HUI216.01 -- ITALIAN CIVILIZATION (Spring 2008)

Announcements | Calendar | Syllabus | Topics for the paper | Bibliography | Italy in the news

Lectures | Statistics about the class | The portal of campo7 | Search this Web site

Week 01 | Week 02 | Week 03 | Week 04 | Week 05 | Week 06 | Week 07 | Week 08

Week 09 | Week 10 | Week 11 | Week 12 | Week 13 | Week 14 | Week 15, Finals


Announcements

Make sure to read the latest announcements regarding this class and its web pages. Announcements are labeled according to their contents:
- "[Schedule]" indicates important changes that affect the schedule of lectures and office hours (cancellations due to inclement weather, temporary changes of classroom, deadline reminders);
- "[Content]" signals new uploads, new pages, or additions and deletions to the list of readings and assignments;
- "[Technical]" refers to events that affect the functionality and availability of these pages;
- "[Other]" includes useful information about grants and awards for undergraduates, on-campus lectures and debates, etc.
Remember that, depending on the configuration of your browser, you may have to hit "Refresh" or "Reload" on your next visit in order to update the contents of this page.

This page was last updated on May 15, 2008, at 3:25 PM.

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May 15 [Schedule] -- All grades (papers, exams, final grades) will be posted inside Blackboard, in Gradebook, starting from Monday or Tuesday of next week (May 19 or May 20). Keep checking for updates.

May 13 [Content] -- Under Week 13, I have added audio files of one more class.

May 13 [Content] -- Under Week 12, I have added audio files of one more class.

May 12 [Content] -- Under Week 14, I have added audio files of one more class.

May 12 [Content] -- Under Week 15, I have added audio files of today's class.

May 12 [Content] -- Under Week 14, I have added audio files of the last class.

May 12 [Schedule] -- As reported in the calendar, today's office hour will be over at 6:00, rather than 6:30 as usual. I have received 194 papers so far: I have sent out messages acknowledging receipt of each paper. If you haven't submitted your paper yet, please do so at your earliest convenience. You will incur in a penalty for lateness, but it will be far better than having no grade for the paper at all. No papers will be accepted after the day of the final exam.

May 9 [Content] -- I have revised the quizzes posted under weeks 11-14. With these last changes, all online quizzes have been revised. I have added two new links to the section about Italy in the news.

May 7 [Schedule] -- I have received 185 papers: I have sent out messages acknowledging receipt of each paper. 4 students still have an extension. Papers received from today on will incur in a penalty for lateness (0.75 points per day will be detracted from the grade of the paper). No papers will be accepted for grading past the day of the final exam.

May 6 [Schedule] -- I have received 175 papers: I have sent out messages acknowledging receipt of each paper. 7 students have been granted an extension. Papers received after the end of today will incur in a penalty for lateness (0.75 points per day will be detracted from the grade of the paper). No papers will be accepted for grading past the day of the final exam.

May 5 [Content] -- I have posted new presentations under week 14.

May 1 [Content] -- I have added new links in the page about Italy in the news.

May 1 [Schedule] -- I can finally announce the locations for the final exam: if your last name begins with letters A-K, you must go to Javits 102; if your last name begins with letters L-Z, you must go to Javits 105. Inside the calendar you can find the date and the time.

Apr. 29 [Schedule] -- I have changed the time of my last office hour, on May 13. Check the calendar for details.

Apr. 23 [Content] -- Under weeks 9 and 10, I have revised four more interactive online quizzes.

Apr. 23 [Content] -- Under weeks 11-13, I have added audio files with segments of the lectures given in 2007, to provide supplementary material and a more detailed presentation of some of the topics. Keep in mind that the slide number and the topic number are the same, but the presentation number you may hear inside the supplementary audio files is different.

Apr. 22 [Content] -- Under week 11, I have added audio files with segments of the last lecture. Under weeks 12 and 13, I have posted two new presentations (17 and 18).

Apr. 22 [Content] -- I have added new links in the page about Italy in the news.

Apr. 16 [Content] -- Under weeks 10 and 11, I have added audio files with segments of the last two lectures.

Apr. 14 [Content] -- Under Week 11, I have posted two new presentations (15 and 16). I have added new links in the page about Italy in the news.

Apr. 11 [Schedule] -- On Tuesday, Apr. 14, my office hour will be at 1:00-2:00.

Apr. 9 [Content] -- Under Week 10, I have posted two new presentations.

Apr. 8 [Content] -- Under weeks 9 and 10, I have added audio files with segments of the last two lectures.

Apr. 7 [Content] -- Under Week 10, I have posted a new presentation (12).

Apr. 2 [Content] -- Under Week 9, I have posted a new presentation (11b).

Apr. 1 [Content] -- Under week 9, I have added audio files with segments of Monday's lecture.

Mar. 30 [Content] -- Under Week 9, I have posted a new presentation (11a). I have added a new link to the section on Italy in the news. At this point, all quizzes from weeks 1-8, and the first quiz of week 9 have been revised.

Mar. 26 [Content] -- Under week 8, I have added audio files with segments of Wednesday's lecture.

Mar. 25 [Content] -- Under Week 8, I have posted a new presentation (10).

Mar. 25 [Other] -- The 3rd Annual Cody Walk for Developmental Disabilities will take place at SBU on Apr. 27, 9:30-11:00. You can register on-line by clicking here.

Mar. 25 [Content] -- Under week 8, I have added audio files with segments of Monday's lecture. I have posted several new links inside the section Italy in the news. Under week 6, I have added audio files with segments of one of the lectures.

Mar. 24 [Content] -- Under Week 8, I have posted a new presentation. I have made a correction to the calendar: on April 21 classes are not in session. I have modified and renumbered the topics of all the future presentations. Under week 7, I have added text versions of the last presentation, as well as a list of topics. The black-and-white presentations have been slightly revised, and new versions have been posted. Under week 7, I have added audio files with segments of Monday's and Wednesday's lectures.

Mar. 12 [Content] -- Under Week 7, I have posted a new presentation.

Mar. 10 [Content] -- Under Week 7, I have posted a new presentation. I have posted new links inside the section Italy in the news.

Mar. 4 [Other] -- On March 11, 2008, from 3 p.m. to 6 p.m., in rm. 302 of the Student Activities Center, there will be a conference on "Italian-American Youth Culture." For details, please see this flyer (in Acrobat).

Mar. 3 [Content] -- I have posted new links inside the Italy in the news section.

Mar. 3 [Content] -- Under Weeks 2 and 3, I have revised three more interactive quizzes.

Mar. 2 [Content] -- Under Week 6, I have posted a new presentation.

Mar. 2 [Content] -- Under Weeks 2 and 5, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Wednesday's lectures, subdivided by topics.

Feb. 27 [Content] -- Under Weeks 2, I have posted another presentation (3b).

Feb. 27 [Content] -- Under Weeks 5, I have posted tonight's presentation.

Feb. 26 [Content] -- Under Week 5, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lectures, subdivided by topics.

Feb. 26 [Schedule] -- Any student who missed Monday's class because of the University Alert will be excused. No attendance check was done yesterday.

Feb. 25 [Content] -- I have posted new links inside the Italy in the news section.

Feb. 25 [Content] -- Under Weeks 1 and 4, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Wednesday's and Monday's lectures, subdivided by topics. I have posted tonight's presentation, under Week 5.

Feb. 21 [Other] -- RED HOT ROAD TRIP (March 4, 2008): every year, hundreds of Stony Brook University students, faculty, and staff descend upon Albany with banners, buttons, brochures, and boundless energy and enthusiasm. It's Stony Brook Day in Albany, and we want you to come. In today’s financial climate, it's more important than ever to let your legislators know what Stony Brook University means to you. By going to Albany, you will show them that you are involved and that you care. You'll also have a chance to meet people from all parts of the campus and experience firsthand how our government works. There's even an end-of-day celebration. Click here to register online, or contact Janice Rohlf, (631) 632-6302.

Feb. 19 [Content] -- Under Week 1, I have posted a new PowerPoint presentation (1b), to be discussed in class today.

Feb. 19 [Content] -- Under Weeks 3 and 4, I have added audio files with relevant sections of the last two lectures, subdivided by topics.

Feb. 18 [Content] -- Under Week 5, I have posted a list of online article that can be used for papers on Fascism and classical civilization/history.

Feb. 18 [Content] -- Under Week 1, I have posted an updated version of the first interactive quiz.

Feb. 18 [Content] -- Under Week 3, I have posted today's PowerPoint presentation, in various formats. I have revised the list of topics.

Feb. 13 [Content] -- Under Week 3, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Monday's lecture, subdivided by topics. From now on, the audio files will be stereo, not mono, and their quality will be better (48-64 kbps). Different formats can be made available upon request.

Feb. 12 [Other] -- On March 7, 2008, in rm. E4340 of the F. Melville Library, there will be a Symposium entitled "The Ethnic Eye/I: Memoir and Italian American Cultures." For details, please see this flyer (in Acrobat).

Feb. 11 [Content] -- Under Week 1, I have added new audio files, from the 2007 lectures, covering those sections of Presentation 1 that were not discussed in class. Use them to make the study of that Presentation easier.

Feb. 11 [Content] -- I have added a page (linked above the picture) in which you can find recent articles about Italy, in English.

Feb. 11 [Content] -- Under Week 2, I have added audio files with relevant sections of Wednesday's lecture, subdivided by topics. I have posted today's Lecture notes, in various formats. I have revised the list of topics.

Feb. 10 [Technical] -- I have added a page (linked under the picture) from which you can search this Web site, including all the .pdf, .rtf, .txt files posted everywhere.

Feb. 7 [Technical] -- I have made a few cosmetic changes to the page. I have changed the position and the names of some links. Also, every time you visit this page, you should see a different picture of Italy. The pictures are small (640x480, sized between 88 and 236 KB), and the randomization is done with javascript code.

Feb. 7 [Technical] -- This morning, for about an hour, some of the contents in this Web site were unavailable. Everything now has been restored to normal. If you encounter any problems, please let me know.

Feb. 6 [Content] -- Under Week 2, I have posted today's Lecture notes, in various formats. I have revised the list of topics.

Feb. 6 [Content] -- Under Week 1 and 2, I have added audio files with relevant sections of all the lectures done so far, subdivided by topics.

Feb. 4 [Content] -- Under Week 2, I have posted today's Lecture notes, in various formats.

Feb. 1 [Other] -- A cell phone was found in our classroom after all students had left, last Wednesday. It was brought to the Audiovisual office, inside the Javits building.

