HUI216.01 -- ITALIAN CIVILIZATION

General information and announcements

Archive of all the past announcements

Calendar: lectures, office hours, exams and deadlines

Lectures and assignments, readings

Week 1 | Week 2 | Week 3 | Week 4 | Week 5 | Week 6 | Week 7 | Week 8

Week 9 | Week 10 | Week 11 | Week 12 | Week 13 | Week 14 | Final review

Review sheets

Syllabus

Topics for the paper

General bibliography

Questions and comments submitted by the students

Site map of campo7


General information and announcements

Make sure to read the latest announcements regarding this class and its web pages. Announcements are labeled according to their contents:
- "[Schedule]" indicates important changes that affect the schedule of lectures and office hours (cancellations due to inclement weather, temporary changes of classroom, deadline reminders);
- "[Content]" signals new uploads, new pages, or additions and deletions to the list of readings and assignments;
- "[Technical]" refers to events that affect the functionality and availability of these pages;
- "[Other]" includes useful information about grants and awards for undergraduates, on-campus lectures and debates, etc.
Remember that, depending on the configuration of your browser, you may have to hit "Refresh" or "Reload" on your next visit in order to update the contents of this page.

This page was last updated on Oct. 12, 2006, at 12:20 PM.

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May 24 [Content] -- I have added a new page, http://campo7.com/hui21606/stats.html with some statistics (average for the paper, average for the final exam and the final grade, number of As, Bs, etc.). You can also download the final exam, in Acrobat format: the correct answers are formatted in bold.

May 19 [Schedule] -- The final grades have been submitted to SOLAR at 9:27 PM. Once the system is updated, you will be able to see your grade. Please don't write to me to know your final grade: wait for SOLAR to show the grade. You can e-mail me to know your grade for the paper or the final exam. If you wish to learn more details about your final (for ex., the number of correct multiple-choice answers), you have to come to my office and pick up the exam, either this Tuesday or during the Fall. Keep in mind that if you write to me during the next day or two, you may have to wait 24-48 hours before you receive an answer. Either tomorrow or Monday I will post some statistics (average for the paper, average for the final, number of As, Bs, etc.). Soon I will also post a copy of the final exam with the correct answers highlighted.

May 19 [Schedule] -- I am almost done. I should be able to post the final grades on SOLAR by tomorrow. I will confirm my submission in my next announcement.

May 18 [Schedule] -- I am still working on the correction of the final exams. I should be done by Saturday. If you want, you can pick up your final exam in my office on Tuesday, May 23, between 12:00 and 1:00.

May 15 [Schedule] -- You can pick up your papers in my office on Tuesday, May 16, or Wednesday, May 17, between 11:00 and 1:00.

May 13 [Contents] -- I have posted all the audio files from the lecture of April 26.

May 13 [Contents] -- I have posted all the audio files from the lecture of April 24.

May 13 [Contents] -- I have posted all the audio files from the lecture of April 19.

May 11 [Contents] -- I have posted all the audio files available for the lecture of April 17.

May 11 [Contents] -- I have posted all the audio files from the lecture of May 1.

May 11 [Contents] -- I have posted all the audio files from the lecture of May 3.

May 11 [Contents] -- I have posted all the audio files from the review session (May 8).

May 8 [Contents] -- I have uploaded a few notes for today's review session.

May 3 [Content] -- Under week 14 I have added a new Powerpoint presentation, in various formats, to help those students who are writing their paper on Dan Brown's The Da Vinci Code. I have updated the review page.

May 3 [Content] -- Under week 14 I have added today's Powerpoint presentation, in various formats.

May 1 [Content] -- The review page has been updated.

May 1 [Content] -- Under week 10 I have added copies of the midterms, with the correct answers highlighted in bold.

May 1 [Content] -- Under week 14 I have added today's Powerpoint presentation, in various formats.

Apr. 28 [Content] -- Under week 13 I have added more suggested readings on Dante. Under week 14 I have posted the last suggested and required readings, on Boccaccio, on Leonardo, and on Machiavelli.

Apr. 28 [Other] -- On Sunday, May 21, from 10 a.m. until 3:00 p.m., the Center for Italian Studies has organized its first Concorso d'Eleganza, A Celebration of Italian Automotive Excellence and Beauty (rain date, June 4, 2006). A display of "art forms on wheels" as a means of illustrating one form of Italian culture. Various Italian car clubs will be represented: Ferrari, Alfa Romeo, Maserati, Lamborghini, Lancia and Fiat. Display Cars will rally at Stony Brook University campus on the lawn directly across from the Sports Complex, John S. Toll Drive. Viewing is free and open to the public. The Center for Italian Studies is also looking for volunteers to assist the car owners, guard the cars, etc. If anyone is interested, please contact Donna Severino at the Center for Italian Studies, (631) 632-7444.

Apr. 26 [Content] -- Under week 13 I have added one more required reading.

Apr. 26 [Content] -- Under week 13 I have added today's Powerpoint presentation, in various formats.

Apr. 25 [Content] -- I have updated the Review page to include all topics and readings from the last few weeks.

Apr. 25 [Content] -- All the announcements for the month of March have been archived, and can now be found, together with all the other announcements posted from the beginning of the semester, at http://www.campo7.com/hui21606/announcements.html.

Apr. 25 [Schedule] -- I have updated the calendar to include the review session that will take place after the end of the semester, on one of the reading days, May 8. I have changed the time of the last office hour scheduled that day.

Apr. 24 [Content] -- Under weeks 12 and 13 I have added suggested and required readings.

Apr. 24 [Content] -- Under week 13 I have added today's Powerpoint presentation, in various formats.

Apr. 19 [Content] -- Under week 12 I have added today's Powerpoint presentation, in various formats.

Apr. 18 [Other] -- Center for Italian Studies Conference: "Italian Emigration Today" Saturday, April 22, 9 am-1 pm. An opportunity for recent emigres from Italy to share their personal experiences and observations and to explore together the current history of Italian emigration. Program will include Enzo Carollo, President, Euramo foods. Professors Massimo Pigliucci SBU; Giuseppe Ammendola (NYU); Antonio Iavarone (Inst.Cancer Genetics, Columbia). Also, NY/Italian Consular General Antonio Bandini and Federico Tozzi, Italy-American Chamber of Commerce. Location: Center for Italian Studies, Melville Library E4340. All are invited. Free and open to the public. Call 631-632-7444 for additional information.

Apr. 17 [Content] -- Under week 12 I have added today's Powerpoint presentation, in various formats.

Apr. 7 [Content] -- Under week 11, I have added the audio files of Wednesday's lecture (in RealAudio format), divided by topics.

Apr. 5 [Content] -- Under week 11 I have added today's Powerpoint presentation, in various formats.

Apr. 4 [Content] -- Under week 11, I have added the audio files of Monday's lecture (in RealAudio format), divided by topics.

Apr. 3 [Content] -- Under week 11 I have added today's Powerpoint presentation, in various formats.

Apr. 2 [Schedule] -- If you have missed the midterm, and you haven't contacted me yet, please to it ASAP, so that a makeup exam can be scheduled soon. For those who took the midterm last week, the exams will be returned after the Spring Break.

General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper | Review sheets


Calendar: class schedule, office hours, deadlines

Always check this site and the USB homepage for last-minute announcements about cancellations due to the weather or an emergency. The University Emergency Operations Center (EOC) allows you to monitor the latest forecasts, provides detailed notifications and updated information. As an alternative, you can rely on WUSB 90.1 FM Radio, Campus Cable Channel 8, News 12 and other local media stations.

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May 23, Tuesday
12:00-1:00, you can pick up your final exam, in my office (Humanities bldg., rm. 1148).

General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper | Review sheets


Lectures and assignments, required and optional readings

This list may be subject to minor changes and adjustments during the semester.
Required readings, together with class lectures and presentations, include all the topics covered in the exams.
Suggested readings may be used for the topics and subtopics of the paper or to pursue personal interests.
Lecture notes in HTML can be viewed online with most Internet browsers.
If you would rather see/print the notes in PowerPoint (.ppt), and you don't have a copy of that software, you can click here to download Microsoft's free PowerPoint viewer for Windows. Click here for the Macintosh edition of the PowerPoint viewer.
For the Acrobat (.pdf) version, you can download the latest version of the free Acrobat Reader, for Windows, MAC or Unix/Linux, from Adobe.
Text (.txt) and Rich Text Format files (.rtf) can be opened and edited with almost all word processors.
Audio files in RealAudio are compatible with a variety of programs and media: if needed, RealPlayer software for different platforms can be downloaded for free at http://www.real.com.
Audio files in mp3 can be played on different platforms and different media. If you need assistance identifying the software you need, please contact me.

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Review session (May 8)

Topics (May 8)
27.0 The final: format and contents. The papers.
27.1 Review, in preparation for the final exam.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this session, in any one of these formats:
- review notes in .html, Web version: Monday, May 8.
- review notes in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, May 8.
- review notes in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, May 8.
- review notes in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, May 8.
- review notes in plain text (.txt): Monday, May 8.
- all the presentations from weeks 1 and 8-14, in Acrobat format (.pdf), inside one big file (size: 11.1 MB).

Audio files from the review session of May 8:
- Announcements and introduction (4' RealAudio);
- The theory of the four elements, St. Francis of Assisi, medieval culture (13' RealAudio);
- What dates are important to remember for the exam? (1' RealAudio);
- The early centuries of Christianity (22' RealAudio);
- The Christians and Greco-Roman civilization (5' RealAudio);
- Machiavelli, his life, his political career, Chapt. 7 of The Prince (30' RealAudio);
- 22.7 Dante and the Italian canon (3' RealAudio).

