.1, slide 2: Machiavelli, his life, his political career (11')
- Overview of presentation 14: Machiavelli's view of politics (46')
- Topic 14.2, slides 13-18: Machiavelli's letter to Francesco Vettori (7')
- Topic 14.7, slides 37-40: the conclusion of Chapter 7 from The Prince (6')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topics 13.3, 13.6, slides 20-24, 30-33: Vasari and Leonardo; the artist during the Renaissance (29')
- Topics 13.5, 13.7-13.8, slides 26-29 etc.: Leonardo, the inventor; Leonardo in Dan Brown's novel (27')
- Topic 14.1, slide 2: Machiavelli, his life, his political career (11')
- Overview of presentation 14: Machiavelli's view of politics (46')
- Topic 14.2, slides 13-18: Machiavelli's letter to Francesco Vettori (7')
- Topic 14.7, slides 37-40: the conclusion of Chapter 7 from The Prince (6')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Humanism and the Renaissance: on Leonardo da Vinci, Machiavelli (8 multiple-choice questions)

Suggested readings
- Dr. Roger D. Masters, science professor turned Renaissance historian (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~rmasters/), wrote two books on Machiavelli and Leonardo. Here are a few relevant links: a simple review of Fortune is a river, Masters' book on the failed Florentine project to deviate the Arno river during the siege of Pisa, in the early 1500s (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~rmasters/fourtune/review.html); Masters' other book on Leonardo and Machiavelli is entitled Machiavelli, Leonardo, and the Science of Power.
- Read about the history of the reception of Machiavelli's political theories in the Dictionary of the History of Ideas: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhiana.cgi?id=dv3-15.
- Read "The Paradox of Corrupt Yet Effective Leadership" (By Alan Ehrenhalt, NYT, Sep. 30, 2002).

Required readings
- read Chapter VII from Machiavelli's The Prince; (***)
- read Chapter VIII from The Prince; (*)
- read Chapter XVII from The Prince; (**)
- read Chapter XXV from The Prince. (*)

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Reading day (May 7)

Topics
Review session: during this class, the professor will answer any questions from the students on all topics and readings.
- All the lectures of this semester in one file (format: Acrobat; size: 14.2 MB).

Final exam (May 14)
Final exam (maximum time allowed: two hours).

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 1.4 "La parola Italia" [The word Italy] (13')
- The representation of Roman civilization in 20th-century movies (23')
- Fascism and religion (6')
- The grand strategies of the Roman Empire (11')
- Dante and Italian civilization (11')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topic 1.4 "La parola Italia" [The word Italy] (13')
- The representation of Roman civilization in 20th-century movies (23')
- Fascism and religion (6')
- The grand strategies of the Roman Empire (11')
- Dante and Italian civilization (11')

General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


Syllabus

HUI216 -- Italian Civilization Through the Ages

Course Description
The historical development of civilization in Italy with reference to literature and connection to artistic expression such as visual arts, music, and theatre.

Course Prerequisites
Advisory Prerequisite: Completion of D.E.C. category B.

Course Objectives
This course offers an overview of Italian civilization and guides the students to a better understanding of its diverse manifestations, in various cultural fields and throughout the ages (from the Romans to the Renaissance). For the most part, contents are organized chronologically, bringing together different aspects of the Italian culture (the arts -- with the inclusion of painting, sculpture, architecture and music --, philosophy and science, literature and theater); as a crucial aid, background information about the history of Italy will also be introduced. In order to make this material manageable for the students, the course will focus on themes and ideas that are representative of each phase of Italian history and that are still part of the Italian heritage. The appreciation of that heritage and a better understanding of modern/contemporary Italian society and culture will be further goals of this course.

NB: this course satisfies category I of the D.E.C.

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Instructor: Dr. Andrea Fedi.
Office hours (rm. 1148, Humanities building): Mondays and Wednesdays 5:30-6:30, Thursdays 12:30-2:00, and by appointment. Telephone: (631) 632-7449 [there is no voice-mail; to leave an urgent message you can call Marie Sweatt, the secretary of the Department of European Languages, at (631) 632-7440].
E-mail: afedi@ms.cc.sunysb.edu

Graduate Assistant: Holly Schnittger.
Office hours (rm. 1056, Humanities building): Wednesdays 1:00-2:00, and by appointment.
E-mail: hschnittger@hotmail.com

Textbook: Holmes, George, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy. Oxford University Press, 2001. [ISBN 0192854445]

Grades will be determined according to the following scale:

10% class participation and attendance
40% paper (due May 2)
50% final exam (May 14, 5:15-7:30; location: if your last name begins with A-K, go to Javits 102; if your last name begins with L-Z, go to Javits 105)

These are the numeric equivalents of the letter grades:
- 94-100 = A
- 90-93 = A-
- 87-89 = B+
- 84-86 = B
- 80-83 = B-
- 77-79 = C+
- 74-76 = C
- 70-73 = C-
- 66-69 = D+
- 60-65 = D
- 0-59 = F

Attendance is essential. Since new material is introduced with each lecture, missing even just a few classes may have a serious effect on your grades. Attendance will be monitored using an attendance sheet.