Jan. 30 [Content] -- I have fixed the links from the Jan. 26 announcement, pointing to the final exam given in the Spring of 2007 (in Acrobat format): version 1, or version 2.

Jan. 30 [Content] -- Under Week 1, I have posted today's Lecture notes, in various formats.

Jan. 29 [Content] -- Under Week 1, I have added two audio files with relevant sections of the first lecture, subdivided by topics. In the Calendar, I have added all the office hours of my graduate assistant, Holly Schnittger. I have update the list of topics for Presentation 0.

Jan. 28 [Content] -- Under Week 1, in the suggested readings section, I have added a link to BBC pictures of this year's carnival in Venice, Italy.

Jan. 28 [Content] -- Under Week 1, I have posted today's Lecture notes, in various formats.

Jan. 27 [Other] -- Welcome to this class: to all, I wish a most pleasant and productive semester!

Jan. 26 [Content] -- You can see the final exam given in the Spring of 2007, in Acrobat format: version 1, or version 2. The correct answers are formatted in bold.

Jan. 25 [Technical] -- The web site is under construction: it has not been thoroughly tested.

Announcements | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


Calendar: class schedule, office hours, deadlines

Always check this site and the USB homepage for last-minute announcements about cancellations due to the weather or an emergency. The University Emergency Operations Center (EOC) allows you to monitor the latest forecasts, provides detailed notifications and updated information. As an alternative, you can rely on WUSB 90.1 FM Radio, Campus Cable Channel 8, News 12 and other local media stations.

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Announcements | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


Lectures and assignments, required and suggested readings

This list may be subject to minor changes and adjustments during the semester.
Required readings, together with class lectures and presentations, include all the topics covered in the exam.
Suggested readings may be used to research the topics and subtopics of the paper or to pursue personal interests.
The importance of each topic or reading is indicated with 0-3 stars:
(***) = absolutely necessary (approx. 60% of exam questions from these topics);
(**) = very important (approx. 30% of exam questions from these topics);
(*) = valuable (approx. 10% of exam questions from these topics);
no star = not essential (no exam questions or just bonus questions from these topics).

Follow these instructions for the best use of the files available on this page.
Lecture notes in HTML can be viewed online with most Internet browsers: the framed HTML version works best in Internet Explorer, and will work as well in Netscape, provided that you set the page to "Display like Internet Explorer" (use the button in the bottom left corner). In Firefox you may see each slide in a size that is smaller than your screen, and you may have to decrease font size (CTRL-Minus) to be able to read the text of the slide. Firefox seems to require more tweaking, and, if you know of an effective, simple trick, please let me know.
If you would rather see/print the notes in PowerPoint (.ppt), and you don't have a copy of that software, you can click here to download Microsoft's free PowerPoint viewer for Windows.
For the Acrobat (.pdf) version, you can download the latest version of the free Acrobat Reader, for Windows, MAC or Unix/Linux, from Adobe.
Text (.txt) and Rich Text Format files (.rtf) can be opened and edited with almost all word processors, and also inside most browsers.
Audio files in RealAudio are compatible with a variety of programs and media: if needed, RealPlayer software for different platforms can be downloaded for free at www.real.com.
Audio files in mp3 can be played on different platforms and different media. If you need assistance identifying the software you need, please contact me.
If your Internet connection is slow, you can estimate the size of the mp3 and RealAudio files that you find on this page using this simple formula: 4' = 1 MB.
In order to take the online tests, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls.

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Week 1 (Jan. 28, Jan. 30)

Topics
0.0 Italy 2008: pictures and talking points. "A life less Dolce." The "coriandoli" of Italian society. The 41st report on Italian society, by Censis. Bankitalia's report on income. Garbage in Naples. Governor Cuffaro's cannolis. Pope Benedict XVI and the University of Rome. The 60th anniversary of the Italian Constitution. The fall of the Prodi government. The Euphronios vase comes back to Italy. Benigni and Dante. The Day of Remembrance. (*)
0.1 A general overview of the class. The web site and its structure, contents. The syllabus.
0.2 The paper: recommendations and ideas. The format, the topics, drafts. Plagiarism: definition and examples.
0.3 The final exam. Preparing for the exam.

Topics
1.1 Different Italians. The South and the North of Italy. (**)
1.2 The slow process of political unification. (**)
1.3 Dual identities throughout Italian history. Unifying factors in Italian civilization. (***)
1.4 "La parola Italia" [The word Italy]. (***)
1.5 Obstacles along the path to Italy's cultural and political unification: geography and history. (**)
1.6 Italian proverbs and the strength of local cultures/identities. (**)
1.7 The Italian national anthem. Giorgio Gaber's song "I don't feel Italian" (2003). (**)
1.8 The Italian flag. The emblem of the Italian Republic. (**)
1.9 National identity and the issue of language. Standard Italian: its components. The state of the language in the early 19th century. (***)
1.10 Neolatin vernaculars in Italy. Examples of present-day Italian dialects. (*)
1.11 Body language in Italian society. Excerpts from "Gesture in Italian Speech," by Laura Raffa. Italian gestures. (*)
1.12 Bilingualism and diglossia in Italy. Bilingualism in the emigrant Italian communities. (**)
1.13 Foreign languages spoken in Italy.

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 0 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 0 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 0 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 0 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 7 MB); Presentation 0 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 7 MB)
- Presentation 0 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 0 in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
- Presentation 1 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 1 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 1 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 1 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 5.2 MB); Presentation 1 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 5.2 MB)
- Presentation 1 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 1 in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
- Presentation 1b in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 1b in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 1b in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 1b in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 3.6 MB); Presentation 1b in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 3.6 MB)
- Presentation 1b in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 1b in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: mono, 34 Kbps; Mp3 format: mono, 32 Kbps)
- Welcome. Lesson plan and introduction (Monday) (mp3, 2'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Italy 2008: current events, current issues (mp3, 46'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- The web site of this class. The syllabus (mp3, 11'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Welcome. Lesson plan and introduction (Wednesday). The paper, the final exam (mp3, 31'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 1.1 How many Italies? (slides 2-7) (mp3, 25'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 1.1-1.2, 1.6 Different Italians (slides 8-21, 49) (mp3, 16'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 1.3 Unifying factors in Italian civilization (slides 25-28) (mp3, 36'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 1.4 "The word Italy": findings and theories from a 2001 conference in Florence (slides 29-32) (mp3, 14'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 1.5 Geography, history, politics (slides 33-40, ) (mp3, 11'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 1.6 Proverbs and sayings (slides 41-48) (mp3, 6'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 1.7-1.8 The Italian national anthem, the Italian flag, the emblem of the Italian Republic (slides 50-58) (mp3, 20'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 1.9 National identity and the issue of language (slides 2-7) (mp3, 17'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 1.10-1.13 (slides 8-21) (mp3, 13'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on crucial issues in Italian civilization (6 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]

Suggested readings
- See pictures from this year's carnival in Venice, Italy, on the BBC News site: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_pictures/7212380.stm.
- You can listen to 2 clips from the song "Io non mi sento italiano", by Giorgio Gaber (2003): "I, G. G., was born and live in Milan..." (.mp3, 33", stereo); "I am sorry Mr. President..." (.mp3, 23", stereo).
- Listen to the Italian national anthem (scroll the page up a few lines, and then click on the link inside the gray box, above the lyrics, where you see the words "ascolta l'inno").
- From The New York Times (March 31, 2002): "In Italy, a Busy Crossroads of History" By Frederika Randall (free registration required; otherwise, click here to see the article in Acrobat format, no editing or printing allowed). This is a very simple piece from the travel section of the New York Times, highlighting the beauty of the region of Apulia and reminding the reader, through short statements by local Italians and simple historical references, how complex and rich the history of a small Italian region can be.
- if you want to see political and historical maps of Italy, you can visit this site http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/italy.html, or click here for an interactive map, where you can zoom from the entire peninsula to the map of a single city, with its main streets and the various neighborhood.

Required readings
- lecture notes.

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Week 2 (Feb. 4, Feb. 6)

Topics
2.1 Statistics and data about contemporary Italy. OECD: demographics, population (1985-2005). Population, by age (1960-1999, 2000-2050). Life expectancy at birth (2005). Ageing societies in Europe (2005, 2020). Foreign population (1989-2002). Population growth rate (1990-2005). Public support per child in the EU. (**)
2.2 Gross Domestic Product (2005). Economic growth of real GDP (1991-2005). (*)
2.3 Unemployment (1990-2005). Part-time employment (1990-2005). Average number of hours worked (1995-2005). (*)
2.4 Government debt and deficits (2005). Taxes (2005). Expenditure on research and development (1990-2003). New inventions (2003). Households with a home computer, access to the Internet (2005). (*)
2.5 The Italian census of 2001: demographics, families. Foreign-born residents. Geographic distribution. Distribution by municipality. Internal migration. (***)
2.6 The 2006 Caritas report on migration. (*)

Topics
3.1 Chronology of Italian civilization.
3.2 The Roman/Latin Era (753 BCE-476 CE). "Ab urbe condita": from the foundation of the city. 509 BCE-1453 CE: important dates in Roman civilization. (**)
3.3 The Middle Ages (476-1375 CE). The preservation of medieval culture and the revival of medieval traditions in Tuscany. Neo-guelphism. Maurice Hewlett and Tuscany: nature, history, race (The Road in Tuscany [1904]). (***)
3.4 Humanism (1375-1475): culture and the arts, socio-political structures, political events. (*)
3.5 Modernity (1551-1861): culture and politics. The last 150 years: national unification (1861-1871). The two World Wars, Fascism. The Republic (1946- ). (**)
3.6 The autonomy of the regions recognized by the Italian constitution. Federalism in Italian politics. The Northern League. The reform proposed by the Northern League (2005): the federal Senate. Bilingual street signs. (*)