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Week 14 (May 1, May 3)

Topics (May 1)
24.0 Announcements. Concorso d'Eleganza. The submission of the paper. The final exam.
24.1 Humanism.
24.2 Italy during the Renaissance.
24.3 The life of Leonardo, from http://www.mos.org/leonardo/bio.html.
24.4 Leonardo da Vinci: the myth. Vasari's vested interest, Burckhardt's Romantic ideal. Leonardo’s defects and failures. His portrait.
24.5 Vasari's portrayal of the artist as an intellectual genius. The Renaissance artist as a thinker and a great man, the equal of Dukes and Kings. Leonardo's death in Vasari (1568 version, normalized to fit into the culture of the Counter-Reform).
24.6 The Virgin and St. Ann, 1510.
24.7 Leonardo's inventions. Excerpts from an interview with Paolo Galluzzi, curator of the exhibition "Innovative Engineers of Renaissance" (2001).
24.8 Final remarks on Leonardo and Vasari.
24.9 Appendix: Leonardo's inventions in the context of late-Medieval and Renaissance technology: please download this collection of images in Acrobat format (2.1 MB), not in Powerpoint format (36 MB!).

Topics (May 3)
25.0 Announcements.
25.1 The life of Machiavelli (1469-1527).
25.2 Machiavelli: other works.
25.3 His letter to Francesco Vettori, Dec. 10, 1513.
25.4 The prince, dedication.
25.5 Traditional historiography.
25.6 Renaissance culture.
25.6 Vasari's Life of Leonardo.
25.7 Machiavelli's experience.
25.8 Human nature.
25.9 Chap. 7, New principalities acquired with help of others. The first conclusion, with a positive judgment of Borgia's actions. The second and final set of statements, with a different assessment of Borgia's actions (multiple points of views).
26.1 References to Leonardo and to Italian civilization in Dan Brown's The Da Vinci Code (2003): download this presentation in Powerpoint (.ppt) format, in Acrobat (.pdf), or in text (.txt) format.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 14 in .html, Web version: Monday, May 1, and Wednesday, May 3.
- week 14 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, May 1, and Wednesday, May 3.
- week 14 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, May 1 (size: 4.4 MB), and Wednesday, May 3.
- week 14 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, May 1, and Wednesday, May 3.
- week 14 in plain text (.txt): Monday, May 1, and Wednesday, May 3.

Audio files from the lecture of May 1:
- Announcements (9' RealAudio);
- Boccaccio and the new culture of the merchants; the novella of Federigo degli Alberighi (15' RealAudio);
- The Decameron (7' RealAudio);
- 23.5-23.6 The novella of Ciappelletto (Dec. 1.1) (30' RealAudio);
- 23.7 Pierpaolo Pasolini's Decameron (1971) (4' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of May 3:
- Announcements and introduction (2' RealAudio);
- 24.1 Humanism (13' RealAudio);
- 24.2 Italy during the Renaissance (3' RealAudio);
- 24.3-24.4 Leonardo (11' RealAudio);
- 24.4-24.5 The myth of Leonardo (15' RealAudio);
- 24.7 Leonardo's inventions (9' RealAudio);
- 26.1 References to Leonardo in Dan Brown's The Da Vinci Code (1' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- The Decameron Web, at Brown University, contains a lot of useful material on Boccaccio and his masterpiece: http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Italian_Studies/dweb/dweb.shtml;
- Read about the Plague epidemic of 1348 in Florence: http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Italian_Studies/dweb/plague/index.shtml;
- Read the description of the 1348 plague epidemic, from Boccaccio's Decameron: http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/decameron/engDecShowText.php?myID=d01intro&expand=day01.
- Dr. Roger D. Masters, science professor turned Renaissance historian (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~rmasters/), wrote two books on Machiavelli and Leonardo. Here are a few relevant links: a simple review of Fortune is a river, Masters' book on the failed Florentine project to deviate the Arno river during the siege of Pisa, in the early 1500s (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~rmasters/fourtune/review.html). A page on the same subject, with a link to an interesting 28' audio commentary produced by David Swatling for Netherlands Radio (Jun. 2003); it includes an interview with Dr. Masters (starts about five minutes into the RealAudio file): http://www.rnw.nl/special/en/html/030601leo.html; Masters' other book on Leonardo and Machiavelli is entitled Machiavelli, Leonardo, and the Science of Power;
- If you visit the following link, inside the Stony Brook library page, http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you will find, inside the database called JSTOR, plenty of articles on Leonardo. In particular, I recommend that you read these: Meyer Schapiro, "Leonardo and Freud: An Art-Historical Study," Journal of the History of Ideas 17.2 (Apr. 1956): 147-78; P.G. Aaron, Robert G. Clouse, "Freud's Psychohistory of Leonardo da Vinci: A Matter of Being Right or Left," Journal of Interdisciplinary History 13.1 (Summer 1982): 1-16; D.J. Gordon, Stephen Orgel, "Leonardo's Legend," ELH 49.2 (Summer 1982): 300-25; Michael Ann Holly, "Writing Leonardo Backwards," New Literary History 23.1 (Winter 1992): 173-211.
- Visit the English-language version of the Leonardo Museum in Vinci (Leonardo's birthplace). When it first opened, this was one of the best virtual museums on the web. Scholarly sound, informative and well organized, it shows pictures of manuscript drawings and reconstructed scale models of Leonardo's inventions.
- Leonardo and the Engineers of the Renaissance, the English-language version of the site of an interesting exhibition organized by the Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza, Florence;
- Visit a virtual exhibition on Leonardo, from the Museum of Science in Boston;
- Visit the Leonardo da Vinci Gallery at the Museum of Science and Technology in Milan;
- The official page of Dan Brown's nove: http://www.danbrown.com/novels/davinci_code/reviews.html;
If you are writing your paper on Leonardo and The Da Vinci Code, I recommend these articles: "The Da Vinci Con" By Laura Miller (NYT, Feb. 22, 2004), http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B07E0DD103AF931A15751C0A9629C8B63; "Dismantling The Da Vinci Code" By Sandra Miesel (Crisis Magazine, Sep. 1, 2003), http://www.crisismagazine.com/september2003/feature1.htm; "Defenders of Christianity Rebut 'The Da Vinci Code'" By Laurie Goodstein (NYT, Apr. 27, 2004);
- Read about the history of the reception of Machiavelli's political theories in the Dictionary of the History of Ideas: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhiana.cgi?id=dv3-15;
- Read "The Paradox of Corrupt Yet Effective Leadership" (By Alan Ehrenhalt, NYT, Sep. 30, 2002).

Required readings
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 76-85;
- Read Giorgio Vasari's Lives of the Artists: Leonardo Da Vinci (1550);
- Read Chapter VII from Machiavelli's The Prince;
- Read Chapter VIII from The Prince;
- Read Chapter XVII from The Prince;
- Read Chapter XXV from The Prince.

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Week 13 (Apr. 24, Apr. 26)

Topics (Apr. 24)
22.0 Announcements. The midterm: final results. Summary of topics: the Italian Middle Ages and Dante.
22.1 The medieval City-state (commune, it. comune).
22.2 Dante Alighieri (1265-1321).
22.3 Florence, Orsanmichele.
22.4 Dante Alighieri: his works.
22.5 The structure of Dante's Inferno (Hell).
22.6 Inferno, Canto 4.
22.7 Excerpts from Italian studies in North America. Ed. by Massimo Ciavolella and Amilcare A. Iannucci. Ottawa: Dovehouse Editions, 1994.
22.8 Dante and the Italian language.
22.9 Inferno, Canto 5: references to classical civilization.
22.10 Canto 5: the characters, the sources. The historical evidence.
22.11 Canto 5: the literary sources (Dante, Boccaccio).
22.12 Inferno, Canto 5: pity and attraction in Dante. Francesca speaks to Dante using the language of courtesy. Dante's reaction. The opposition between sinful literature and the new enlightening literature of the Comedy.
22.13 The Dante Club: "All Literary Allusions Abandon, Ye Who Enter Here," By Janet Maslin, NYT Feb. 7, 2003.
22.14 Roberto Benigni and Dante.

Topics (Apr. 26)
23.0 Announcements. The final exam: topics, format and grading; instructions and rules.
23.1 The world in the Middle Ages.
23.2 The house of Dante in Florence.
23.3 Giovanni Boccaccio's life.
23.4 The Decameron (1348-51). The structure of the Decameron.
23.5 Multiple points of view in Ciappelletto's novella (Dec. 1.1).
23.6 Analysis of the novella.
23.7 Pierpaolo Pasolini's Decameron (1971).
23.8 Boccaccio's novella and its protagonist, Ciappelletto.
23.9 Boccaccio's novella: final notes.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 13 in .html, Web version: Monday, Apr. 24, and Wednesday, Apr. 26.
- week 13 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Apr. 24, and Wednesday, Apr. 26.
- week 13 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Apr. 24 (size: 5.5 MB), and Wednesday, Apr. 26 (size: 1.7 MB).
- week 13 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, Apr. 24, and Wednesday, Apr. 26.
- week 13 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Apr. 24, and Wednesday, Apr. 26.