Students are expected to
- arrive for class on time and leave the classroom only at the end of class;
- engage in class discussions and activities when appropriate;
- exhibit classroom behavior that is not disruptive of the learning environment;
- secure and turn off all electronic communications and entertainment devices during class time unless otherwise directed by the course instructor.

Participation is assessed on the basis of questions and comments made during class lectures, or submitted in writing (via e-mail) and in a timely fashion to the instructor.

The final exam consists of 45-50 multiple-choice questions and 3-5 essay questions. The exam is cumulative.

Possible topics for the paper are listed in a separate section, after this syllabus. If you wish to write on a different topic, you need permission of the instructor. Minimum length for the papers is 5 pages or 1,500 words; max. length is 10 pages or 3,000 words. The paper must be typed double-space and must be emailed to the instructor by the due date. Receipt of the paper will be acknowledged via email within 24 hours. Please do not forget to include your name and ID with your paper. If you quote from the textbook or any other source, please remember that you must use quotation marks and you must provide exact references for all your sources. All students are expected to maintain the highest standards of academic honesty. There will be no excuses accepted for plagiarism, cheating, or any other act which suggests that you have not fulfilled your academic responsibilities in this course; please refer to the Web site of the Academic Judiciary Committee for further details. All suspected incidents of academic dishonesty will be vigorously pursued.

If you have a physical, psychological, medical or learning disability that may impact your course work, please contact Disability Support Services (631) 632-6748/TDY or go to http://studentaffairs.stonybrook.edu/dss/. They will determine with you what accommodations are necessary and appropriate. All information and documentation is confidential. Students who require assistance during emergency evacuation are encouraged to discuss their needs with their professors and Disability Support Services. For procedures and information go to the following web site: http://www.stonybrook.edu/ehs/fire/disabilities/asp.

Topics: for a complete list of topics, readings and assignments, visit the section entitled Lectures, on this page.

General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


Topics for the paper

For your paper, you can choose any of the following topics. If you wish to write on a different topic, you must consult me ahead of time, with an abstract or a detailed proposal, and obtain permission.

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[1] Local identities and cultures in contemporary Italian society. Their interactions with European and global frameworks. The impact on them of regulations and policies implemented by the European Union.

[2] Pre-Roman civilizations in Italy, with focus on the Greeks or the Etruscans. Cultural vestiges of the ancient world and surviving traditions. Modern characterizations of those civilizations and of their relevance for the creation of regional cultures in Tuscany and Southern Italy.

[3] The portrayal of Roman civilization in the novel Pompeii, by Robert Harris (2003). The juxtaposition of modern and classical elements.

[4] The portrayal of Roman civilization in the novel Imperium, by Robert Harris (2006). The juxtaposition of modern and classical elements.

[5] Tacitus and the idea of a decadent Roman empire.

[6] Claudio Monteverdi's opera L'incoronazione di Poppea (1642). The portrayal of Nero and its court. Monteverdi's sources.

[7] Hollywood and the representation of ancient Rome, in Ben-Hur, Spartacus, or Gladiator. References to Italy and the Italians.

[8] Italian Fascism and the exploitation of Roman history and culture in its propaganda. References to Roman civilization in fascist culture and the arts.

[9] The representation of Roman civilization and the fall of the Roman empire in Valerio Massimo Manfredi's historical novel, The Last Legion (2003).

[10] Classicism and neoclassicism in American culture, with reference to the arts (architecture, sculpture, painting) and/or to the political discourse of the Founding Fathers.

[11] The portrayal of St. Francis of Assisi in Liliani Cavani's movie Francesco (1989). Its treatment of the Franciscan sources.

[12] Matthew Pearl's novel, The Dante Club. References to Dante's Inferno, and to the reception of the Divine comedy in the US.

[13] Paolo and Francesca in Dante's Inferno 5. References to medieval culture, to the chivarlic genre and to the medieval philosophy of love. Modern reinterpretations of the story by artists and musicians.

[14] The popularity of Dante and the Divine comedy in modern times.

[15] Mercantile values and role-models for Italian society in Boccaccio's Decameron

[16] The Middle Ages in Italy, and how medieval culture and history influenced the construction of an Italian identity (national or regional).

[17] Chivalric literature in modern Italian culture, with reference to Calvino's Castle of crossed destinies, or to the Sicilian pupi (marionettes).

[18] Leonardo's image in modern culture, with reference to one or more of these books: Sigmund Freud, Leonardo and a memory of his childhood (1910); Michael Gelb, How to think like Leonardo da Vinci (1998); Dan Brown, The Da Vinci code (2003); Lewis Perdue, The Da Vinci legacy (1983, 2004).