Topics
3.7 The beginnings of the European Union. The first treaties leading to the creation of the EU. The absence of Great Britain. 1973-1995: the EU grows. 2003-2008: the EU 27. The euro. The main institutions of the EU. (**)
3.8 What kind of federation will the European Union become? Italy's positions. (*)
3.9 "A union of minorities": excerpts from a speech given by Romano Prodi on Feb. 28, 2002. (*)
3.10 A federation of states, not a super-state. Multilingualism. (**)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 2 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 2 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 2 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 2 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 1.4 MB); Presentation 2 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 1.3 MB)
- Presentation 2 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 2 in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 3 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 3 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 3 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 3 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 5.8 MB); Presentation 3 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 5.8 MB)
- Presentation 3 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 3 in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 3b in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 3b in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 3b in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 3b in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 1.5 MB); Presentation 3b in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 1.5 MB)
- Presentation 3b in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 3b in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: mono, 34 Kbps; Mp3 format: mono, 32 Kbps)
- Welcome. Lesson plan and introduction (Monday) (mp3, 4'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 2.1 Statistics and data about contemporary Italy (slides 2-10) (mp3, 42'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 2.2-2.5 The economy, the labor market, the government; the 2001 national census (slides 11-30) (mp3, 26'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Welcome. Lesson plan and introduction (Wednesday) (mp3, 5'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 2.6 Statistics and info about immigration to Italy (slides 31-41) (mp3, 27'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 2.6 Foreign immigrants in Italy: employment, lifestyle, crime (slides 42-46) (mp3, 30'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 3.1 Chronology of Italian civilization. "Ab urbe condita": from the foundation of the city (slides 2-5) (mp3, 7'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 3.7-3.10 The European Union (slides 2-20) (mp3, 17'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on statistics and data about modern Italy (5 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]
Quiz on the general overview of Italian civilization (7 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]

Suggested readings
- There are numerous links inside today's presentation.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- Andrea Fedi, "Maurice Hewlett and Tuscany's hidden treasures". (**)

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Week 3 (Feb. 11, Feb. 13)

Topics
4.1 Italy 1000 BCE - 400 BCE. (*)
4.2 Politics, culture, civilization, identity: the case of the Etruscans. (***)
4.3 The Etruscans: geography, basic history. Vicus Tuscus: the Etruscan Street (Rome). The Etruscans and the Romans. (**)
4.4 The Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria by George Dennis (London: 1848, 1878, 1883, 1907). (***)
4.5 Other texts on Etruscan civilization and Tuscany.

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 4 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 4 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 4 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 4 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 6.3 MB); Presentation 4 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 6.3 MB)
- Presentation 4 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 4 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 48 Kbps)
- Welcoming remarks, announcements. Lesson plan and introduction (Monday) (mp3, 9'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 3.2 Important dates/events in the history of Roman civilization (slides 6-7) (mp3, 6'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 3.3 The Middle Ages. Local identities and the revival of Medieval culture, the arts (slides 8-14) (mp3, 36'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 3.3 Neo-guelphism. Traveling to Tuscany in the late 1800s, early 1900s (slides 15-18) (mp3, 12'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 3.4-3.5 Humanism and the Renaissance. Modernity (slides 19-26) (mp3, 7'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Welcoming remarks, announcements. Lesson plan and introduction (Wednesday) (mp3, 4'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 3.5 Fascism, WWII, the Republic (slides 25-26) (mp3, 28'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 3.6 Regionalism and federalism in Italian politics (slides 27-35) (mp3, 16'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 4.1-4.3 The Etruscans: identity politics, history, culture (slides 2-11) (mp3, 23'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Suggested readings
- There are numerous links inside today's presentation.
- The Etruscan World: a very well-organized and informative virtual exhibition, from the University of Pennsylvania Museum.
- The Etruscans: basic Web site of the Mugello Valley archeological project (very interesting, plenty of pictures).
- Read the Introduction to an 1848 book on the Etruscans, written by George Dennis (it's in two parts, whose links are posted here): Introduction, Part I; Introduction, Part II.
- Or, instead of the introduction, you can read the following chapter from that book, Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria (even this is in two parts, linked here): Chap. XVIII, Part I; Chap. XVIII, Part II.
- On Dennis and D.H. Lawrence, see (inside JSTOR) Billy T. Tracy, "'Reading up the Ancient Etruscans': Lawrence's Debt to George Dennis," Twentieth Century Literature 23.4 (Dec. 1977): 437-50.
Keep in mind that our goal, when reading from George Dennis, is not primarily to learn about the Etruscans, but to get a better understanding of the representation and the appreciation of Pre-Roman civilizations in modern Western culture.

Required readings
- lecture notes.

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Week 4 (Feb. 18, Feb. 20)

Topics
4.6 The Indo-Europeans in Italy. (*)
4.7 Indo-European languages: recent theories, from "World's Farmers Sowed Languages as Well as Seeds" by Nicholas Wade (NYT 5/6/03). (*)
4.8 Early Italy: a map. (*)
4.9 Early Italy: the Greeks. Contributions by the Greeks to Roman civilization. Raphael: Aeneas escapes from burning Troy carrying his father (1514). Federico Barocci, Aeneas' Flight from Troy (1598). Aeneas carrying Anchises, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1618-19). The wolf suckles Romulus and Remus. (***)
4.10 The Griko dialect and the Italian Greeks. (*)
4.11 The Carthaginians. (**)
4.12 Early Italy: other cultures and peoples. The rape (Lat. raptus, meaning abduction) of the Sabine women: the third foundational myth of the Romans. Jacques-Louis David, The Intervention of the Sabine Women (1796-1799). (**)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 4b in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 4b in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 4b in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 4b in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 5.6 MB); Presentation 4b in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 5.6 MB)
- Presentation 4b in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 4b in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 48 Kbps)
- Welcoming remarks, announcements. Lesson plan and introduction (Monday) (mp3, 9'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 4.4 The Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria (slides 12-24) (mp3, 28'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 4.6-4.9 The Indo-Europeans. Early civilization in Italy: the Greeks (slides 2-10) (mp3, 14'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Welcoming remarks, announcements (Wednesday) (mp3, 4'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 4.9 The myth of Aeneas (slides 12-14) (mp3, 20'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 4.9-4.12 The wolf, Romulus and Remus. The rape of the Sabine women (slides 15-25) (mp3, 20'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on ancient civilizations in Italy (4 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]

Suggested readings
- There are numerous links inside today's presentation.
- A short, simple piece on the Roman calendar: http://www.crowl.org/Lawrence/time/months.html.
- A more elaborate site on the Roman calendar, with interesting images: http://webexhibits.org/calendars/calendar-roman.html.
- Roman art and architecture from various periods: lots of images and short commentaries: http://harpy.uccs.edu/images/roman/html/roman.html.
- A virtual exhibition on The Roman world, from the University of Pennsylvania Museum.
- To supplement your knowledge of practical aspects of Roman life, let me recommend to you this good virtual tour of a Roman "Villa rustica" located in Southern Germany (in English, quick and informative): http://www.villa-rustica.de/tour/toure.html.
- A 2003 article from the New York Times, presenting recent discoveries about the Etruscans and their civilization
- "The Young American Nation and the Classical World": an article in Acrobat format (1.9 MB), by Edwin A. Miles (Journal of the History of Ideas 35.2 [Apr.-Jun. 1974], 259-74).
- The Laws of the XII tables (in English, with notes and commentary): http://www.constitution.org/sps/sps01_1.htm.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- excerpts from the Roman historian Livy, recounting the foundational myths of the Romans. (**)

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Week 5 (Feb. 25, Feb. 27)

Topics
5.1 Foundational myths of the Romans: common themes. (***)
5.2 Characteristics of the ancient Romans. (**)
5.3 What remains of Roman civilization. Aosta from the sky. The Roman forum. (***)
5.4 Pompeii. (*)
5.5 Roman civilization and language. (**)
5.6 The calendar. (*)
5.7 Roman law. The idea of a secular state. Written laws, precedents, the discretion of judges. Judges and jurists. Law and society. Public and private law. Justinian. (**)
5.8 The American Founding Fathers and Rome. The US as the new Rome. Palladio. Jefferson in France. The US Capitol. George Washington as Cincinnatus. Neoclassical architecture in the US. (**)
5.9 "There's Nothing Conservative About the Classics' Revival," by Garry Wills (NYT, 1997). Women studies. Multiculturalizing the canon. The classics as tools of subversion. Intentional omissions and the notion of a "classical age." Multiculturalism in the Aeneid. The study of Latin. Classics in translation. (***)

Topics
5.10 The classics in the Italian curriculum. (**)
5.11 Classical architecture in Italy: barbarians and Barberinis. The vanished bronze statues. Marcus Aurelius. Classical antiquities during the Middle Ages: Master Gregory visits Rome. (*)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 5 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 5 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 5 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 5 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 11.2 MB!); Presentation 5 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 11.2 MB!)
- Presentation 5 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 5 in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 5b in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 5b in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 5b in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 5b in PowerPoint (.ppt); Presentation 5b in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version)
- Presentation 5b in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 5b in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 48 Kbps)
- Welcoming remarks, announcements. Lesson plan and introduction (Monday) (mp3, 6'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 5.3-5.4, 5.7 What remains of Roman civilization (slides 5-14, 19-28) (mp3, 30'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 5.8 The Founding Fathers and Rome. Lucca's Piazza Anfiteatro (slides 29-39, 52) (mp3, 19'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Welcoming remarks, announcements. Lesson plan and introduction (Wednesday) (mp3, 6'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 5.1-5.2, 5.5-5.6, 5.9 The relevance of Roman civilization in modern times (slides 2-4, 15-18, 40-51) (mp3, 34'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 5.10-5.11 The classics in Italian society (slides 2-10) (mp3, 11'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Suggested readings
- There are numerous links inside today's presentation.
- This is a collection of sites about Hannibal, the great Carthaginian general who defeated the Romans on their own Italian grounds:
- A site on Hannibal, with useful information about his Roman counterpart, general Scipio Africanus: http://www.livius.org/ha-hd/hannibal/hannibal.html (plenty of interesting links, images and documents, all in English).
- Machiavelli mentioned Hannibal and Scipio in a key passage of the Prince: http://www.constitution.org/mac/prince17.htm (in English).
- A short excerpt on the assassination of Julius Caesar, from the biography written by Greek historian Plutarch: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/plutarch-caesar.html (in English).
- A page with links to each of the scenes of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar: http://the-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/julius_caesar/index.html
- Reviews of the movie Spartacus can be found at http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/Spartacus-1019544/
- If you have chosen to write a paper on the topic of Italian Fascism and ancient Rome [Topic no. 08], remember that your paper must focus on references to ancient Rome and its civilization in Fascist propaganda and/or in Fascist culture. If you visit the following link, inside the Stony Brook library page, http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you will find, inside the database called JSTOR, plenty of articles on this topic. In particular, I recommend that you use one or more of the following:

- In the Stony Brook library page, at http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you can click on the link for the database called JSTOR, to find this article (which you can read on screen, download as an Acrobat file, or print): "Cinema and the Fall of Rome" by Martin M. Winkler, Transactions of the American Philological Association (1974-), Volume 125 (1995), 135-154.
- One of the best sites available on the Roman gladiators, with relevant remarks on the movie Gladiator: http://ablemedia.com/ctcweb/consortium/gladiators.html.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- excerpts from James Hay, Popular Film Culture in Fascist Italy (password required). (**)

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Week 6 (Mar. 3, Mar. 5)

Topics
6.1 Ancient Rome: the monarchy. The seven kings of Rome. Livy's History of Rome. (**)
6.2 Ancient Rome: the Republic (509 BCE - 27 BCE). National character and military expansion. (**)
6.3 Social classes in Roman society. Patricians and Plebeians. Was the Roman Republic a split society? (**)
6.4 Foreigners and slaves in ancient Rome. Slaves in Roman society: familia urbana. The emancipation of Roman slaves (from Bonnie Palmer, "The Cultural Significance of Roman Manumission", 1996). Slaves in the fields: familia rustica. William Fitzgerald, Slavery and the Roman Literary Imagination (2000). (**)
6.5 The 3 meals of the Romans (from C.A.E. Luschnig, "Potes esurire mecum"): breakfast, lunch, dinner. Wine, conviviality. The Roman dining room: triclinium. The table napkins of the clients. Sauces made with fish or wine. Apicius's recipe book. (*)
Scenes from Federico Fellini's Roma (1972), Satyricon (1969).