Audio files from the lecture of April 24:
- Announcements (11' RealAudio);
- 22.1 The medieval City-state, Dante's Florence (19' RealAudio);
- 22.3 Florence, Orsanmichele (4' RealAudio);
- 22.2 Dante's life (5' RealAudio);
- 22.4, 22.8 Dante Alighieri: his works, his theories on the Italian language (20' RealAudio);
- 22.6, 22.10 Canto 4 and Canto 5 of Dante's Inferno (11' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of April 26:
- Announcements (17' RealAudio);
- 23.1 Models of the world and the universe in medieval culture (20' RealAudio);
- 22.5 The structure of Dante's Inferno (1' RealAudio);
- 22.4 More on Dante Alighieri and his works (11' RealAudio);
- 22.10-22.12 More on Canto 5, from Dante's Inferno (14' RealAudio);
- Giovanni Boccaccio, the epidemic of plague of 1348 (7' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- Digital Dante at Columbia, http://dante.ilt.columbia.edu/; includes links on Dante's Comedy and the arts (something similar, in Italian, here: http://www.italica.rai.it/principali/dante/)
- Professor Charles Franco's page on Dante, http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/index.htm, with more links, and a translation of the Divine Comedy, with footnotes. To learn more about Dante's attitude towards Classical culture, after Canto 4 read an episode from Canto 26 of the Inferno, "Ulysses": http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/Inferno26.htm; consider especially the positive way in which Dante presents the character of Ulysses, from Homer's Iliad and Odyssey: focus on vv. 52-142;
- Suggested readings focusing on the content and the characters of the episode of Paolo and Francesca (Inferno, Canto 5): The Arthurian legends (http://www.bartleby.com/211/1214.html); Guinevere (http://www.english.ubc.ca/~sechard/344guen.htm); "Francesca's sweet new subversive style" (http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Italian_Studies/LD/numbers/03/fleming.html);
- A storybook romance, Dante's Paolo and Francesca (http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?ID=293); this is a site made for teachers, which includes relevant questions and significant points for analysis).
- Video clips (format: .wmv; language: Italian) from Roberto Benigni's show on the last canto of Dante's The Divine Comedy: http://www.robertobenigni.altervista.org/paradiso.htm;
- This is the address of the section of an Australian exhibit which shows the wonderful illustrations of The Divine Comedy made by William Blake: http://www.ngv.vic.gov.au/collection/international/print/b/blake/dante.html;
- An interview with Matthew Pearl about his literary thriller, The Dante Club: http://www.bostonphoenix.com/boston/news_features/qa/documents/02844054.htm;
- Another interview to Pearl, on National Public Radio (audio file, approx. 10' long): http://discover.npr.org/rundowns/segment.jhtml?wfId=1180097.

Required readings
- Introduction to Dante's Inferno: http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/Inferno_int.htm;
- Paolo and Francesca (Canto 5): http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/Inferno5.htm (focus on the episode of the two lovers, vv. 70-142);
- The first novella from Boccaccio's Decameron, the novella of Ciappelletto (link points to an external server, which may be slow at times).

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Week 12 (Apr. 17, Apr. 19)

Topics (Apr. 17)
20.0 Announcements and introduction.
20.1 The Middle Ages: the definition. Localization and fragmentation. Society and culture.
20.2 The Middle Ages: the dark age? The originality of medieval culture.
20.3 The Eastern Roman Empire expands its influence (6th century).
20.4 Charlemagne (742-814), king of the Franks.
20.5 Papacy and the Empire.
20.6 Chivalric literature. The pupi siciliani. The great modern pupari.
20.7 Italo Calvino, The castle of crossed destinies (1969).
20.8 Feudalism. The pyramid of power inside Feudalism. The castles. Lord and vassal: mutual rights and obligations.

Topics (Apr. 19)
21.0 Announcements. The midterm.
21.1 St. Francis of Assisi (c. 1182-1226): his life.
21.2 Giotto and St. Francis of Assisi.
21.3 St. Francis of Assisi, The Canticle of the Sun.
21.4 The Canticle of the Sun: religious sources.
21.5 St. Francis and Christian religion. On perfect gladness (from the Little Flowers of St. Francis).
21.6 The theory of the four elements. The theory of the natural place. A model of the universe. Aristotle's first mover.
21.7 Aristotle in Western culture. Galileo Galilei and the followers of Aristotle.
21.8 Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179).
21.9 A modern opera on St. Francis of Assisi: excerpts from "The Vision of a Mystic" By Anthony Tommasini, NYT, Sept. 30, 2002.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 12 in .html, Web version: Monday, Apr. 17, and Wednesday, Apr. 19.
- week 12 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Apr. 17, and Wednesday, Apr. 19.
- week 12 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Apr. 17 (size: 5.8 MB), and Wednesday, Apr. 19 (size: 8.4 MB).
- week 12 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, Apr. 17, and Wednesday, Apr. 19.
- week 12 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Apr. 17, and Wednesday, Apr. 19.

Audio files from the lecture of April 17 (due to a problem with the batteries, this is all that was recorded that day):
- 20.2-20.6 The Middle Ages, medieval culture, chivalric literature (24' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of April 19:
- Announcements (7' RealAudio);
- St. Francis of Assisi, his life and times (4' RealAudio);
- Chivalry and feudalism: the knights in medieval society, culture (11' RealAudio);
- Chivalry and religion: St. Francis' life and ideals (10' RealAudio);
- St. Francis and religion, Giotto and the frescoes in Assisi (20' RealAudio);
- 21.4-21.5 The Canticle of the Sun: religious sources; On perfect gladness (10' RealAudio);
- 21.6-21.7 The theory of the four elements; Aristotle in Western culture (8' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- There are several links inside the PowerPoint presentations (see above).
- Read one or two cantos from Ariosto's Orlando Enraged: http://omacl.org/Orlando/;
- Read a New York Times article on the great Sicilian puppeteers and their reenactments of the epic battles between Christians and Muslims: http://www.pupisiciliani.com/eng/links/nyt_sicilian_puppets.htm;
- A hypertext about Roland, with references to the Italian tradition: http://www.wordsend.org/rht/rhtindex.html;
- Watch videos (in Italian) of summer productions based on chivalric literature, from the small village of Costabona, in the Italian Apennines: http://www.costabona.it/scarica.htm;
- To learn more about St. Francis, you can look at some of the sections (in English) of the web page of the Basilica of St. Francis in Assisi: http://www.sanfrancescoassisi.org/index.php?lang=eng; I particularly recommend the chronology: http://www.sanfrancescoassisi.org/index.php?dir=storia&lang=eng&url=cronologia.htm; also of interest, the interactive map of the church, with links to all the frescoes of the life of St. Francis: http://www.sanfrancescoassisi.org/index.php?dir=arte&subdir=ciclostoriesf&lang=eng&url=index.php;
- You may also want to look at this documents: the Testament of St. Francis (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/stfran-test.html); the rule of the Franciscan order (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/stfran-rule.html); an excerpt from Thomas of Celano's Life of St. Francis (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/stfran-lives.html); the article on St. Francis from the Catholic encyclopedia (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06221a.htm).

Required readings
- St. Francis of Assisi, The Canticle of the Sun;
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 58-68.

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Week 11 (Apr. 3, Apr. 5)

Topics (Apr. 3)
18.0 Announcements.
18.1 The ancient Romans, polytheism, and the gods of other religions. St. Paul in Athens. The deification of Roman emperors. The early Christians and the meat of the Pagans.
18.2 The Roman way of life: ancient Romans and other cultures.
18.3 The ancient Romans, the Jews, and the Christians. Messianism and politics.
18.4 Tacitus on the Christians in Rome.
18.5 Pliny's letter to the Emperor Trajan.
18.6 Alexamenos and his god.
18.7 Excerpt from "Cocullo Snake charmers, A pagan and Christian tradition" by Elena Foresti. St. Anthony's feast in Capena.
18.8 Excerpts from Michael Carroll, Madonnas that Maim. Popular Catholicism in Italy, Chapter 4, "The Dark Side of Holiness".
18.9 St. Augustine (354-430). The Manicheans. St. Ambrose and the allegorical interpretation of the Bible, of faith and life. St. Augustine’s conversion. The frescoes of Benozzo Gozzoli in San Gimignano.

Topics (Apr. 5)
19.0 Announcements.
19.1 St. Augustine on grace and salvation, on the sack of Rome, on God and the Roman Empire.
19.2 How St. Augustine read the classics.
19.3 St. Augustine: metaphors that he popularized and that are still popular among Christians.
19.4 The 4 Latin doctors of the Church, in a medieval manuscript: Augustine, Ambrose, Jerome, Gregory.
19.5 The Temporal Reward Which God Granted To The Romans (from St. Augustine's The city of God, 5.15).
19.5 Examples of the extraordinary virtues of the ancient Romans: Mucius.
19.6 Ferdinand Bol, Titus Manlius Torquatus Beheading His Son (1661-63). Rubens, Mucius Scaevola and Porsenna (1620). Giambattista Tiepolo, Mucius Scaevola (1750-53).
19.7 The virtues of the Romans, from The city of God.
19.8 Christianity and Roman civilization. St. Augustine and medieval culture.
19.9 Conclusions.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 11 in .html, Web version: Monday, Apr. 3, and Wednesday, Apr. 5.
- week 11 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Apr. 3, and Wednesday, Apr. 5.
- week 11 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Apr. 3 (size: 4.2 MB), and Wednesday, Apr. 5 (size: 5.8 MB).
- week 11 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, Apr. 3, and Wednesday, Apr. 5.
- week 11 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Apr. 3, and Wednesday, Apr. 5.