[19] Machiavelli today, based on one or more of these books: Stanley Bing, What would Machiavelli do? The ends justify the meanness (2000); Allan Folsom, The Machiavelli covenant (2007); Michael Ledeen, Machiavelli on modern leadership. Why Machiavelli's iron rules are as timely and important today has five centuries ago (1999); Harriet Rubin, The Princessa. Machiavelli for women (1998); V., The Mafia manager: a guide to the corporate Machiavelli (1997).

[20] The representation of the Italian Renaissance (culture and society), in one or more of these novels: Sarah Dunant, The Birth of Venus (2003); Ian Caldwell and Dustin Thomason, The rule of four (2004).

General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


General bibliography, organized by topics

This bibliography is organized by topics, for general reference, and also because many of the books listed in each section can be used for different papers.

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Tacitus

Fantham, Elaine. Roman literary culture: from Cicero to Apuleius. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Scarre, Christopher. Chronicle of the Roman emperors: the reign-by-reign record of the rulers of Imperial Rome. London; New York: Thames and Hudson, 1995.

Braund, David C. Augustus to Nero: a sourcebook on Roman history, 31 BC-AD 68. Totowa: Barnes and Noble, 1985.

Barrett, Anthony. Agrippina: sex, power, and politics in the early Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.

Sinclair, Patrick. Tacitus the sententious historian: a sociology of rhetoric in Annales 1-6. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995.

Reflections of Nero: culture, history, and representation. Edited by JaŸs Elsner and Jamie Masters. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.

Luce, T. James and A.J. Woodman, eds. Tacitus and the Tacitean tradition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Auerbach, Erich. Mimesis. The Representation of Reality in Western Literature. Trans. W.R. Trask. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Women and family in the classical world

Rawson, Beryl, ed. The Family in ancient Rome: new perspectives. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986.

Bradley, K. R. Discovering the Roman family: studies in Roman social history. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Dixon, Suzanne. The Roman family. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Hallett, Judith P. Fathers and daughters in Roman society: women and the elite family. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Cantarella, Eva. Pandora's daughters: the role and status of women in Greek and Roman antiquity. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

Lekowitz, Mary R. Women's life in Greece and Rome. Compiled by Mary R. Lefkowitz and Maureen B. Fant. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

Dixon, Suzanne. The Roman mother. Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1987.

Fantham, Elaine et al. Women in the classical world: image and text. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Religion and state during antiquity

Wardman, Alan. Religion and statecraft among the Romans. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

MacMullen, Ramsay. Paganism in the Roman Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.

Lee, A. D. Pagans and Christians in late antiquity: a sourcebook. London; New York: Routledge, 2000.

Segal, Alan F. Rebecca's children: Judaism and Christianity in the Roman world. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Sordi, Marta. The Christians and the Roman Empire. Transl. by Annabel Bedini. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.

Lane Fox, Robin. Pagans and Christians. New York: Knopf, 1987.

Benko, Stephen. Pagan Rome and the early Christians. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.

Helleman, Wendy E., ed. Christianity and the classics: the acceptance of a heritage. Lanham: University Press of America, 1990.

The influence of Roman civilization on Western culture and society

Richard, Carl J. The founders and the classics: Greece, Rome, and the American Enlightenment. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1994.

Knox, Bernard. Backing into the future: the Classical tradition and its renewal. New York: W.W. Norton, 1994.

Acta Congressus Madvigiani: Hafniae MDMLIV (Proceedings of the Second International Congress of Classical Studies). Copenhagen: E. Munksgaard, 1957-1958.

Cantor, Norman. The Medieval Reader. HarperCollins, 1995.

Helleman, Wendy E., ed. Christianity and the classics: the acceptance of a heritage. Lanham: University Press of America, 1990.

Taylor, Henry O. The classical heritage of the Middle Ages. New York: F. Ungar, 1957.

Wyke, Maria. Projecting the past: ancient Rome, cinema, and history. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Roman civilization and Italian fascism

Bosworth, R.J.B. and Patrizia Dogli. Italian fascism: history, memory, and representation. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999.

Berezin, Mabel. Making the fascist self: the political culture of interwar Italy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Falasca-Zamponi, Simonetta. Fascist spectacle: the aesthetics of power in Mussolini's Italy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Hay, James. Popular film culture in Fascist Italy: the passing of the Rex. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

The Italian Renaissance

Brand, Peter and Lino Pertile. The Cambridge history of Italian literature. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Conaway Bondanella, Julia and Mark Musa, eds. The Italian Renaissance reader. New York: New American Library, 1987.

Hay, Denys. The Italian Renaissance in its historical background. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Migiel, Marilyn and Juliana Schiesari, eds. Refiguring woman: perspectives on gender and the Italian Renaissance. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Toscano, Antonio, ed. Interpreting the Italian Renaissance: literary perspectives. New York: Forum Italicum, 1991.

General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


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