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 6 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 6 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 6 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 6 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 2.2 MB); Presentation 6 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 2.2 MB)
- Presentation 6 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 6 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 48 Kbps)
- Monday's recordings were deleted accidentally, and therefore are not available for posting.
- Announcements, lesson plan (Wednesday) (mp3, 2'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Scenes from Fellini's Roma: commentary (mp3, 7'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Scenes from Fellini's Roma and Satyricon: commentary (mp3, 10'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Scenes from Carmine Gallone's Scipione l'Africano (1937): commentary (mp3, 32'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Classicism and neoclassicism - The organization of Roman society (7 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]

Suggested readings
- There are links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- A simple page on the life of Roman soldiers from the Web site of PBS: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/warriorchallenge/romans/profile.html.
- An interview with military strategist Edward Luttwak, on general topics, and with biographical notes linking him to Italy: he's quite a character. The interview appeared on the Financial times in 1999: http://kansalaistalo.jns.fi/tietoyhteiskunta/luttwak.htm.
- From the site of PBS, a simple page on the fortress of Masada, and its conquest by the Romans.
- If you visit the following link, inside the Stony Brook library page, http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you can click on the link for the database called JSTOR, to find these interesting articles on Tacitus and on Rome, during this period:
- Williams, Mary Frances, "Four Mutinies: Tacitus 'Annals' 1.16-30; 1.31-49 and Ammianus Marcellinus 'Res Gestae' 20.4.9-20.5.7; 24.3.1-8," Phoenix, 51.1 (Spring 1997): 44-74.
- Laupot, Eric, "Tacitus' Fragment 2: The Anti-Roman Movement of the 'Christiani' and the Nazoreans," Vigiliae Christianae, 54.3 (2000): 233-47.
- Heller, Wendy, "Tacitus Incognito: Opera as History in 'L'incoronazione di Poppea'," Journal of the American Musicological Society, 52.1, (Spring 1999), 39-96.
- Patterson, John R., "The City of Rome: From Republic to Empire," The Journal of Roman Studies 82 (1992): 186-215.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- Tacitus describes a mutiny of the Roman legions (from the Annals, Book I). (**)

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Week 7 (Mar. 10, Mar. 12)

Topics
7.1 Rome vs. Carthage (270 BCE). The three Punic wars. Roman historian Livy on the unique character of the second Punic War. Livy and an anecdote from Hannibal's life. (*)
7.2 Hannibal in Italian culture. A rap on Hannibal. Children's songs, movies on Hannibal. (**)
7.3 The last 100 years of the Roman Republic. The first servile war. Tiberius Gracchus and his reform. Patrician landowners vs. small farmers. Another Gracchus, three 3 more wars. Spartacus. The Civil War between Caesar and Pompey (49-45 BCE). Cato. The Roman Empire. (**)
7.4 Conclusions: time, history, culture. The Christian timeline: simple progress vs. constant progress. The cyclical evolution of time. Cyclical time in Machiavelli's politics. (**)
The Ara Pacis Museum (Rome): slideshow.

Topics
8.1 James Hay, Popular Film Culture in Fascist Italy (1987). Roman civilization became very popular in Fascist Italy. Fasces and other Roman symbols/icons. (**)
8.2 Scipione l'Africano (dir. Carmine Gallone, 1937). Scipione and Mussolini. Scipio and the future glory of Italy. Mussolini as a classical/fictional hero. Bartolomeo Pagano. Mussolini and the Greco-Roman movie heroes. (**)
8.3 The plot of Scipione l'Africano (based on notes by Regina Marcazzò-Skarka). (**)
8.4 Italy past and present in the movie Scipione l'Africano. Movie projects on Hannibal, to be produced by Sony, Fox. (***)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 7 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 7 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 7 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 7 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 1.5 MB); Presentation 7 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 1.5 MB)
- Presentation 7 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 7 in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 8 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 8 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 8 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 8 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 4.3 MB); Presentation 8 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 4.3 MB)
- Presentation 8 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 8 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 48 Kbps)
- Welcoming remarks, announcements, questions (Monday) (mp3, 15'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 7.1, Rome vs. Carthage (slides 2-9) (mp3, 28'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 7.2 Hannibal in Italian culture (slides 10-12) (mp3, 11'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 7.3-7.4 From the Republic to the Empire (slides 13-30) (mp3, 20'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Welcoming remarks, announcements. Questions about the paper (Wednesday) (mp3, 8'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 8.1-8.4, Fascism and Roman civilization; the movie Scipione l'Africano (slides 2-29) (mp3, 39'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Scenes from the movie Scipione l'Africano: commentary (mp3, 19'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Rome vs. Carthage - Ancient Rome in fiction (4 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- You can read a very good Chapter entitled "Cosmopolis: Rome as World City", written by Catharine Edwards and Greg Woolf (from a volume edited by them, entitled Rome the Cosmopolis, Cambridge UP, 2003). It is in Acrobat format.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- Tacitus about Nero and Agrippina, the great fire of Rome and the Christians (from the Annals, Books XII, XIV and XV). (**)

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Week 8 (Mar. 24, Mar. 26)

Topics
9.1 Spartacus is a movie based on a 1951 novel by Howard Fast. The plot of the movie Spartacus (based on notes by John Barodin): the gladiatorial school. Senator Crassus, the revolt. Glabrus, Crassus. Defeat, crucifixion. The ending. (**)
9.2 Hollywood's Rome: Spartacus (1960; dir. Stanley Kubrick). Spartacus and Italian geography. Spartacus and the Roman empire. Spartacus and Roman society: Romans in Spartacus. From greatness to decadence. The disconnect between Roman civilization and Italian history. Emblematic value of the representation of Roman civilization. The framing of Spartacus: the first scene. Hollywood's Rome: ethnicity in Spartacus. (***)
9.3 The plot of the movie Gladiator (based on notes by John Barodin): the soldier vs. the son of the Emperor. (**)
9.4 Hollywood's Rome: Gladiator (2000; dir. Ridley Scott). Gladiator and the greatness of Rome. Gladiator and Italy. Ambition, progress. (***)
9.5 The historical novel Pompeii (2003), by Robert Harris: quotes following the title page. A map of Campania with the aqueduct known as Aqua Augusta. The main characters in the novel. The plot and the organization of the events: The first day (Aug. 22, 79 CE). The second day (Aug. 23, 79 CE). The third and fourth day (Aug. 24-25, 79 CE): the eruption. Historical elements and themes associated with them. The Aqua Augusta: leadership and technology, technology and civilization. (*)

Topics
10.0 The Roman Empire around the year 25 BCE. (*)
10.1 Summary of the excerpts from The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire, by Edward N. Luttwak, 1976. (***)
10.2 Excerpts from The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire. The fundamentals. Superiority of the Romans? Weaponry and leadership. Political goals and the military. Political use of military power. Conserve force, advance slowly. Avoid losses whenever possible. A complex security system, hard to bring down. Deterrence. (***)
10.3 Systems of imperial security. Goals and results of the 3 systems. (***)
10.4 About the Roman infantry. Discipline and propaganda in the Roman army. The organization of the Roman army. Josephus describes the Roman army: the chain of command, the ranks. (*)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 9 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 9 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 9 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 9 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 2.2 MB); Presentation 9 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 2.2 MB)
- Presentation 9 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 9 in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 10 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 10 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 10 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 10 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 1.7 MB); Presentation 10 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 1.7 MB)
- Presentation 10 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 10 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 48 Kbps)
- Welcoming remarks, announcements, questions about the paper (Monday) (mp3, 19'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 9.1-9.2, Spartacus (slides 2-24) (mp3, 38'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 9.3-9.4, Gladiator (slides 25-33) (mp3, 10'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 9.5, Pompeii (slides 34-36) (mp3, 8'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Welcoming remarks, announcements, questions about the paper (Wednesday) (mp3, 12'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 9.5, Pompeii (slides 36-49) (mp3, 41'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 10.1 Summary of the excerpts from The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire, by Edward N. Luttwak (slides 2-3) (mp3, 18'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- Here you find a list of references to the Emperor Nero in modern popular culture: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nero_in_popular_culture.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- St. Augustine, excerpts from The City of God: on the virtues of the ancient Romans, on God and the Roman empire. (**)

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Week 9 (Mar. 31, Apr. 2)

Topics
11.0 Tacitus and the idea of a decadent Roman empire.
11.1 Publius Cornelius Tacitus: his life and career. (*)
11.2 The rediscovery of Tacitus by humanists. (*)
11.3 Tacitus and Tacitism during the late Renaissance. (**)
11.4 Classical historiography. Imperial decadence in the history books of the Romans. Roman historiography and the Senate. Roman historiography and the Emperors. (**)
11.5 The mutiny of the legions: Percennius. Tacitus's agenda. The premise. The instigator. The reaction of the soldiers. The reaction of the commanding officer. The aftermath of the first mutiny. Mutiny spreads to strategic areas of the Empire. The inadequate reaction of the Emperor; a worrisome pattern at the court. The simple strategy of Drusus, the simple minds of the soldiers. Tiberius's letter: political maneuvering, the blame game and other tricks of absolute rulers. The primitive minds of the soldiers, the casual tactics of Drusus. The superstition of the soldiers, judged by the Stoic thinker Tacitus. The slaughter that ended the second mutiny, in Germany. Final considerations. (***)