Audio files from the lecture of Apr. 3:
- Announcements and introduction (5' RealAudio);
- 18.1 The ancient Romans and polytheism, St. Paul in Athens (11' RealAudio);
- 18.1 The deification of Roman emperors (11' RealAudio);
- 18.1 The early Christians and the meat of the Pagans (3' RealAudio);
- 18.2 The Roman way of life (10' RealAudio);
- 18.3 The ancient Romans, the Jews, and the Christians (10' RealAudio);
- 18.3 Messianism and politics (3' RealAudio);
- 18.4 Tacitus on the Christians in Rome (7' RealAudio);
- 18.5 Pliny's letter to the Emperor Trajan (5' RealAudio);
- 18.6 Alexamenos and his god (4' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of Apr. 5:
- Announcements and introduction (3' RealAudio);
- 18.6 Alexamenos, Jesus and Orpheus; 18.7 The snake charmers of Cocullo, St. Anthony's feast in Capena (11' RealAudio);
- Heresies during the age of the Empire (4' RealAudio);
- 18.8 Michael Carroll, Madonnas that Maim. Popular Catholicism in Italy (14' RealAudio);
- 18.9 St. Augustine (354-430) (5' RealAudio);
- 18.9 St. Augustine and the Manicheans (5' RealAudio);
- 18.9 The allegorical interpretation of the Bible, of faith and life; St. Augustine’s conversion (7' RealAudio);
- 18.9 St. Augustine in the frescoes of Benozzo Gozzoli (1460s) (3' RealAudio);
- 19.1 St. Augustine on the sack of Rome, on God and the Roman Empire (7' RealAudio);
- 19.5-19.8 Examples of the extraordinary virtues of the ancient Romans; Christianity and Roman civilization, St. Augustine and medieval culture (7' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- There are several links inside the PowerPoint presentations (see above).

Required readings
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 38-58.

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Week 10 (Mar. 27, Mar. 29)

Topics (Mar. 27)
Midterm, for students whose last names begin with letters A-K.
Download a copy of the Mar. 27 midterm, in Acrobat format (.pdf), with the correct answers highlighted in bold.

Topics (Mar. 29)
Midterm, for students whose last names begin with letters L-Z.
Download a copy of the Mar. 29 midterm, in Acrobat format (.pdf), with the correct answers highlighted in bold.

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Week 9 (Mar. 20, Mar. 22)

Topics (Mar. 20)
16.1 The life and death of Roman poet Lucretius.
16.2 Lucretius: On the Nature of Things. Atomism and materialism. Lucretius and Epicurus.
16.3 Religion as a social practice in ancient Rome. The religion of ancient Romans: sacrificial offerings. Superstition. Ethics, religion and politics.
16.4 Seneca and the practice of self-examination.
16.5 Cato the Elder, The Harvest Ritual (circa 160 BCE). The prayer of Scipio Africanus (from Livy, History of Rome). Actual inscriptions from Roman temples. Certificate of sacrifice to the traditional pagan gods (250 CE).

Topics (Mar. 22)
17.0 Announcements.
17.1 The midterm: format and grading.
17.2 The midterm: instructions and rules.
17.3 Review, in preparation for the midterm.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 9 in .html, Web version: Monday, Mar. 20, and Wednesday, Mar. 22.
- week 9 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Mar. 20, and Wednesday, Mar. 22.
- week 9 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Mar. 20, and Wednesday, Mar. 22.
- week 9 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, Mar. 20, and Wednesday, Mar. 22.
- week 9 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Mar. 20, and Wednesday, Mar. 22.
- all the presentations from weeks 1-8, in Acrobat format (.pdf), inside one big file (size: 6.2 MB).

Audio files from the lecture of Mar. 20:
- Announcements and introduction (7' RealAudio);
- 15.2 The life of Edward Gibbon: his family, his temporary conversion (12' RealAudio);
- 15.2 Gibbon goes to Rome (8' RealAudio);
- 15.2 The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (11' RealAudio);
- Religion in Roman society: an overview (11' RealAudio);
- 16.1-16.2 The life and beliefs of Roman poet Lucretius; the place of philosophy in Roman society (7' RealAudio);
- 16.3-16.5 Religion in ancient Rome: sacrificial offerings, superstition, ethics. Cato the Elder, The Harvest Ritual. The prayer of Scipio Africanus. Actual inscriptions from Roman temples. Certificate of sacrifice to the traditional pagan gods. Seneca and the practice of self-examination (13' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of Mar. 22:
- 17.0 Announcements and introduction (4' RealAudio);
- 17.1-17.2 The midterm: format and grading. Instructions and rules (11' RealAudio);
- Q&A: about grading and similar issues (2' RealAudio);
- Q&A: about the statistics from the last Italian national census (6' RealAudio);
- Q&A: about the history of the Italian language (3' RealAudio);
- Q&A: about Tacitus, the murder of Agrippina and the great fire of Rome (13' RealAudio);
- Q&A: about Neoguelphism and the process of unification of Italy (4' RealAudio);
- Q&A: about the European Union (7' RealAudio);
- Q&A: about the chronology of Italian civilization (dates and names to remember) (4' RealAudio);
- Q&A: about the foundational myths of the Romans (Aeneas, Romulus and Remus, the rape of the Sabine women) (12' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- There are several links inside the PowerPoint presentations (see above).

Required readings
- St. Augustine, excerpts from The City of God: on the virtues of the ancient Romans, on God and the Roman empire;
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 31-38.

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Week 8 (Mar. 13, Mar. 15)

Topics (Mar. 13)
14.0 Announcements.
14.1 Recent attempts to explain the fall of the Roman empire.
14.2 The beginning of the end: Commodus. Septimus Severus (193-211 CE). Trade deficit, the mines, hyperinflation. Diocletian (284-305 CE): his temporary solutions. His political reforms. Living conditions in the rural areas. Reduced mobility, the Empire divided. Constantine (305-337 CE). Constantine's donation. Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom). The end. Valerio Massimo Manfredi, The Last Legion (2002).
14.3 Europe and the Mediterranean after the fall of the Roman empire (circa 500 CE).
14.4 Final remarks on the fall of the Roman Empire. Aldo Schiavone, The End of the Past: Ancient Rome and the Modern West (Harvard UP, 2000).

Topics (Mar. 15)
15.0 Announcements.
15.1 Valerio Massimo Manfredi, The Last Legion (2002): the plot, the characters, the themes. Key ideas behind the book.
15.2 Edward Gibbon (1737-1794) and The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776-1788). Gibbon's 'temporary' conversion to Catholicism. His 1764 visit to Rome and his decision to write about Rome. The goals of his work on Rome, and its success. Key ideas.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 8 in .html, Web version: Monday, Mar. 13, and Wednesday, Mar. 15.
- week 8 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Mar. 13, and Wednesday, Mar. 15.
- week 8 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Mar. 13, and Wednesday, Mar. 15.
- week 8 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, Mar. 13, and Wednesday, Mar. 15.
- week 8 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Mar. 13, and Wednesday, Mar. 15.

Audio files from the lecture of Mar. 13:
- 14.0 Announcements; introduction; the latest news from Italy (19' RealAudio);
- 14.1 Recent attempts to explain the fall of the Roman empire (13' RealAudio);
- 14.2 The beginning of the end: Commodus, Septimus Severus; trade deficit, hyperinflation (24' RealAudio);
- 14.2 Diocletian: his reforms; living conditions in the rural areas; the Empire divided (10' RealAudio);
- 14.2 The emperor Constantine (4' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of Mar. 15:
- 15.0 Announcements, recap and introduction (17' RealAudio);
- 14.2 The emperor Constantine (23' RealAudio);
- 14.2 The last 100 years of the Western Roman empire (10' RealAudio);
- 14.2-14.4 Final remarks on the fall of the Roman empire (6' RealAudio);
- 15.1 Valerio Massimo Manfredi, The Last Legion (2002) (21' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentations (see above).
- In this unofficial site, you can find information about the movie The Last Legion (2006), together with many images and articles.
- You can read a very good Chapter entitled "Cosmopolis: Rome as World City", written by Catharine Edwards and Greg Woolf (from a volume edited by them, entitled Rome the Cosmopolis, Cambridge UP, 2003). It is in Acrobat format.
- On Gibbon's life and works, see one of these sites:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Gibbon
http://alumnus.caltech.edu/~zimm/gibho1.html
- On The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, see
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_History_of_the_Decline_and_Fall_of_the_Roman_Empire
http://alumnus.caltech.edu/~zimm/gibho2.html
- The works of Gibbon can be downloaded from the site of the Project Gutenberg, or can be read online at various sites:
http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/g
http://www.ccel.org/g/gibbon/decline/home.html

Required readings
- Edward Gibbon, General Observations on the Fall of the Roman Empire in the West (from The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire [1782], Vol. 3, Chapt. 38);
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 27-31.

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Week 7 (Mar. 6, Mar. 8)

Topics (Mar. 6)
12.0 Announcements.
12.1 The midterm: sample questions 1-5.
12.2 The mutiny of the legions: Percennius. Tacitus' agenda. The premise. The instigator. The reaction of the soldiers. The reaction of the commanding officer. The aftermath of the first mutiny. Mutiny spreads to strategic areas of the Empire. The inadequate reaction of the Emperor; a worrysome pattern at the court. The simple strategy of Drusus, the simple minds of the soldiers. Tiberius' letter: political maneuvering, the blame game and other tricks of absolute rulers. The primitive minds of the soldiers, the casual tactics of Drusus. The superstition of the soldiers, judged by the Stoic thinker Tacitus. The massacre that ended the second mutiny, in Germany.
12.3 The life of Nero: chronology of the main events.
12.4 How Nero becomes Emperor at the age of 17.
12.5 The murder of Agrippina. Elements of a literary tragedy inside the narration of the murder of Agrippina.

Topics (Mar. 8)
13.1 Tacitus: the sin of incest, the art of innuendo. Incest, superstition, verisimile. Agrippina's theatrical death: a tragic fate. After the crime: guilt, panic, hypocrisy, escape. The responsibility and incompetence of the Senate: the opposition has high moral values, lacks a plan. The consequences of sinful behavior.
13.2 Suetonius on the Golden House of Nero.
13.3 The first Roman Emperors.
13.4 More optional readings on Nero and Tacitus.
13.5 Claudio Monteverdi's opera on Nero, The Coronation of Poppaea. Nero the immoral tyrant, whose behavior affects the moral sanity of single souls. Power and personal whims. The immoral conclusion, the final duet. Ettore Petrolini's Nero (1930): a parody of Mussolini?

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 7 in .html, Web version: Monday, Mar. 6, and Wednesday, Mar. 8.
- week 7 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Mar. 6, and Wednesday, Mar. 8.
- week 7 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Mar. 6, and Wednesday, Mar. 8.
- week 7 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, Mar. 6, and Wednesday, Mar. 8.
- week 7 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Mar. 6, and Wednesday, Mar. 8.

Audio files from the lecture of Mar. 6:
- 12.0 Introduction and announcements (6' RealAudio);
- 12.1 The midterm: sample questions, multiple choice (15' RealAudio);
- 12.1 The midterm: sample questions, short answer (9' RealAudio);
- 12.2 The mutiny of the legions: introduction and general ideas (15' RealAudio);
- 12.2 The mutiny of the legions: commentary on the excerpts (24' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of Mar. 8:
- Introduction and recap (5' RealAudio);
- 12.2 The mutiny of the legions: more comments on the excerpts (18' RealAudio);
- 12.2 The mutiny of the legions: the conclusion (9' RealAudio);
- 12.4 How Nero becomes Emperor at the age of 17 (10' RealAudio);
- 12.5-13.1 The murder of Agrippina (17' RealAudio);
- 13.1 Tacitus: the consequences of sinful behavior (3' RealAudio);
- 13.5 Claudio Monteverdi's opera on Nero, The Coronation of Poppaea (7' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- There are links inside the PowerPoint presentations (see above).
- If you want, you can read about last week's speech by Italy's Prime Minister Berlusconi in front of the American Congress: http://www.corriere.it/english/articoli/2006/03_Marzo/02/berlu.shtml (in English).
- If you visit the following link, inside the Stony Brook library page, http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you can click on the link for the database called JSTOR, to find these interesting articles on Tacitus and on Rome, during this period:
- Williams, Mary Frances, "Four Mutinies: Tacitus 'Annals' 1.16-30; 1.31-49 and Ammianus Marcellinus 'Res Gestae' 20.4.9-20.5.7; 24.3.1-8," Phoenix, 51.1 (Spring 1997): 44-74.
- Laupot, Eric, "Tacitus' Fragment 2: The Anti-Roman Movement of the 'Christiani' and the Nazoreans," Vigiliae Christianae, 54.3 (2000): 233-47.
- Heller, Wendy, "Tacitus Incognito: Opera as History in 'L'incoronazione di Poppea'," Journal of the American Musicological Society, 52.1, (Spring 1999), 39-96.
- Patterson, John R., "The City of Rome: From Republic to Empire," The Journal of Roman Studies 82 (1992): 186-215.

Required readings
- Tacitus about Nero and Agrippina, the great fire of Rome and the Christians (from the Annals, Books XII, XIV and XV);
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 19-26.

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Week 6 (Feb. 27, Mar. 1)

Topics (Feb. 27)
10.1 Spartacus and the 1951 novel by Howard Fast.
10.2 The plot of the movie Spartacus.
10.3 Hollywood and ancient Rome: Spartacus and Italian geography. Spartacus and the Roman empire. Romans in Spartacus. The Roman senators in Spartacus. Sex and decadence in Spartacus. The disconnect between Roman civilization and Italian history. Ethnicity in Spartacus.
10.4 The plot of the movie Gladiator.
10.5 Gladiator and the greatness of Rome. Gladiator and Italy. Gladiator and the themes of ambition, progress.

Topics (Mar. 1)
11.0 Comments on a map of the Roman empire (25 BCE).
11.1 Summary of the excerpts from The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire, by Edward N. Luttwak, 1976.
11.2 From Edward N. Luttwak, The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire. The fundamentals. Superiority of the Romans? Weaponry and leadership. Political goals and the military. Political use of military power. Conserve force, advance slowly. Avoid losses whenever possible. A complex security system, hard to bring down. Deterrence.
11.3 The siege of Masada, 70-73 CE.
11.4 Systems of imperial security. Goals and results of the 3 systems.
11.5 About the Roman infantry. Discipline and propaganda in the Roman army. The organization of the Roman army. Josephus describes the Roman army: the chain of command, the ranks.
11.6 Optional readings on the life of Roman soldiers.
11.7 Tacitus and the idea of a decadent Roman empire: summary of topics.
11.8 Publius Cornelius Tacitus: his life and career. The Germania.
11.9 The rediscovery of Tacitus by humanists.
11.10 Tacitus and Tacitism during the late Renaissance.
11.11 Classical historiography. Decadence in the history books of the Romans. Roman historiography and the Senate. Roman historiography and the Emperors.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 6 in .html, Web version: Monday, Feb. 27, and Wednesday, Mar. 1.
- week 6 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Feb. 27, and Wednesday, Mar. 1.
- week 6 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Feb. 27, and Wednesday, Mar. 1.
- week 6 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, Feb. 27, and Wednesday, Mar. 1.
- week 6 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Feb. 27, and Wednesday, Mar. 1.

Audio files from the lecture of Feb. 27:
- Introduction: Hollywood and ancient Rome (6' RealAudio);
- 10.1 Spartacus and the 1951 novel by Howard Fast. (5' RealAudio);
- 10.2-10.3 Roman/Italian civilization in the movie Spartacus (17' RealAudio);
- A selection of the comments that were offered to accompany the scenes from Spartacus (11' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of Mar. 1:
- Announcements and introduction, summary of the topics (5' RealAudio);
- 11.0 Comments on a map of the Roman empire (25 BCE) (6' RealAudio);
- 11.1 Summary of the excerpts from The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire, by Edward N. Luttwak (1' RealAudio);
- 11.2 Superiority of the Romans? Weaponry and leadership; political use of military power; a complex security system; deterrence (22' RealAudio);
- 11.3 The siege of Masada (5' RealAudio);
- 11.4 Systems of imperial security (4' RealAudio);
- 11.5 About the Roman infantry (7' RealAudio);
- 11.7-11.8 Tacitus and the idea of a decadent Roman empire; his life and career; the Germania (11' RealAudio);
- 11.9-11.11 The rediscovery of Tacitus by humanists; Tacitism during the late Renaissance; Roman historiography and its bias (9' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- there are links inside the PowerPoint presentations (see above).
- A short article on the life of Roman soldiers from the Web site of PBS: http://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/voices/voices3.html.
- An interview with military strategist Edward Luttwak, on general topics, and with biographical notes linking him to Italy: he's quite a character. The interview appeared on the Financial times in 1999: http://kansalaistalo.jns.fi/tietoyhteiskunta/luttwak.htm.
- From the site of PBS, a simple page on the fortress of Masada, and its conquest by the Romans.

Required readings
- Tacitus describes a mutiny of the Roman legions (from the Annals, Book I).

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Week 5 (Feb. 20, Feb. 22)

Topics (Feb. 20)
8.1 Rome vs. Carthage (270 BCE). The 3 Punic wars. Roman historian Livy on the 2nd Punic war (bk. 21).
8.2 Contemporary Italian songs on Hannibal.
8.3 The last 100 years of the Roman Republic. The Roman Empire. Time, history, life. Simple progress vs. constant progress. The cyclical movement of time. Cyclical time in Machiavelli's political theories.
8.4 The historical novel Pompeii (2003), by Robert Harris. The main characters in the novel. The plot and the organization of the events. Historical elements and the themes associated with them.

Topics (Feb. 22)
9.0 Announcements.
9.1 James Hay, Popular Film Culture in Fascist Italy (1987). Popularity of Roman civilization in Fascist Italy.
9.2 Scipione l'africano (dir. Carmine Gallone, 1937). Fascism and the ancient Romans. Scipio and Mussolini. Mussolini and the Greco-Roman heroes.
9.3 The plot of Scipione l'africano.
9.4 Italy past and present in the movie Scipione l'Africano.
9.5 Hannibal in popular culture.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 5 in .html, Web version: Monday, Feb. 20, and Wednesday, Feb. 22.
- week 5 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Feb. 20, and Wednesday, Feb. 22.
- week 5 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Feb. 20, and Wednesday, Feb. 22 (4.1 MB).
- week 5 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, Feb. 20, and Wednesday, Feb. 22.
- week 5 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Feb. 20, and Wednesday, Feb. 22.