Topics
11.6 The life of Nero: chronology of the main events. (*)
11.7 How Nero becomes Emperor at the age of 17. (**)
11.8 The murder of Agrippina. Elements of a literary tragedy inside the narration of the murder of Agrippina. Tacitus: the sin of incest, the art of innuendo. Incest, superstition, verisimilitude. Agrippina's theatrical death: a tragic fate. After the crime: guilt, panic, hypocrisy, cowardice. The responsibility and incompetence of the Senate: the opposition has high moral values, lacks a political plan. The consequences of sinful behavior. (***)
11.10 Suetonius on the Golden House of Nero. Optional readings on Tacitus and Nero.
11.11 Claudio Monteverdi's opera on Nero, The Coronation of Poppea. Nero the immoral tyrant, whose behavior affects the moral sanity of single souls. Power and personal whims. The immoral conclusion, the final duet. Ettore Petrolini's Nero (1930): a parody of Mussolini? (*)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 11a in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 11a in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 11a in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 11a in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 7.7 MB); Presentation 11a in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 7.7 MB)
- Presentation 11a in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 11a in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 11b in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 11b in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 11b in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 11b in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 3.5 MB); Presentation 11b in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 3.5 MB)
- Presentation 11b in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 11b in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 48 Kbps)
- Welcoming remarks, announcements, questions about the exam and the paper (Monday) (mp3, 20'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 11.0, Introduction, summary of the main points of this presentation (slides 2-3) (mp3, 12'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 11.1, The life and ideology of Tacitus (slides 4-6) (mp3, 11'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 11.2-11.3, The rediscovery of Tacitus during humanism (slides 7-13) (mp3, 14'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 11.4-11.5, Historiography and politics in ancient Rome; the mutiny of the legions (slides 14-30) (mp3, 17'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Welcoming remarks, announcements, general introduction (Wednesday) (mp3, 4'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 11.5, The mutiny of the legions (slides 30-51) (mp3, 32'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 11.6-11.7, Nero: how Roman emperors are chosen (slides 2-8) (mp3, 17'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 11.8-11.10, The murder of Agrippina, Monteverdi's opera on Nero (slides 9-30) (mp3, 16'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on the strategies of the Roman Empire, on Tacitus, and on the mutiny of the legions (6 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]
Quiz on Emperor Nero and the idea of decadence - The fall of the Roman Empire (10 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- read this article from the site of PBS, which includes the opinions of several scholars, trying to put into perspective the growth of Christian religion during the Roman Empire: "Why did Christianity succeed?" (*)

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Week 10 (Apr. 7, Apr. 9)

Topics
12.1 Recent attempts to explain the fall of the Roman empire. The beginning of the end: Commodus. Septimus Severus (193-211 CE). Trade deficit, the mines, hyperinflation. Diocletian (284-305 CE): his temporary solutions. His political reforms. Living conditions in the rural areas. Reduced mobility, the Empire divided. Constantine (305-337 CE). Constantine's donation. Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom). The end. (***)
12.2 The fall of the empire in Valerio Massimo Manfredi, The Last Legion (2002). (*)
12.3 Final remarks on the fall of the Roman Empire. Aldo Schiavone, The End of the Past: Ancient Rome and the Modern West (Harvard UP, 2000). (**)
12.4 Valerio Massimo Manfredi, The Last Legion (2002): the plot, the characters, the themes. Key ideas in the book. (*)

Topics
13.1 The life and death of Roman poet Lucretius. (*)
13.2 Lucretius: On the Nature of Things. Atomism and materialism. Lucretius and Epicurus. (***)
13.3 Religion as a social practice in ancient Rome. The religion of ancient Romans: sacrificial offerings. Superstition. Ethics, religion and politics. (**)
13.4 Seneca and the practice of self-examination. (*)
13.5 Cato the Elder, The Harvest Ritual (circa 160 BCE). The prayer of Scipio Africanus (from Livy, History of Rome). Actual inscriptions from Roman temples. Certificate of sacrifice to the traditional pagan gods (250 CE). (*)
13.6 The ancient Romans, polytheism, and the gods of other religions. St. Paul in Athens. The deification of Roman emperors. The early Christians and the meat of the Pagans. (*)
13.7 The Roman way of life: ancient Romans and other cultures. (**)
13.8 The ancient Romans, the Jews, and the Christians. Messianism and politics. Tacitus on the Christians in Rome. (*)
13.9 Pliny's letter to the Emperor Trajan. (**)
13.10 Alexamenos and his god.
13.11 Excerpts from "Cocullo Snake charmers, A pagan and Christian tradition" by Elena Foresti. St. Anthony's feast in Capena. (*)
13.12 Excerpts from Michael Carroll, Madonnas that Maim. Popular Catholicism in Italy, Chapter 4, "The Dark Side of Holiness". (**)

Topics
14.1 St. Augustine (354-430). The Manicheans. St. Ambrose and the allegorical interpretation of the Bible, of faith and life. St. Augustine's conversion. The frescoes of Benozzo Gozzoli in San Gimignano. (**)
14.2 St. Augustine on grace and salvation, on the sack of Rome, on God and the Roman Empire. How St. Augustine read the classics. Why he valued the classics. (**)
14.3 St. Augustine: metaphors that he popularized and that are still popular among Christians. (**)
14.4 The 4 Latin doctors of the Church, in a medieval manuscript: Augustine, Ambrose, Jerome, Gregory.
14.5 The Temporal Reward Which God Granted To The Romans (from St. Augustine's The city of God, 5.15). Examples of the extraordinary virtues of the ancient Romans: Mucius. Ferdinand Bol, Titus Manlius Torquatus Beheading His Son (1661-63). Rubens, Mucius Scaevola and Porsenna (1620). Giambattista Tiepolo, Mucius Scaevola (1750-53). The virtues of the Romans, from The city of God. (**)
14.6 Christianity and Roman civilization. St. Augustine and medieval culture. (**)
14.7 Conclusions. (***)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 12 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 12 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 12 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 12 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 4.7 MB); Presentation 12 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 4.7 MB)
- Presentation 12 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 12 in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 13 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 13 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 13 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 13 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 2.1 MB); Presentation 13 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 2.1 MB)
- Presentation 13 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 13 in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 14 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 14 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 14 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 14 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 8.5 MB); Presentation 14 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 8.5 MB)
- Presentation 14 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 14 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 48 Kbps)
- Welcoming remarks, announcements (Monday) (mp3, 2'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 12.1, Introduction, the fall of the Roman empire (slides 2-7) (mp3, 28'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 12.1-12.2, The fall of the Roman empire: Diocletian, Constantine, the barbarians (slides 8-17, 22) (mp3, 27'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 12.2-12.4, Valerio Massimo Manfredi's novel, The last legion, Schiavone on the fall of the Roman empire (slides 18-21, 27-40) (mp3, 13'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 48 Kbps)
- Announcements, introduction, the interactive quizzes (Wednesday) (mp3, 8'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Presentation 13 (all) (mp3, 38'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Presentation 14 (all) (mp3, 10'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Audioclips (supplementary lectures)
Download or listen online to relevant segments about some of this week's presentations, from the 2007 Spring semester:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- 13.1-13.3, slides 2-7: the Roman poet Lucretius, atomistic philosophy and pagan religion; Stoics and Epicureans in Rome (32')
- 13.3-13.4, slides 8-14: religion in ancient Roman society (27')
- 13.5-13.9, slides 15-35: various documents about religion in ancient Rome (18')
- 13.9-13.10, slides 34-36: Pliny's report on the Christians; Christianity and the "pagan" religions (16')
- 13.11-13.12, slides 37-44: Christian rituals and pagan rituals, beliefs (24')
- 14.1-14.9, slides 2-9: St. Augustine's life; the Manicheans; St. Ambrose and the allegoric interpretation of the Scriptures; Augustine's conversion (20')
- 14.2-14.4, slides 10-17: general overview and recap: Christian ideology and classical culture, medieval culture; The City of God (27')
- 14.5-14.7, slides 18-29: the virtues of the Romans, according to St. Augustine (30')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- 13.1-13.3, slides 2-7: the Roman poet Lucretius, atomistic philosophy and pagan religion; Stoics and Epicureans in Rome (32')
- 13.3-13.4, slides 8-14: religion in ancient Roman society (27')
- 13.5-13.9, slides 15-35: various documents about religion in ancient Rome (18')
- 13.9-13.10, slides 34-36: Pliny's report on the Christians; Christianity and the "pagan" religions (16')
- 13.11-13.12, slides 37-44: Christian rituals and pagan rituals, beliefs (24')
- 14.1-14.9, slides 2-9: St. Augustine's life; the Manicheans; St. Ambrose and the allegoric interpretation of the Scriptures; Augustine's conversion (20')
- 14.2-14.4, slides 10-17: general overview and recap: Christian ideology and classical culture, medieval culture; The City of God (27')
- 14.5-14.7, slides 18-29: the virtues of the Romans, according to St. Augustine (30')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Religion in Roman culture and society (6 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]
Quiz on Classicism and Christian culture - Feudalism and chivalric literature (5 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]
Quiz on St. Francis of Assisi, medieval culture and society (4 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- Read one or two cantos from Ariosto's Orlando Enraged: http://omacl.org/Orlando/;
- Read a New York Times article on the great Sicilian puppeteers and their reenactments of the epic battles between Christians and Muslims: http://www.pupisiciliani.com/eng/links/nyt_sicilian_puppets.htm;
- A hypertext about Roland, with references to the Italian tradition: http://www.wordsend.org/rht/rhtindex.html;
- Watch videos (in Italian) of summer productions based on chivalric literature, from the small village of Costabona, in the Italian Apennines: http://www.costabona.it/scarica.htm;
- To learn more about St. Francis, you can look at some of the sections (in English) of the web page of the Basilica of St. Francis in Assisi: http://www.sanfrancescoassisi.org/index.php?lang=eng; I particularly recommend the chronology: http://www.sanfrancescoassisi.org/index.php?dir=storia&lang=eng&url=cronologia.htm; also of interest, the interactive map of the church, with links to all the frescoes of the life of St. Francis: http://www.sanfrancescoassisi.org/index.php?dir=arte&subdir=ciclostoriesf&lang=eng&url=index.php;
- You may also want to look at this documents: the Testament of St. Francis (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/stfran-test.html); the rule of the Franciscan order (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/stfran-rule.html); an excerpt from Thomas of Celano's Life of St. Francis (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/stfran-lives.html); the article on St. Francis from the Catholic encyclopedia (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06221a.htm).