Audio files from the lecture of Feb. 20:
- 8.1 Rome vs. Carthage etc. (30' RealAudio);
- 8.2 Italian songs on Hannibal (5' RealAudio);
- 8.3 The last 100 years of the Roman Republic etc. (26' RealAudio);
- 8.4 The historical novel Pompeii (2003), by Robert Harris (3' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of Feb. 22:
- 9.0 Announcements and introduction (2' RealAudio);
- 8.4 More on the historical novel Pompeii (2003), by Robert Harris (26' RealAudio);
- 9.1-9.4 Popularity of Roman civilization in Fascist Italy, and the movie Scipione l'africano (1937) (8' RealAudio);
- Comments on the scenes from Scipione l'africano: part 1 (2' RealAudio);
- Comments on the scenes from Scipione l'africano: part 2 (9' RealAudio);
- Comments on the scenes from Scipione l'africano: part 3 (9' RealAudio);
- Comments on the scenes from Scipione l'africano: part 4 (8' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- there are a few links inside the PowerPoint presentations (see above).
This is a collection of sites about Hannibal, the great Carthaginian general who defeated the Romans on their own Italian grounds:
- A British site on Hannibal, with useful information about his Roman counterpart, general Scipio Africanus: http://www.barca.fsnet.co.uk/index.htm (plenty of interesting links, images and documents, all in English).
- Machiavelli mentioned Hannibal and Scipio in a key passage of the Prince: http://www.constitution.org/mac/prince17.htm (in English).
- A short excerpt on the assassination of Julius Caesar, from the biography written by Greek historian Plutarch: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/plutarch-caesar.html (in English).
- A page with links to each of the scenes of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar: http://the-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/julius_caesar/index.html
- Reviews of the movie Spartacus can be found at http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/Spartacus-1019544/
- If you have chosen to write a paper on the topic of Italian Fascism and ancient Rome [Topic no. 6], remember that your paper must focus on references to ancient Rome in Fascist propaganda and in Fascist culture. If you visit the following link, inside the Stony Brook library page, http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you will find, inside the database called JSTOR, plenty of articles on this topic. In particular, I recommend that you read this one: "Fascist Doctrine and the Cult of the Romanità" by Romke Visser, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Jan., 1992), pp. 5-22.
- In the Stony Brook library page, at http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you can click on the link for the database called JSTOR, to find this article (which you can read on screen, download as an Acrobat file, or print): "Cinema and the Fall of Rome" by Martin M. Winkler, Transactions of the American Philological Association (1974-), Volume 125 (1995), 135-154.
- One of the best sites available on the Roman gladiators, with relevant remarks on the movie Gladiator: http://ablemedia.com/ctcweb/consortium/gladiators.html.

Required readings
- excerpts from James Hay, Popular Film Culture in Fascist Italy (Acrobat file).
If you do not have the Acrobat reader, you can download it for free from Adobe).
A password is required to open this reading: contact the instructor or the TA if you missed the class in which it was announced, or visit them during their office hours to get a printed copy of the reading.

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Week 4 (Feb. 13, Feb. 15)

Topics (Feb. 13)
6.0 Announcements.
6.1 More on the foundational myths of the Romans.
6.2 The relevance of Roman civilization. Pompei. "Pompeii's Erotic Frescoes Awake," by Melinda Henneberger (NYT, 2001).
6.3 What remains of Roman civilization (cultural evidence). The Calendar.
6.4 Roman law. The idea of a secular state. Written laws, precedents, the discretion of judges. Judges and jurists. Law and society. Public and private law. Justinian.
6.5 The American Founding Fathers and Rome. The US as the new Rome. Palladio. Jefferson in France. The US Capitol. George Washington as Cincinnatus.
6.6 Neoclassical architecture in the US.
6.7 "There's Nothing Conservative About the Classics' Revival," by Garry Wills (NYT, 1997). Women studies. Multiculturalizing the canon. Subversive classics. Intentional omissions and the notion of a "classical age." Multiculturalism in the Aeneid. Black Athena. The study of Latin. Classics in translation.
6.8 The classics in the Italian curriculum.
6.9 Classical architecture in Italy: barbarians and Barberinis. The vanishing of bronze statues. Marcus Aurelius. Master Gregory visits Rome.

Topics (Feb. 15)
7.0 Announcements.
7.1 Ancient Rome: the monarchy. Gary Forsythe on the seven kings of Rome. Livy's History of Rome: Bk. 1, Preface.
7.2 Niccolò Machiavelli, on the religion of the Romans. Religion as a political tool. Maurizio Viroli, Machiavelli's God (2006).
7.3 Ancient Rome: the Republic. Livy's History of Rome (Bk. 1, Preface): national character, military expansion.
7.4 Social classes in Roman society. Patricians and Plebeians.
7.5 Foreigners and slaves in ancient Rome. Slaves in Roman society: familia urbana. "The Cultural Significance of Roman Manumission." Slaves in the fields: familia rustica. William Fitzgerald, Slavery and the Roman Literary Imagination (2000).
7.6 Meals of the Romans (from C.A.E. Luschnig, "Potes esurire mecum"). Wine, conviviality. The Roman dining room. The table napkins of the clients. Sauces made with fish or wine. Apicius's recipe book.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 4 in .html, Web version: Monday, Feb. 13, and Wednesday, Feb. 15.
- week 4 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Feb. 13, and Wednesday, Feb. 15.
- week 4 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Feb. 13 (1.8 MB), and Wednesday, Feb. 15.
- week 4 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, Feb. 13, and Wednesday, Feb. 15.
- week 4 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Feb. 13, and Wednesday, Feb. 15.

Audio files from the lecture of Feb. 13:
- 6.0 Announcements (3' RealAudio);
- 6.1 More on the foundational myths of the Romans (20' RealAudio);
- 6.2 The relevance of Roman civilization (7' RealAudio);
- 6.3 What remains of Roman civilization (9' RealAudio);
- 6.4, Roman law (10' RealAudio);
- 6.5-6.6 Neoclassicism in US culture and history (10' RealAudio);
- 6.7-6.9 The revival of the classics in Western culture (9' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of Feb. 15:
- 7.1-7.2 Monarchy in Ancient Rome (12' RealAudio);
- 7.3 the Roman Republic (7' RealAudio);
- 7.4 Patricians and Plebeians (13' RealAudio);
- 7.5 Slavery in Roman society and culture (24' RealAudio);
- 7.6 Food and rituals of the table in Roman society (2' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- don't forget the links posted inside the PowerPoint presentations (see above).
- A short, simple piece on the Roman calendar: http://www.crowl.org/Lawrence/time/months.html.
- A more elaborate site on the Roman calendar, with interesting images: http://webexhibits.org/calendars/calendar-roman.html.
- Roman art and architecture from various periods: lots of images and short commentaries: http://harpy.uccs.edu/roman/.
- A virtual exhibition on The Roman world, from the University of Pennsylvania Museum.
- To supplement your knowledge of practical aspects of Roman life, let me recommend to you this good virtual tour of a Roman "Villa rustica" located in Southern Germany (in English, quick and informative): http://www.villa-rustica.de/tour/toure.html.
- A 2003 article from the New York Times, presenting recent discoveries about the Etruscans and their civilization
- "The Young American Nation and the Classical World": an article in Acrobat format (1.9 MB), by Edwin A. Miles (Journal of the History of Ideas 35.2 [Apr.-Jun. 1974], 259-74).
- The Laws of the XII tables (in English, with notes and commentary): http://www.constitution.org/sps/sps01_1.htm.

Required readings
- read the following excerpts from the Roman historian Livy, recounting the foundational myths of the Romans.

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Week 3 (Feb. 6, Feb. 8)

Topics (Feb. 6)
4.0 Announcements - Questions and comments.
4.1 Humanism (1375-1475): culture and the arts. Socio-political trends.
4.2 Renaissance (1476-1550): political events.
4.3 Modernity (1551-1861): culture and politics.
4.4 The last 150 years: unification; the monarchy; the two World Wars; fascism; the Republic.
4.5 Federalism: the Northern League. The reform of the Constitution: the federal Senate. The Assembly of the Republic.
4.6 The Savoia: Italy's former royal family.
4.7 The Savoia and Rome's Pantheon.
4.8 Italy and Europe. The foundation of the European Union. 1973-1995: the European Union grows. 2003-2006: the EU 25. The European Union and the euro.
4.9 The main institutions of the EU.
4.10 What kind of federation will the European Union become? Italy's positions.
4.11 "A union of minorities." A federation of states, not a super-state. "What global language?"

Topics (Feb. 8)
5.0 Announcements.
5.1 Italy 1000 BCE -- 400 BCE. The Etruscans: geography and basic historical facts. The Etruscans and the Romans.
5.2 Excerpts from The Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria by George Dennis (London, 1848).
5.3 Some texts on Etruscan civilization and today’s Tuscany.
5.4 The Indo-Europeans arrive in Italy. Indo-European languages: the latest theories.
5.5 Early Italy: the Greeks.
5.6 Contributions by the Greeks to Roman civilization. Foundational myths of the Romans: Romulus and Remus, Aeneas.
5.7 The Griko dialect and the Italian Greeks.
5.8 The Carthaginians.
5.9 Early Italy: other cultures and peoples.
5.10 Characteristics of the ancient Romans.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 3 in .html, Web version: Monday, Feb. 6, and Wednesday, Feb. 8.
- week 3 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Feb. 6, and Wednesday, Feb. 8.
- week 3 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Feb. 6 (4.7 MB), and Wednesday, Feb. 8 (4 MB).
- week 3 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, Feb. 6, and Wednesday, Feb. 8.
- week 3 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Feb. 6, and Wednesday, Feb. 8.

Audio files from the lecture of Feb. 6:
- Announcements and Introduction (23' RealAudio);
- Italy from the late Middle Ages to the 1800s (19' RealAudio);
- The last 150 years; the Northern League and Federalism (12' RealAudio);
- Italy and the European Union (16' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of Feb. 8:
- Announcements (11' RealAudio);
- The Etruscans: basic information (23' RealAudio);
- Dennis and his book on the Etruscans (20' RealAudio);
- The Indo-Europeans (5' RealAudio);
- Early civilizations in Italy; the foundational Myths of the Romans (12' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- don't forget the links posted inside the PowerPoint presentations (see above). Keep in mind that the page linked inside slide 12 of Feb. 6's presentation has recently moved to this address: http://www.leganord.org/riformafederale/costituzione48_05.pdf.
- The Etruscan World: a very well-organized and informative virtual exhibition, from the University of Pennsylvania Museum.
- The Etruscans: basic Web site of the Mugello Valley archeological project (very interesting, plenty of pictures).
- Read the Introduction to an 1848 book on the Etruscans, written by George Dennis (it's in two parts, whose links are posted here): Introduction, Part I; Introduction, Part II.
- Or, instead of the introduction, you can read the following chapter from that book, Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria (even this is in two parts, linked here): Chap. XVIII, Part I; Chap. XVIII, Part II.
Keep in mind that our goal, when reading from George Dennis, is not primarily to learn about the Etruscans, but to get a better understanding of the representation and the appreciation of Pre-Roman civilizations in modern Western culture.

Required readings
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, read pp. 1-15.

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Week 2 (Jan. 30, Feb. 1)

Topics (Jan. 30)
2.0 Announcements. Italian Civ. in the news.
2.1 Brief history of the Jewish communities in Italy.
2.2 The paper: recommendations and ideas, format, topics, drafts. Plagiarism, with examples.
2.3 The exams. Preparing for the exams.
2.4 The Italian flag. The emblem of the Italian Republic.
2.5 National Italian identity and the issue of language. Standard Italian: its components. Standard Italian and literature. Tuscan, Florentine and Italian literature, culture and society. Literary Tuscan and Italian culture/society.
2.6 Neolatin vernaculars in Italy. Examples of present-day Italian dialects.
2.7 Body language in Italian society. Excerpts from “Gesture in Italian Speech,” by Laura Raffa. Italian gestures.
2.8 Bilingualism and diglossia in Italy. Bilingualism in the emigrant Italian communities.
2.9 Foreign languages spoken in Italy.

Topics (Feb. 1)
3.0 Announcements.
3.1 Statistics and data about modern Italy.
3.2 OECD: demographics, population (1989-2004). Demographics, by age (1960-1999). Ageing societies (2005, 2020). Foreign population (1989-2002). Population growth rate (1993-2003). Public support per child in the EU.
3.3 Gross Domestic Product (2002). Average economic growth of real GDP (1991-2005).
3.4 Unemployment rates (1991-2003). Part-time employment (1991-2003).
3.5 Government deficits (1991-2003).
3.6 Expenditure on R&D (1995-2000).
3.7 Censis: what Italians worry about(1997-2000).
3.8 Censis: multiculturalism in Italian schools (1998-99).
3.9 This topic was removed from the lesson plan.
3.10 The Italian census of 2001: demographics, families. Foreign-born residents. Geographic distribution. Distribution by municipality. Internal migration.
3.11 Chronology of Italian civilization. The Roman/Latin Era (753 BCE-476 CE).
3.12 The Middle Ages (476-1375). The preservation of medieval culture and the revival of medieval traditions in Tuscany. Neo-guelphism. Maurice Hewlett and the Anglo-American travelers from the early 1900s.

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 2 in .html, Web version: Monday, Jan. 30, and Wednesday, Feb. 1.
- week 2 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Jan. 30, and Wednesday, Feb. 1.
- week 2 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Jan. 30 (4.11 MB), and Wednesday, Feb. 1 (1.9 MB).
- week 2 in Rich Text Format (.rtf): Monday, Jan. 30, and Wednesday, Feb. 1.
- week 2 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Jan. 30, and Wednesday, Feb. 1.

Audio files from the lecture of Jan. 30:
- Announcements (6' RealAudio);
- Italy and Italian civilization in recent news (6' RealAudio);
- History of the Jewish communities in Italy (12' RealAudio);
- Information about the paper and the exams (12' RealAudio);
- The Italian flag and the emblem of the Italian Republic (5' RealAudio);
- Italian identity and the issue of language (29' RealAudio).

Audio files from the lecture of Feb. 1:
- Introduction (3' RealAudio);
- Statistical data about Italy from OECD (39' RealAudio);
- Data from the last Italian national census (2001) (7' RealAudio).

Suggested readings
- see the numerous links posted inside the presentations.
- if you want to see political and historical maps of Italy, you can visit this site http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/italy.html, or click here for an interactive map, where you can zoom from the entire peninsula to the map of a single city, with its main streets and the various neighborhood.

Required readings
- Maurice Hewlett and Tuscany's hidden treasures.

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Week 1 (Jan. 23, Jan. 25)

Topics (Jan. 23)
0.1 A general overview of the class; the web site; the syllabus.

Topics (Jan. 25)
1.1 Different Italians. The South and the North of Italy.
1.2 The slow process of political unification.
1.3 Dual identities throughout Italian history. Unifying factors in Italian civilization.
1.4 "La parola Italia" [The word Italy].
1.5 Obstacles along the path to Italy’s cultural and political unification: geography and history.
1.6 Italian proverbs and the strength of local cultures/identities.
1.7 The Italian national anthem. Giorgio Gaber's song "I don't feel Italian" (2003).

Download or see online the lecture notes for this week, in any one of these formats:
- week 1 in .html, Web version: Monday, Jan. 23, and Wednesday, Jan. 25.
- week 1 in Acrobat (.pdf): Monday, Jan. 23, and Wednesday, Jan. 25.
- week 1 in PowerPoint (.ppt): Monday, Jan. 23, and Wednesday, Jan. 25 (size: 2 MB).
- week 1 in Rich Text Format (.rtf) Monday, Jan. 23, and Wednesday, Jan. 25.
- week 1 in plain text (.txt): Monday, Jan. 23, and Wednesday, Jan. 25.

Audio files from the lecture of Jan. 23:
- The syllabus, class organization (32' RealAudio file; size: 11.3 MB).

Audio files from the lecture of Jan. 25:
- Announcements (6' RealAudio);
- Multiple identities in Italian civilization (51' RealAudio);
- "The word Italy" (2' RealAudio);
- Topics 1.5-1.6 (3' RealAudio);
- About the Italian national anthem (3' RealAudio).

You can also listen to 2 clips from the song "Io non mi sento italiano", by Giorgio Gaber (2003):
- "I, G. G., was born and live in Milan..." (.mp3, 33", stereo);
- "I am sorry Mr. President..." (.mp3, 23", stereo).

Suggested readings
- "Three Catholics in Four Favour Civil Unions and Divorce" (Corriere della sera, Jan. '06). A short article highlighting the results of a recent survey, conducted by statistical agency Eurispes, on the relevance of religion in the life of 21st century Italians.
- read the Economic Survey of Italy, 2005 completed by OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development), or look at the latest statistical profile (2005) for Italy, published by OECD.
- Visit the Web page of Eurostat. "Eurostat is the Statistical Office of the European Communities... Its task is to provide the European Union with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions." The site is not exactly user-friendly, but it has loads of interesting data.
- visit EUROPA the portal site of the European Union. "It provides up-to-date coverage of European Union affairs and essential information on European integration. Users can also consult all legislation currently in force or under discussion, access the websites of each of the EU institutions and find out about the policies administered by the European Union under the powers devolved to it by the Treaties."
- From The world factbook, published online by the American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and updated in 2006: Italy.
- Listen to the Italian national anthem (scroll the page up a few lines, and then click on the link inside the gray box, above the lyrics, where you see the words "ascolta l'inno").
- From The New York Times (March 31, 2002): "In Italy, a Busy Crossroads of History" By Frederika Randall (free registration may be required; otherwise, click here to see the article in Acrobat format, no editing or printing allowed). This is a very simple piece from the travel section of the New York Times, highlighting the beauty of the region of Apulia and reminding the reader, through short statements by local Italians and simple historical references, how complex and rich the history of a small Italian region can be.

Required readings
- from the textbook, The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy, ed. By George Holmes, read the Editor's Foreword (pp. v-vii).

General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper | Review sheets


Syllabus

HUI216 -- Italian Civilization Through the Ages

This course offers an overview of Italian civilization and guides the students to a better understanding of its diverse manifestations, in various cultural fields and throughout the ages (from the Romans to the Renaissance). For the most part, contents are organized chronologically, bringing together different aspects of the Italian culture (the arts -- with the inclusion of painting, sculpture, architecture and music --, philosophy and science, literature and theater); as a crucial aid, background information about the history of Italy will also be introduced. In order to make this material manageable for the students, the course will focus on themes and ideas that are representative of each phase of Italian history and that are still part of the Italian heritage. The appreciation of that heritage and a better understanding of modern/contemporary Italian society and culture will be further goals of this course.

NB: this course satisfies category I of the D.E.C.

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Instructor: Dr. Andrea Fedi.
Office hours (rm. 1148, Humanities building): Mondays and Wednesdays 5:30-6:30, Thursdays 1:00-2:00, and by appointment. Telephone: (631) 632-7449 [there is no voice-mail; to leave an urgent message you can call Marie Sweatt, the secretary of the Department of European Languages, at (631) 632-7440].
E-mail: afedi@ms.cc.sunysb.edu

Teaching assistant: Francesca Mirti.
Office hours (rm. 1056, Humanities building): Mondays 10:40-11:40, and by appointment.
E-mail: fmirti@ic.sunysb.edu

Textbook: Holmes, George, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy. Oxford University Press, 2001. [ISBN 0192854445]

Grades will be determined according to the following scale:

10% class participation and attendance
25% midterm (March 27, last names A-K; March 29, last names L-Z; location of both midterms: our regular classroom, Javits 102)
30% paper (due May 3)
35% final exam (May 15, 5:10-6:50; A-K: Javits 102; L-Z: Javits 105)

Attendance is essential. Since new material is introduced with each lecture, missing even just a few classes may have a serious effect on your grades. Attendance will be monitored using an attendance sheet and through random checks of signatures and IDs.