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- St. Francis of Assisi, The Canticle of the Sun. (***)

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Week 11 (Apr. 14, Apr. 16)

Topics
15.1 The Early Middle Ages: summary of the topics.
15.2 The Middle Ages: the definition. Localization and fragmentation. Society and culture. The dark age? The originality of medieval culture. (**)
15.3 The Eastern Roman Empire expands its influence (6th century). Charlemagne (742-814), king of the Franks. The Papacy and the Empire. (*)
15.4 Chivalric literature. The pupi siciliani. The great modern pupari. (**)
15.5 Italo Calvino, The castle of crossed destinies (1969). (*)
15.6 Feudalism. The pyramid of power inside Feudalism. The castles. Lord and vassal: mutual rights and obligations. (**)

Topics
16.1 St. Francis of Assisi (c. 1182-1226): his life. (**)
16.2 Giotto and St. Francis of Assisi. (**)
16.3 St. Francis of Assisi, The Canticle of the Sun. (***)
16.4 The Canticle of the Sun: religious sources. (***)
16.5 St. Francis and Christian religion. On perfect gladness (from the Little Flowers of St. Francis). (**)
16.6 The theory of the four elements. The theory of the natural place. A model of the universe. Aristotle's first mover. (***)
16.7 Aristotle in Western culture. Galileo Galilei and the followers of Aristotle. (*)
16.8 The theory of the four elements in Hildegard of Bingen. (*)
16.9 A modern opera on St. Francis of Assisi: excerpts from "The Vision of a Mystic" By Anthony Tommasini, NYT, Sept. 30, 2002. (*)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 15 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 15 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 15 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 15 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 5.8 MB); Presentation 15 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 5.8 MB)
- Presentation 15 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 15 in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 16 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 16 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 16 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 16 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 8.2 MB); Presentation 16 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 8.2 MB)
- Presentation 16 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 16 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 48 Kbps)
- Announcements, introduction, the political elections in Italy (Monday) (mp3, 27'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Presentation 15 (all) (mp3, 36'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Announcements, introduction (Wednesday) (mp3, 7'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 16.1, The life of St. Francis (slides 2-5) (mp3, 25'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 16.2 Giotto's frescoes on the life of St. Francis (slides 6-13) (mp3, 27'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 16.3-16.5 A poem by St. Francis (slides 14-23) (mp3, 11'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Audioclips (supplementary lectures)
Download or listen online to relevant segments about some of this week's presentations, from the 2007 Spring semester:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Medieval history; Chivalric literature of yesterday and today (13')
- Remnants of feudal culture in Italian society, with reference to the Mafia and to the public administration in Italy (28')
- Topics 16.1-16.2, slides 2-13: St. Francis of Assisi, his life and the culture of his times (39')
- Topics 16.3-16.5, slides 14-23: analysis of a poem by St. Francis of Assisi (27')
- Topics 16.6-16.8, slides 24-37: the theory of the four elements (21')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Medieval history; Chivalric literature of yesterday and today (13')
- Remnants of feudal culture in Italian society, with reference to the Mafia and to the public administration in Italy (28')
- Topics 16.1-16.2, slides 2-13: St. Francis of Assisi, his life and the culture of his times (39')
- Topics 16.3-16.5, slides 14-23: analysis of a poem by St. Francis of Assisi (27')
- Topics 16.6-16.8, slides 24-37: the theory of the four elements (21')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Dante, medieval culture and society (9 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- Digital Dante at Columbia, http://dante.ilt.columbia.edu/; includes links on Dante's Comedy and the arts (something similar, in Italian, here: http://www.italica.rai.it/principali/dante/)
- Professor Charles Franco's page on Dante, http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/index.htm, with more links, and a translation of the Divine Comedy, with footnotes. To learn more about Dante's attitude towards Classical culture, after Canto 4 read an episode from Canto 26 of the Inferno, "Ulysses": http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/Inferno26.htm; consider especially the positive way in which Dante presents the character of Ulysses, from Homer's Iliad and Odyssey: focus on vv. 52-142;
- Suggested readings focusing on the content and the characters of the episode of Paolo and Francesca (Inferno, Canto 5): The Arthurian legends (http://www.bartleby.com/211/1214.html); Guinevere (http://www.english.ubc.ca/~sechard/344guen.htm); "Francesca's sweet new subversive style" (http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Italian_Studies/LD/numbers/03/fleming.html);
- A storybook romance, Dante's Paolo and Francesca (http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?ID=293); this is a site made for teachers, which includes relevant questions and significant points for analysis).
- Video clips (format: .wmv; language: Italian) from Roberto Benigni's show on the last canto of Dante's The Divine Comedy: http://www.robertobenigni.altervista.org/paradiso.htm;
- This is the address of the section of an Australian exhibit which shows the wonderful illustrations of The Divine Comedy made by William Blake: http://www.ngv.vic.gov.au/collection/international/print/b/blake/dante.html;
- An interview with Matthew Pearl about his literary thriller, The Dante Club: http://www.bostonphoenix.com/boston/news_features/qa/documents/02844054.htm;
- Another interview to Pearl, on National Public Radio (audio file, approx. 10' long): http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1180097.

Required readings
- lecture notes;
- Introduction to Dante's Inferno: http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/Inferno_int.htm; (*)
- Paolo and Francesca (Canto 5): http://www.italianstudies.org/comedy/Inferno5.htm (focus on the episode of the two lovers, vv. 70-142). (**)

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Week 12 (Apr. 23)

Topics
17.0 The medieval City-state. (**)
17.1 Dante Alighieri (1265-1321). (*)
17.2 Dante Alighieri: his works. (***)
17.3 The structure of Dante's Inferno (Hell). The world in the Middle Ages. (***)
17.4 Inferno, Canto 4. (**)
17.5 Excerpts from Italian studies in North America. Ed. by Massimo Ciavolella and Amilcare A. Iannucci. Ottawa: Dovehouse Editions, 1994. (**)
17.6 Dante and the Italian language. (**)
17.7 Inferno, Canto 5: references to classical civilization. The characters, the sources. The historical evidence. The literary sources (Dante, Boccaccio). (***)
17.8 Inferno, Canto 5: pity and attraction in Dante. Francesca speaks to Dante using the language of courtesy. Dante's reaction. The opposition between sinful literature and the new enlightening literature of the Comedy. (***)
17.9 The Dante Club: "All Literary Allusions Abandon, Ye Who Enter Here," By Janet Maslin, NYT Feb. 7, 2003. (*)
17.10 Roberto Benigni and Dante. (*)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 17 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 17 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 17 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 17 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 5.2 MB); Presentation 17 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 5.2 MB)
- Presentation 17 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 17 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 64 Kbps)
- Announcements, introduction, questions about the final exam: Wednesday (mp3, 16'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 16.6-9 St. Francis, his poem, the theory of the 4 elements (slides 23-37) (mp3, 9'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 17.0-17.2 Politics and society in a city-state, Dante and his works (slides 2-9) (mp3, 17'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 17.2-4 The Divine Comedy, the world according to medieval scholar, canto 4 of the Inferno (slides 9-13) (mp3, 9'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Audioclips (supplementary lectures)
Download or listen online to relevant segments about some of this week's presentations, from the 2007 Spring semester:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topics 17.0-17.1, slides 2-8: life inside a city-state in the late Middle Ages; Dante's exile from Florence (14')
- Recap and topic 17.2, slide 9: Dante's works and the culture of a medieval city-state (32')
- Topic 17.3, slides 10-12: the view of the universe in Dante's culture (17')
- Topics 17.4-17.8, slides 13-41: Inferno, canto 4; canto 5, Paolo and Francesca (21')
- Topics 17.9-17.10, slides 42-47: Dante in popular culture, fiction and the media (10')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topics 17.0-17.1, slides 2-8: life inside a city-state in the late Middle Ages; Dante's exile from Florence (14')
- Recap and topic 17.2, slide 9: Dante's works and the culture of a medieval city-state (32')
- Topic 17.3, slides 10-12: the view of the universe in Dante's culture (17')
- Topics 17.4-17.8, slides 13-41: Inferno, canto 4; canto 5, Paolo and Francesca (21')
- Topics 17.9-17.10, slides 42-47: Dante in popular culture, fiction and the media (10')

Interactive quizzes
In order to take this online test, you may have to configure your browser to allow the Web page to run scripts and ActiveX controls:
Quiz on Boccaccio and the transition from medieval culture to humanism (5 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- The Decameron Web, at Brown University, contains a lot of useful material on Boccaccio and his masterpiece: http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Italian_Studies/dweb/dweb.shtml;
- Read about the Plague epidemic of 1348 in Florence: http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Italian_Studies/dweb/plague/index.shtml;
- Read the description of the 1348 plague epidemic, from Boccaccio's Decameron: http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/decameron/engDecShowText.php?myID=d01intro&expand=day01.

Required readings
- the first novella from Boccaccio's Decameron, the novella of Ciappelletto (link points to an external server, which may be slow at times). (***)

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Week 13 (Apr. 28, Apr. 30)

Topics
18.1 Giovanni Boccaccio's life. (**)
18.2 The Decameron (1348-51). The structure of the Decameron. (**)
18.3 Multiple points of view in Ciappelletto's novella (Dec. 1.1). Analysis of the novella. (***)
18.4 Pierpaolo Pasolini's movie Decameron (1971). (**)
18.5 Boccaccio's novella and its protagonist, Ciappelletto. Final remarks. (***)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 18 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 18 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 18 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 18 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 0.2 MB); Presentation 18 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 0.2 MB)
- Presentation 18 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 18 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 64 Kbps)
- Announcements, introduction, questions about the paper: Monday (mp3, 8'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 17.6-17.8 Dante and the Italian language, Canto 5, Paolo and Francesca (slides 21-41) (mp3, 36'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Questions about various topics in presentation 17: Virgil, the universe according to Medieval scholars, the popularity of Dante (mp3, 13'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Audioclips (supplementary lectures)
Download or listen online to relevant segments about some of this week's presentations, from the 2007 Spring semester:
RealAudio format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topics 18.1-18.2, slides 2-7: Boccaccio, his life and his ideology (20')
- Topics 18.2-18.3, slides 8-14: the structure of Boccaccio's Decameron; the significance of the first novella (25')
- Topic 18.5, slides 27-37: general considerations on the novella of Ciappelletto, and on the culture of humanism (22')
- Topic 18.3, slides 15-25: analysis of the novella of Ciappelletto (26')
- Topic 18.4, slide 26: Pierpaolo Pasolini's movie on the Decameron (5')
Mp3 format (mono, 32 Kbps)
- Topics 18.1-18.2, slides 2-7: Boccaccio, his life and his ideology (20')
- Topics 18.2-18.3, slides 8-14: the structure of Boccaccio's Decameron; the significance of the first novella (25')
- Topic 18.5, slides 27-37: general considerations on the novella of Ciappelletto, and on the culture of humanism (22')
- Topic 18.3, slides 15-25: analysis of the novella of Ciappelletto (26')
- Topic 18.4, slide 26: Pierpaolo Pasolini's movie on the Decameron (5')

Suggested readings
- There are many links inside the PowerPoint presentation (see above).
- If you visit the following link, inside the Stony Brook library page, http://sunysb.edu/~library/eresources/databases/j.html, you will find, inside the database called JSTOR, plenty of articles on Leonardo. In particular, I recommend that you read these: Meyer Schapiro, "Leonardo and Freud: An Art-Historical Study," Journal of the History of Ideas 17.2 (Apr. 1956): 147-78; P.G. Aaron, Robert G. Clouse, "Freud's Psychohistory of Leonardo da Vinci: A Matter of Being Right or Left," Journal of Interdisciplinary History 13.1 (Summer 1982): 1-16; D.J. Gordon, Stephen Orgel, "Leonardo's Legend," ELH 49.2 (Summer 1982): 300-25; Michael Ann Holly, "Writing Leonardo Backwards," New Literary History 23.1 (Winter 1992): 173-211.
- Visit the English-language version of the Leonardo Museum in Vinci (Leonardo's birthplace). When it first opened, this was one of the best virtual museums on the web. Scholarly sound, informative and well organized, it shows pictures of manuscript drawings and reconstructed scale models of Leonardo's inventions.
- Learn about the controversy surrounding Leonardo's invention of the bicycle:
http://www.cyclepublishing.com/history/leonardo%20da%20vinci%20bicycle.html (in English);
http://www.bclaudios.net/Leonardo/other.html (in Italian);
- Leonardo and the Engineers of the Renaissance, the English-language version of the site of an interesting exhibition organized by the Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza, Florence;
- Visit a virtual exhibition on Leonardo, from the Museum of Science in Boston;
- Visit the Leonardo da Vinci Gallery at the Museum of Science and Technology in Milan;
- The official page of Dan Brown's novel: http://www.danbrown.com/novels/davinci_code/reviews.html;
- If you are writing your paper on Leonardo and The Da Vinci Code, I recommend these articles: "The Da Vinci Con" By Laura Miller (NYT, Feb. 22, 2004), http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B07E0DD103AF931A15751C0A9629C8B63; "Dismantling The Da Vinci Code" By Sandra Miesel (Crisis Magazine, Sep. 1, 2003), http://www.crisismagazine.com/september2003/feature1.htm; "Defenders of Christianity Rebut 'The Da Vinci Code'" By Laurie Goodstein (NYT, Apr. 27, 2004).

Required readings
- read Giorgio Vasari's Lives of the Artists: Leonardo Da Vinci (1550). (**)

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Week 14 (May 5, May 7)

Topics
19.0 Humanism. Italy during the Renaissance. (***)
19.1 The life of Leonardo. (*)
19.2 Leonardo da Vinci: the myth. Vasari's vested interest, Burckhardt's Romantic ideal. Leonardo's defects and failures. His portrait. (***)
19.3 Vasari's portrayal of the artist as an intellectual genius. The Renaissance artist as a thinker and a great man, the equal of Dukes and Kings. Leonardo's death in Vasari (1568 version, normalized to fit into the culture of the Counter-Reform). (***)
19.4 The Virgin and St. Ann, by Leonardo.
19.5 Leonardo's inventions. Excerpts from an interview with Paolo Galluzzi, curator of the exhibition "Innovative Engineers of Renaissance" (2001). Leonardo's inventions in the context of late-medieval and Renaissance technology. (**)
19.6 Final remarks on Leonardo and Vasari. (***)
19.7 References to Leonardo and to Italian civilization in Dan Brown's The DaVinci Code (2003): download this presentation in Powerpoint (.ppt) format, or in Acrobat (.pdf).
19.8 Leonardo's 'inventions' and the projects of other engineers, from the late Middle Ages to the Renaissance: download this presentation in Powerpoint (.ppt) format (size: 32.3 MB!), or in Acrobat (.pdf) (size: 2.1 MB).

Topics
20.0 The final exam: format, contents, instructions. The paper.
20.1 The life of Machiavelli (1469-1527). His works. (*)
20.2 His letter to Francesco Vettori, Dec. 10, 1513. The first reference to The Prince. (**)
20.3 The Prince, dedication.
20.4 Traditional historiography and Renaissance culture. (***)
20.5 Machiavelli's experience in the field. (**)
20.6 Human nature. (**)
20.7 Analysis of The Prince, Chap. 7, New principalities acquired with help of others. (***)
20.8 From The Prince to The Godfather: references to Machiavelli in modern culture.

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 19 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 19 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 19 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 19 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 3.8 MB); Presentation 19 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 3.8 MB)
- Presentation 19 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 19 in plain text (.txt)

Lecture notes
Download or see online in any one of these formats:
- Presentation 20 in .html (Web version)
- Presentation 20 in Acrobat (.pdf); Presentation 20 in Acrobat (.pdf, black and white version)
- Presentation 20 in PowerPoint (.ppt; size: 0.2 MB); Presentation 20 in PowerPoint (.ppt, black and white version; size: 0.2 MB)
- Presentation 20 in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- Presentation 20 in plain text (.txt)

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 64 Kbps)
- Announcements, introduction, questions about the paper and the final exam: Monday (mp3, 11'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 19.0 Humanism (with references to Boccaccio's novella on Ciappelletto), Italy during the Renaissance (slides 2-3) (mp3, 30'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 19.1-19.2, 19.5, 19.8 The myth of Leonardo (slides 4-18, 26, plus the Powerpoint on Leonardo's invention) (mp3, 35'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Announcements, introduction, the final exam (20.0, slides 2-7): Wednesday (mp3, 20'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 19.3 Leonardo's life according to Vasari (slides 19-24) (mp3, 28'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 20.1 The life of Machiavelli (slides 8-9) (mp3, 29'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Interactive quizzes
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Quiz on Humanism and the Renaissance: on Leonardo da Vinci, Machiavelli (6 multiple-choice questions) [Revised]

Suggested readings
- Dr. Roger D. Masters, science professor turned Renaissance historian (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~rmasters/), wrote two books on Machiavelli and Leonardo. Here are a few relevant links: a simple review of Fortune is a river, Masters' book on the failed Florentine project to deviate the Arno river during the siege of Pisa, in the early 1500s (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~rmasters/fourtune/review.html); Masters' other book on Leonardo and Machiavelli is entitled Machiavelli, Leonardo, and the Science of Power.
- Read about the history of the reception of Machiavelli's political theories in the Dictionary of the History of Ideas: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhiana.cgi?id=dv3-15.
- Read "The Paradox of Corrupt Yet Effective Leadership" (By Alan Ehrenhalt, NYT, Sep. 30, 2002).

Required readings
- read Chapter VII from Machiavelli's The Prince; (***)
- read Chapter VIII from The Prince; (*)
- read Chapter XVII from The Prince; (**)
- read Chapter XXV from The Prince. (*)

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Week 15 (May 12)

Topics
Review session: during this class, the professor will answer any questions from the students on all topics and readings.
All the presentations of this semester, in one file, in Acrobat format (size: 21.4 MB!).

Audioclips
Download or listen online to relevant segments from this week's lectures (RealAudio format: stereo, 64 Kbps; Mp3 format: stereo, 64 Kbps)
- Announcements, introduction (mp3, 4'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- 20.2-20.7 Machiavelli, his culture, his ideas about politics (slides 10-37) (mp3, 39'). This is the clip in RealAudio.
- Questions about the final exam (mp3, 7'). This is the clip in RealAudio.

Final exam (May 14)
Final exam (maximum time allowed: two hours).

Announcements | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


Syllabus

HUI216 -- Italian Civilization Through the Ages

Course Description
The historical development of civilization in Italy with reference to literature and connection to artistic expression such as visual arts, music, and theatre.

Course Prerequisites
Advisory Prerequisite: Completion of D.E.C. category B.

Course Objectives
This course offers an overview of Italian civilization and guides the students to a better understanding of its diverse manifestations, in various cultural fields and throughout the ages (from the Romans to the Renaissance). For the most part, contents are organized chronologically, bringing together different aspects of the Italian culture (the arts -- with the inclusion of painting, sculpture, architecture and music --, philosophy and science, literature and theater); as a crucial aid, background information about the history of Italy will also be introduced. In order to make this material manageable for the students, the course will focus on themes and ideas that are representative of each phase of Italian history and that are still part of the Italian heritage. The appreciation of that heritage and a better understanding of modern/contemporary Italian society and culture will be further goals of this course.

NB: this course satisfies category I of the D.E.C.

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Instructor: Dr. Andrea Fedi.
Office hours (rm. 1148, Humanities building): Mondays and Wednesdays 5:30-6:30, Tuesdays 1:30-3:00, and by appointment. Telephone: (631) 632-7449 [there is no voice-mail; to leave an urgent message you can call Mary Wilmarth, the secretary of the Department of European Languages, at (631) 632-7442].
E-mail: afedi@ms.cc.sunysb.edu

Graduate Assistant: Holly Schnittger.
Office hours (rm. 1056, Humanities building): Mondays and Wednesdays 1:00-2:00, and by appointment.
E-mail: hschnittger@hotmail.com

Grades will be determined according to the following scale:

5% class participation and attendance
45% paper (due May 5)
50% final exam (May 14, 5:15-7:15; location: if your last name begins with A-K, go to Javits 102; if your last name begins with L-Z, go to Javits 105).

These are the numeric equivalents of the letter grades:
- 94-100 = A
- 90-93 = A-
- 87-89 = B+
- 84-86 = B
- 80-83 = B-
- 77-79 = C+
- 74-76 = C
- 70-73 = C-
- 66-69 = D+
- 60-65 = D
- 0-59 = F

Attendance is essential. Since new material is introduced with each lecture, missing even just a few classes may have a serious effect on your grades. Attendance will be monitored through random attendance checks (circulating an attendance sheet during some of the classes).