Participation is assessed on the basis of questions and comments made during class lectures, or submitted in writing (via e-mail) and in a timely fashion to the instructor.

The midterm and the final exam consist of approximately 30 multiple-choice questions and 10-12 short-answer questions. The final exam is cumulative, even though the majority of the questions will focus on material introduced after March 15.

Possible topics for the papers are listed in a separate section, at the end of this syllabus. Minimum length for the papers is 3 pages or 900 words; max. length is 9 pages or 2,700 words. The paper must be typed double-space and must be brought to class on the due date. Students may also submit their papers through e-mail. Receipt of the paper will be acknowledged online, in a separate page of this web site. Please do not forget to include your name and ID with your paper. If you quote from the textbook or any other source, please remember that you must use quotation marks and you must provide exact references for all your sources. All students are expected to maintain the highest standards of academic honesty. There will be no excuses accepted for plagiarism, cheating, or any other act which suggests that you have not fulfilled your academic responsibilities in this course; please refer to the Web site of the Academic Judiciary Committee for further details. All suspected incidents of academic dishonesty will be vigorously pursued.

If you have a physical, psychiatric, medical or learning disability that may impact on your ability to carry out assigned course work, you are encouraged to contact the staff in the Disabled Student Services office (DSS), 632-6748/TDY or visit the DSS page. DSS will review your concerns and determine, with you, what accommodations are necessary and appropriate. All information and documentation of a disability is confidential.

Topics: for a complete list of topics, readings and assignments, visit the section entitled Lectures, on this page.

General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper | Review sheets


Topics for the paper

For your paper, you can choose any of the following topics. If you wish to write on a different topic, you must consult me ahead of time, with an abstract or a detailed proposal, and obtain permission.

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[1] Local identities and cultures in contemporary Italian society. Their interactions with European and global frameworks. The impact on them of regulations and policies implemented by the European Union.

[2] Pre-Roman civilizations in Italy, with focus on the Greeks or the Etruscans. Cultural vestiges of the ancient world and surviving traditions. Modern characterizations of those civilizations and of their relevance for the creation of regional cultures in Tuscany and Southern Italy.

[3] The portrayal of Roman civilization in the novel Pompeii, by Robert Harris (2003). The juxtaposition of modern and classical elements.

[4] Tacitus and the idea of a decadent Roman empire.

[5] Hollywood and the representation of ancient Rome, in Ben-Hur, Spartacus, or Gladiator. References to Italy and the Italians.

[6] Italian Fascism and the exploitation of Roman history and culture in its propaganda. References to Roman civilization in fascist culture and the arts.

[7] Claudio Monteverdi's opera L'incoronazione di Poppea (1642). The portrayal of Nero and its court. Monteverdi's sources.

[8] The portrayal of St. Francis of Assisi in Liliani Cavani's movie Francesco (1989). Its treatment of the Franciscan sources.

[9] Matthew Pearl's novel, The Dante Club. References to Dante's Inferno, and to the reception of the Divine comedy in the US.

[10] Paolo and Francesca in Dante's Inferno 5. References to medieval culture, to the chivarlic genre and to the medieval philosophy of love. Modern reinterpretations of the story by artists and musicians.

[11] The popularity of Dante and the Divine comedy in modern times.

[12] Mercantile values and role-models for Italian society in Boccaccio's Decameron

[13] The Middle Ages in Italy, and how medieval culture and history influenced the construction of an Italian identity (national or regional).

[14] Chivalric literature in modern Italian culture, with reference to Calvino's Castle of crossed destinies, or to the Sicilian pupi (marionettes).

[15] Leonardo's image in modern culture, with reference to one or more of these books: Sigmund Freud, Leonardo and a memory of his childhood (1910); Michael Gelb, How to think like Leonardo da Vinci (1998); Dan Brown, The Da Vinci code (2003); Lewis Perdue, The Da Vinci legacy (1983, 2004).

[16] Machiavelli today, based on one or more of these books: Stanley Bing, What would Machiavelli do? The ends justify the meanness (2000); Michael Ledeen, Machiavelli on modern leadership. Why Machiavelli's iron rules are as timely and important today has five centuries ago (1999); Harriet Rubin, The Princessa. Machiavelli for women (1998); V., The Mafia manager: a guide to the corporate Machiavelli (1997).

[17] The representation of the Italian Renaissance (culture and society), in one or more of these novels: Sarah Dunant, The Birth of Venus (2003); Ian Caldwell and Dustin Thomason, The rule of four (2004).

[18] Classicism and neoclassicism in American culture, with reference to the arts (architecture, sculpture, painting) and/or to the political discourse of the Founding Fathers.

[19] The representation of Roman civilization and the fall of the Roman empire in Valerio Massimo Manfredi's historical novel, The Last Legion (2003).

General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper | Review sheets


General bibliography, organized by topics

This bibliography is organized by topics, for general reference, and also because many of the books listed in each section can be used for different papers.

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Tacitus

Fantham, Elaine. Roman literary culture: from Cicero to Apuleius. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Scarre, Christopher. Chronicle of the Roman emperors: the reign-by-reign record of the rulers of Imperial Rome. London; New York: Thames and Hudson, 1995.

Braund, David C. Augustus to Nero: a sourcebook on Roman history, 31 BC-AD 68. Totowa: Barnes and Noble, 1985.

Barrett, Anthony. Agrippina: sex, power, and politics in the early Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.

Sinclair, Patrick. Tacitus the sententious historian: a sociology of rhetoric in Annales 1-6. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995.

Reflections of Nero: culture, history, and representation. Edited by Jaƒs Elsner and Jamie Masters. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.

Luce, T. James and A.J. Woodman, eds. Tacitus and the Tacitean tradition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Auerbach, Erich. Mimesis. The Representation of Reality in Western Literature. Trans. W.R. Trask. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Women and family in the classical world

Rawson, Beryl, ed. The Family in ancient Rome: new perspectives. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986.

Bradley, K. R. Discovering the Roman family: studies in Roman social history. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Dixon, Suzanne. The Roman family. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Hallett, Judith P. Fathers and daughters in Roman society: women and the elite family. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Cantarella, Eva. Pandora's daughters: the role and status of women in Greek and Roman antiquity. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

Lekowitz, Mary R. Women's life in Greece and Rome. Compiled by Mary R. Lefkowitz and Maureen B. Fant. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

Dixon, Suzanne. The Roman mother. Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1987.

Fantham, Elaine et al. Women in the classical world: image and text. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Religion and state during antiquity

Wardman, Alan. Religion and statecraft among the Romans. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

MacMullen, Ramsay. Paganism in the Roman Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.

Lee, A. D. Pagans and Christians in late antiquity: a sourcebook. London; New York: Routledge, 2000.

Segal, Alan F. Rebecca's children: Judaism and Christianity in the Roman world. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Sordi, Marta. The Christians and the Roman Empire. Transl. by Annabel Bedini. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.

Lane Fox, Robin. Pagans and Christians. New York: Knopf, 1987.

Benko, Stephen. Pagan Rome and the early Christians. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.

Helleman, Wendy E., ed. Christianity and the classics: the acceptance of a heritage. Lanham: University Press of America, 1990.

The influence of Roman civilization on Western culture and society

Richard, Carl J. The founders and the classics: Greece, Rome, and the American Enlightenment. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1994.

Knox, Bernard. Backing into the future: the Classical tradition and its renewal. New York: W.W. Norton, 1994.

Acta Congressus Madvigiani: Hafniae MDMLIV (Proceedings of the Second International Congress of Classical Studies). Copenhagen: E. Munksgaard, 1957-1958.

Cantor, Norman. The Medieval Reader. HarperCollins, 1995.

Helleman, Wendy E., ed. Christianity and the classics: the acceptance of a heritage. Lanham: University Press of America, 1990.

Taylor, Henry O. The classical heritage of the Middle Ages. New York: F. Ungar, 1957.

Wyke, Maria. Projecting the past: ancient Rome, cinema, and history. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Roman civilization and Italian fascism

Bosworth, R.J.B. and Patrizia Dogli. Italian fascism: history, memory, and representation. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999.

Berezin, Mabel. Making the fascist self: the political culture of interwar Italy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Falasca-Zamponi, Simonetta. Fascist spectacle: the aesthetics of power in Mussolini's Italy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Hay, James. Popular film culture in Fascist Italy: the passing of the Rex. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

The Italian Renaissance

Brand, Peter and Lino Pertile. The Cambridge history of Italian literature. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Conaway Bondanella, Julia and Mark Musa, eds. The Italian Renaissance reader. New York: New American Library, 1987.

Hay, Denys. The Italian Renaissance in its historical background. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Migiel, Marilyn and Juliana Schiesari, eds. Refiguring woman: perspectives on gender and the Italian Renaissance. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Toscano, Antonio, ed. Interpreting the Italian Renaissance: literary perspectives. New York: Forum Italicum, 1991.

General info | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper | Review sheets


Disclaimer: opinions, views or endorsements of any kind encountered on this page are not necessarily the policy of the University of Stony Brook.
This web site is owned and managed by Dr. Andrea Fedi, Dept. of European Languages, University of Stony Brook (NY). © 2006