Students are expected to
- arrive for class on time and leave the classroom only at the end of class;
- engage in class discussions and activities when appropriate;
- exhibit classroom behavior that is not disruptive of the learning environment;
- secure and turn off all electronic communications and entertainment devices during class time unless otherwise directed by the course instructor.

Participation is assessed on the basis of questions and comments made during class lectures, or on the basis of comments submitted in writing (via e-mail) to the instructor.

The final exam consists of 45-50 multiple-choice questions and 2-4 essay questions. The exam is cumulative.

Possible topics for the paper are listed in a separate section, after this syllabus. If you wish to write on a different topic, you must submit an abstract or an outline via e-mail, and get permission from the instructor. Minimum length for the paper is 5 pages or 1,500 words; max. length is 10 pages or 3,000 words. The paper must be emailed to the instructor by the due date. Receipt of the paper will be acknowledged via email within 24 hours. The paper must be submitted following these rules:
- send the paper as an attachment
- send it as one file, in MS Word (.doc or .docx), or in Rich Text Format (.rtf)
- the name of the file must begin with your last and first name, separated by an underscore, followed the number of your topic. For example:
fedi_andrea_01.doc
smith_john_14.rtf
Your submission will be considered final. Please do not forget to include your name and ID with your paper.

Stony Brook University expects students to maintain standards of personal integrity that are in harmony with the educational goals of the institution; to observe national, state, and local laws and University regulations; and to respect the rights, privileges, and property of other people. Faculty are required to report to the Office of Judicial Affairs any disruptive behavior that interrupts their ability to teach, compromises the safety of the learning environment, and/or inhibits students' ability to learn. Each student must pursue his or her academic goals honestly and be personally accountable for all submitted work. Representing another person's work as your own is always wrong. Any suspected instance of academic dishonesty will be reported to the Academic Judiciary. For more comprehensive information on academic integrity, including categories of academic dishonesty, please refer to the academic judiciary website at www.stonybrook.edu/uaa/academicjudiciary.

If you have a physical, psychological, medical or learning disability that may impact your course work, please contact Disability Support Services, 128 ECC Building (631) 632-6748. They will determine with you what accommodations are necessary and appropriate. All information and documentation is confidential. Students who require assistance during emergency evacuation are encouraged to discuss their needs with their professors and Disability Support Services. For procedures and information go to the following web site: www.ehs.sunysb.edu.

Topics: for a complete list of topics, readings and assignments, visit the section entitled Lectures, on this page.

Announcements | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


Topics for the paper

For your paper, you can choose any of the following topics. If you wish to write on a different topic, you must consult me ahead of time, with an abstract or a detailed proposal, and obtain permission.

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[01] The relevance of local identities and cultures in contemporary Italian society. Their current or future interactions with European and global frameworks. The impact on them of regulations and policies implemented by the European Union.

[02] Pre-Roman civilizations in Italy, with particular focus on the Greeks or the Etruscans. Cultural vestiges of the ancient world and surviving traditions. Modern characterizations of those civilizations and of their relevance for the creation of regional cultures in Italy.

[03] The portrayal of Roman civilization in the novel Pompeii, by Robert Harris (2003). The juxtaposition of modern and classical elements.

[04] The portrayal of Roman civilization in the novel Imperium, by Robert Harris (2006). The juxtaposition of modern and classical elements.

[05] The themes of decadence and moral/political corruption in the works of Tacitus on the Roman empire. The popularity of the idea of a decadent Roman Empire in modern culture.

[06] Claudio Monteverdi's opera L'incoronazione di Poppea (1642). The portrayal of Nero and its court. Monteverdi's sources. The popularity of this opera in modern times.

[07] The cinematic representation of Roman civilization, with reference to at least two of these movies: Scipio Africanus, Spartacus, Gladiator, and The Last Legion. The juxtaposition of modern and classical elements. References to Italy and Italian civilization.

[08] Italian Fascism and the exploitation of Roman history and culture in its propaganda. References to Roman civilization in fascist culture and the arts.

[09] The representation of Roman civilization and the fall of the Roman empire in Valerio Massimo Manfredi's historical novel, The Last Legion (2003).

[10] Classicism and neoclassicism in American culture, with reference to the arts (architecture, sculpture, painting) and/or to the political discourse of the Founding Fathers.

[11] The portrayal of St. Francis of Assisi in Liliani Cavani's movie Francesco (1989). Its treatment of the Franciscan sources.

[12] Matthew Pearl's novel, The Dante Club. References to Dante's Inferno, and to the reception of the Divine comedy in the US.

[13] Paolo and Francesca in Dante's Inferno 5. References to medieval culture, to the chivarlic genre and to the medieval philosophy of love. Modern reinterpretations of the story by artists and musicians.

[14] Dante and the Divine comedy in popular culture, with reference to literature, music, sculpture, visual and performing arts, or the digital world.

[15] Mercantile values and role models for the Italian bourgeoisie in Boccaccio's Decameron.

[16] The Middle Ages in Italy, and how medieval culture and history influenced the construction of an Italian identity (national or regional). The survival and the recreation/reinterpretation of medieval traditions in modern Italy.

[17] Chivalric literature in modern Italian culture, with reference to Calvino's Castle of crossed destinies, or to the Sicilian pupi (marionettes).

[18] Leonardo's image in modern culture, with reference to one of these books: Sigmund Freud, Leonardo and a memory of his childhood (1910); Michael Gelb, How to think like Leonardo da Vinci (1998).

[19] The representation of Leonardo, and of Italian civilization and society in Dan Brown, The Da Vinci code (2003), or in Lewis Perdue, The Da Vinci legacy (1983, 2004).

[20] Modern reinterpretations of Machiavelli's ideology in one or more of these books: Stanley Bing, What would Machiavelli do? The ends justify the meanness (2000); Allan Folsom, The Machiavelli covenant (2007); Michael Ledeen, Machiavelli on modern leadership. Why Machiavelli's iron rules are as timely and important today has five centuries ago (1999); Harriet Rubin, The Princessa. Machiavelli for women (1998).

[21] The representation of the Italian Renaissance (culture and society), in one or more of these novels: Sarah Dunant, The Birth of Venus (2003); Ian Caldwell and Dustin Thomason, The rule of four (2004).

Announcements | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


General bibliography, organized by topics

This bibliography is organized by topic, for general reference, and because many of the books listed in each section can be used for different papers.

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Tacitus

Fantham, Elaine. Roman literary culture: from Cicero to Apuleius. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Scarre, Christopher. Chronicle of the Roman emperors: the reign-by-reign record of the rulers of Imperial Rome. London; New York: Thames and Hudson, 1995.

Braund, David C. Augustus to Nero: a sourcebook on Roman history, 31 BC-AD 68. Totowa: Barnes and Noble, 1985.

Barrett, Anthony. Agrippina: sex, power, and politics in the early Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.

Sinclair, Patrick. Tacitus the sententious historian: a sociology of rhetoric in Annales 1-6. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995.

Reflections of Nero: culture, history, and representation. Edited by Jaźs Elsner and Jamie Masters. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.

Luce, T. James and A.J. Woodman, eds. Tacitus and the Tacitean tradition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Auerbach, Erich. Mimesis. The Representation of Reality in Western Literature. Trans. W.R. Trask. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Women and family in the classical world

Rawson, Beryl, ed. The Family in ancient Rome: new perspectives. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986.

Bradley, K. R. Discovering the Roman family: studies in Roman social history. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Dixon, Suzanne. The Roman family. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Hallett, Judith P. Fathers and daughters in Roman society: women and the elite family. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Cantarella, Eva. Pandora's daughters: the role and status of women in Greek and Roman antiquity. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

Lekowitz, Mary R. Women's life in Greece and Rome. Compiled by Mary R. Lefkowitz and Maureen B. Fant. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

Dixon, Suzanne. The Roman mother. Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1987.

Fantham, Elaine et al. Women in the classical world: image and text. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Religion and state during antiquity

Wardman, Alan. Religion and statecraft among the Romans. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

MacMullen, Ramsay. Paganism in the Roman Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.

Lee, A. D. Pagans and Christians in late antiquity: a sourcebook. London; New York: Routledge, 2000.

Segal, Alan F. Rebecca's children: Judaism and Christianity in the Roman world. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Sordi, Marta. The Christians and the Roman Empire. Transl. by Annabel Bedini. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.

Lane Fox, Robin. Pagans and Christians. New York: Knopf, 1987.

Benko, Stephen. Pagan Rome and the early Christians. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.

Helleman, Wendy E., ed. Christianity and the classics: the acceptance of a heritage. Lanham: University Press of America, 1990.

The influence of Roman civilization on Western culture and society

Richard, Carl J. The founders and the classics: Greece, Rome, and the American Enlightenment. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1994.

Knox, Bernard. Backing into the future: the Classical tradition and its renewal. New York: W.W. Norton, 1994.

Acta Congressus Madvigiani: Hafniae MDMLIV (Proceedings of the Second International Congress of Classical Studies). Copenhagen: E. Munksgaard, 1957-1958.

Cantor, Norman. The Medieval Reader. HarperCollins, 1995.

Helleman, Wendy E., ed. Christianity and the classics: the acceptance of a heritage. Lanham: University Press of America, 1990.

Taylor, Henry O. The classical heritage of the Middle Ages. New York: F. Ungar, 1957.

Wyke, Maria. Projecting the past: ancient Rome, cinema, and history. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Roman civilization and Italian fascism

Bosworth, R.J.B. and Patrizia Dogli. Italian fascism: history, memory, and representation. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999.

Berezin, Mabel. Making the fascist self: the political culture of interwar Italy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Falasca-Zamponi, Simonetta. Fascist spectacle: the aesthetics of power in Mussolini's Italy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Hay, James. Popular film culture in Fascist Italy: the passing of the Rex. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

The Italian Renaissance

Brand, Peter and Lino Pertile. The Cambridge history of Italian literature. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Conaway Bondanella, Julia and Mark Musa, eds. The Italian Renaissance reader. New York: New American Library, 1987.

Hay, Denys. The Italian Renaissance in its historical background. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Migiel, Marilyn and Juliana Schiesari, eds. Refiguring woman: perspectives on gender and the Italian Renaissance. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Toscano, Antonio, ed. Interpreting the Italian Renaissance: literary perspectives. New York: Forum Italicum, 1991.

Announcements | Calendar | Lectures and readings | Syllabus | Topics for the paper


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This web site is owned and managed by Dr. Andrea Fedi, Dept. of European Languages, University of Stony Brook (NY). © 2007